2012 Disability Status Report: New Hampshire

Table of Contents

The 2012 Annual Disability Status Report

The Annual Disability Status Reports provide policy makers, disability advocates, reporters, and the public with a summary of the most recent demographic and economic statistics on the non-institutionalized population with disabilities. They contain information on the population size and disability prevalence for various demographic subpopulations, as well as statistics related to employment, earnings, household income, veterans' service-connected disability and health insurance. Comparisons are made to people without disabilities and across disability types. Disability Status Reports and other statistics are available for the United States overall, each state, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico at www.disabilitystatistics.org.

The Status Reports primarily look at the working-age population because the employment gap between people with and without disabilities is a major focus of government programs and advocacy efforts. Employment is also a key factor in the social integration and economic self-sufficiency of working-age people with disabilities.

The information in this report is based on data from the US Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS) – a survey sent each year to a random sample of over 3.5 million households. For more information see the Census Bureau's ACS website http://www.census.gov/acs/www/ and our Guide to Disability Statistics from the American Community Survey (2008 Forward): http://disabilitystatistics.org/sources.cfm.

The estimates in these reports are based on responses from a sample of the population and may differ from actual population values because of sampling variability and other factors. Differences observed between the estimates for two or more groups may not be statistically significant.

http://www.census.gov/acs/www/Downloads/methodology/content_test/SummaryResultsACS2006ContentTest.pdf

 

Suggested Citation

Erickson, W. Lee, C., & von Schrader, S. (2014). 2012 Disability Status Report: New Hampshire. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Yang Tan Institute (YTI).

We would like to thank Sara VanLooy, Jason Criss, and Joe Williams for their assistance with editing and production of this document.

ACS Disability Questions

There is no single accepted definition of disability. Different definitions and disability questions may identify different populations with disabilities and result in larger or smaller estimates.

Below are the six questions used in the ACS to identify persons with disabilities. Note that the Census Bureau refers to each of the individual types as "difficulty" while in this report the term "disability" is used.

  • Hearing Disability (asked of all ages):
    • Is this person deaf or does he/she have serious difficulty hearing?
  • Visual Disability (asked of all ages):
    • Is this person blind or does he/she have serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses?
  • Cognitive Disability (asked of persons ages 5 or older):
    • Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions?
  • Ambulatory Disability (asked of persons ages 5 or older):
    • Does this person have serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs?
  • Self-Care Disability (asked of persons ages 5 or older):
    • Does this person have difficulty dressing or bathing?
  • Independent Living Disability (asked of persons ages 15 or older):
    • Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping?

Note:

  • The "Any Disability" category used in this report includes persons who reported one or more of the individual disability types.
  • Respondents could report more than one disability type.
  • Some disability questions were not asked of children.
  • A separate set of survey questions identify veterans with service-connected disabilities. Based on a separate set of survey questions, this report includes estimates related to veterans' service-connected disability
    (see page 51).

 

Notes

Spanish Language Reports: Spanish language versions of the Annual Disability Status Reports for the US, all 50 states, Puerto Rico, and Washington D.C. can be downloaded at the same location as the English Status Reports. The Spanish translation was made possible through funding from the Northeast ADA Center and NIDRR.

Puerto Rico: A Puerto Rico Disability Status Report, based on the parallel 2012 Puerto Rico Community Survey (PRCS), is available again this year in English as well as Spanish. However, please note that the Puerto Rico sample is not included in any U.S. population estimates included in these reports.

Group Quarters: In 2006, the ACS began surveying the group quarters population. We include the non-institutionalized group quarters population, but due to small state level sample sizes exclude the institutionalized group quarters population (see glossary) in the Disability Status Reports.

Margin of Error (MOE): As in previous years' reports we provide the 90% MOE to better illustrate sampling variability. See the glossary entry for more information on this topic.

Glossary: As in previous years, we provide a comprehensive glossary at the back of this report defining the terms used in the Disability Status Report (see glossary).

Note: According to the Census Bureau, estimates based on the ACS Public Use Microdata Sample (PUMS) file such as those included in this report may differ slightly from the ACS summary tables produced by the Census Bureau, because they are subject to additional sampling error and further data processing operations. Please see http://www.disabilitystatistics.org/faq.cfm#Q4 for further information.

New Hampshire Summary

These statistics indicate the social and economic status of non-institutionalized people with disabilities in New Hampshire, using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS).

Age: In 2012, the prevalence of disability in NH was:

  • 11.9 percent for persons of all ages
  • 1.1 percent for persons ages 4 and under
  • 5.2 percent for persons ages 5 to 15
  • 6.3 percent for persons ages 16 to 20
  • 9.9 percent for persons ages 21 to 64
  • 23.5 percent for persons ages 65 to 74
  • 46.0 percent for persons ages 75+

Disability Type: In 2012, the prevalence of the six disability types among persons of all ages in NH was:

  • 1.6% reported a Visual Disability
  • 3.4% reported a Hearing Disability
  • 6.1% reported an Ambulatory Disability
  • 4.9% reported a Cognitive Disability
  • 2.1% reported a Self-Care Disability
  • 4.6% reported an Independent Living Disability

Gender: In 2012, 11.9 percent of females of all ages and 11.9 percent of males of all ages in NH reported a disability.

Hispanic/Latino: In 2012, the prevalence of disability among persons of all ages of Hispanic or Latino origin in NH was 11.6 percent.

Race: In NH in 2012, the prevalence of disability for working-age people (ages 21 to 64) was:

  • 9.9 percent among Whites
  • 11.0 percent among Black / African Americans
  • 5.3 percent among Asians
  • 26.1 percent among Native Americans
  • 13.6 percent among persons of some other race(s)

Employment: In 2012, the employment rate of working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities in NH was 37.4 percent.

Looking for Work: In NH in 2012, the percentage actively looking for work among people with disabilities who were not working was 11.5 percent.

Full-Time/Full-Year Employment: In NH in 2012, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities working full-time/full-year was 19.9 percent.

Annual Earnings: In 2012, the median annual earnings of working-age people with disabilities working full-time/full-year in NH was $39,500.

Annual Household Income: In NH in 2012, the median annual income of households with working-age people with disabilities was $48,000.

Poverty: In NH in 2012, the poverty rate of working-age people with disabilities was 24.2 percent.

Supplemental Security Income: In 2012, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities receiving SSI payments in NH was 21.4 percent.

Educational Attainment: In 2012, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities in NH:

  • with only a high school diploma or equivalent was 35.7 percent
  • with only some college or an associate degree was 33.3 percent
  • with a bachelor's degree or more was 15.5 percent.

Veterans Service-Connected Disability: In 2012, the percentage of working-age civilian veterans with a VA determined Service-Connected Disability was 18.0 percent in NH.

Health Insurance Coverage: In 2012 in NH, 83.6 percent of working-age people with disabilities had health insurance.

Prevalence: Ages 21 - 64

This summary lists percentages by state of non-institutionalized working-age (ages 21 to 64) people with disabilities using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS). The US disability prevalence rate for this population was 10.4%

Location 2012 (%) Location 2012 (%)
Alabama 15.5 Montana 10.7
Alaska 10.6 Nebraska 8.5
Arizona 10.1 Nevada 10.6
Arkansas 15.8 New Hampshire 9.9
California 8.1 New Jersey 7.9
Colorado 8.7 New Mexico 13.5
Connecticut 8.4 New York 8.6
Delaware 10.9 North Carolina 11.7
District of Columbia 9.8 North Dakota 8.6
Florida 10.3 Ohio 12.3
Georgia 10.9 Oklahoma 14.1
Hawaii 8.7 Oregon 12.1
Idaho 11.3 Pennsylvania 11.4
Illinois 8.7 Puerto Rico 19.1
Indiana 11.3 Rhode Island 10.6
Iowa 9.8 South Carolina 12.7
Kansas 11.2 South Dakota 10.2
Kentucky 15.8 Tennessee 13.9
Louisiana 14.0 Texas 10.4
Maine 13.7 Utah 8.7
Maryland 8.4 Vermont 11.2
Massachusetts 9.2 Virginia 8.7
Michigan 12.1 Washington 10.4
Minnesota 8.5 West Virginia 17.6
Mississippi 16.2 Wisconsin 9.5
Missouri 13.1 Wyoming 10.1

Employment: Ages 21 - 64

This summary lists employment rates by state of non-institutionalized working-age (ages 21 to 64) people with disabilities using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS). The employment rate in the US for this population was 33.5% for people with disabilities and 76.3% for people without disabilities.

Location People with Disabilities 2012 People without Disabilities 2012 Location People with Disabilities 2012 People without Disabilities 2012
Alabama 29.4 73.2 Montana 37.8 78.1
Alaska 42.3 76.8 Nebraska 43.6 84.5
Arizona 35.1 73.1 Nevada 36.1 74.6
Arkansas 32.3 75.2 New Hampshire 37.4 83.5
California 32.2 73.1 New Jersey 36.0 76.5
Colorado 42.0 79.6 New Mexico 34.7 73.3
Connecticut 40.2 78.8 New York 32.0 75.6
Delaware 35.5 78.7 North Carolina 30.8 75.3
District of Columbia 31.0 79.0 North Dakota 53.0 84.9
Florida 29.4 73.8 Ohio 32.9 77.2
Georgia 30.9 73.7 Oklahoma 34.2 77.9
Hawaii 38.6 78.7 Oregon 34.8 74.0
Idaho 40.8 76.5 Pennsylvania 33.1 77.7
Illinois 33.2 76.7 Puerto Rico 24.0 57.0
Indiana 34.9 77.8 Rhode Island 28.2 79.7
Iowa 42.1 83.5 South Carolina 27.7 74.7
Kansas 41.1 81.0 South Dakota 54.1 83.6
Kentucky 26.6 74.9 Tennessee 28.2 75.2
Louisiana 35.0 75.5 Texas 37.4 76.5
Maine 34.1 79.1 Utah 41.4 78.9
Maryland 42.1 80.1 Vermont 37.2 82.9
Massachusetts 33.0 79.6 Virginia 36.0 79.9
Michigan 27.6 73.1 Washington 36.9 76.8
Minnesota 42.7 83.4 West Virginia 24.5 72.9
Mississippi 26.4 73.4 Wisconsin 36.3 81.3
Missouri 32.7 78.3 Wyoming 43.9 80.8

Prevalence

All Ages

Introduction

This section addresses the prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people of all ages in New Hampshire, using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2012, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of people with a disability of all ages in NH was 11.9 percent.
  • In other words, in 2012, 155,500 of the 1,307,600 individuals of all ages in NH reported one or more disabilities.
  • In NH in 2012, among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest prevalence rate was for "Ambulatory Disability," 6.1 percent. The lowest prevalence rate was for "Visual Disability," 1.6 percent.

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people of all ages in New Hampshire in 2012*

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Any Disability 11.9 0.65 155,500 8,490 1,307,600 13,213
Visual 1.6 3.29 21,200 3,310 1,307,600 13,213
Hearing 3.4 0.36 44,500 4,750 1,307,600 13,213
Ambulatory 6.1 0.49 76,200 6,140 1,242,100 12,666
Cognitive 4.9 0.44 60,400 5,500 1,242,100 12,666
Self-Care 2.1 0.30 26,400 3,690 1,242,100 12,666
Independent Living 4.6 0.46 49,500 5,000 1,086,300 11,189

* Note: Children under the age of five were only asked about Vision and Hearing disabilities. The Independent Living disability question was only asked of persons aged 16 years old and older.

Prevalence

Ages 4 years and under

Introduction

This section focuses on the prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized children ages 4 and under in New Hampshire, using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS). Only the two sensory disability questions were asked of this population. For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2012, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of children with a visual and/or hearing disability ages 0 to 4 in NH was 1.1 percent.
  • In other words, in 2012, 700 of the 65,500 children ages 0 to 4 in NH reported one or more disabilities.
  • In NH in 2012, 0.2 percent reported a visual disability
  • In NH in 2012, 0.9 percent reported a hearing disability

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 4 and under in New Hampshire in 2012

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Any Disability 1.1 3.29 700 620 65,500 547
Visual 0.2 3.29 100 400 65,500 547
Hearing 0.9 3.29 600 560 65,500 547

Prevalence

Ages 5 to 15 years

Introduction

This section focuses on the prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized children ages 5 to 15 in New Hampshire, using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS)*. For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2012, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of children with a disability ages 5 to 15 in NH was 5.2 percent.
  • In other words, in 2012, 9,100 of the 173,300 individuals ages 5 to 15 in NH reported one or more disabilities.
  • In NH in 2012, among the five types of disabilities* identified in the ACS, the highest prevalence rate was for "Cognitive Disability," 4.7 percent. The lowest prevalence rate was for "Visual Disability," 0.3 percent.

Prevalence of disability* among non-institutionalized people ages 5 to 15 in New Hampshire in 2012

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Any Disability 5.2 1.23 9,100 2,180 173,300 1,639
Visual 0.3 3.29 600 560 173,300 1,639
Hearing 0.6 3.29 1,000 720 173,300 1,639
Ambulatory 0.6 3.29 1,100 760 173,300 1,639
Cognitive 4.7 1.17 8,200 2,070 173,300 1,639
Self-Care 0.8 3.29 1,400 850 173,300 1,639

* Note: The "Independent Living Disability" question was not asked of children ages 15 years and younger.

Prevalence

Ages 16 to 20 years

Introduction

This section focuses on the prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 16 to 20 in New Hampshire, using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2012, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of people with a disability ages 16 to 20 in NH was 6.3 percent.
  • In other words, in 2012, 5,900 of the 93,700 individuals ages 16 to 20 in NH reported one or more disabilities.
  • In NH in 2012, among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest prevalence rate was for "Cognitive Disability," 4.8 percent. The lowest prevalence rate was for "Visual Disability," 0.5 percent.

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 16 to 20 in New Hampshire in 2012

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Any Disability 6.3 1.81 5,900 1,750 93,700 945
Visual 0.5 3.29 400 480 93,700 945
Hearing 0.6 3.29 600 540 93,700 945
Ambulatory 0.9 3.29 900 680 93,700 945
Cognitive 4.8 1.60 4,500 1,540 93,700 945
Self-Care 0.9 3.29 900 670 93,700 945
Independent Living 2.2 1.09 2,000 1,030 93,700 945

Prevalence

Ages 21 to 64 years

Introduction

This section focuses on the prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) in New Hampshire, using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2012, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of working age people (ages 21 to 64) with a disability in NH was 9.9 percent.
  • In other words, in 2012, 77,800 of the 787,100 individuals ages 21 to 64 in NH reported one or more disabilities.
  • In NH in 2012, among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest prevalence rate was for "Ambulatory Disability," 4.7 percent. The lowest prevalence rate was "Visual Disability," 1.1 percent.

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 21 to 64 in New Hampshire in 2012

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Any Disability 9.9 0.77 77,800 6,200 787,100 7,781
Visual 1.1 3.29 8,900 2,150 787,100 7,781
Hearing 2.0 3.29 15,400 2,830 787,100 7,781
Ambulatory 4.7 0.54 36,600 4,320 787,100 7,781
Cognitive 4.2 0.52 33,400 4,140 787,100 7,781
Self-Care 1.7 3.29 13,400 2,640 787,100 7,781
Independent Living 3.4 0.47 26,700 3,710 787,100 7,781

Prevalence

Ages 65 to 74 years

Introduction

This section explores the prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 65 to 74 in New Hampshire, using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2012, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of people with a disability ages 65 to 74 in NH was 23.5 percent.
  • In other words, in 2012, 25,400 of the 108,300 individuals ages 65 to 74 in NH reported one or more disabilities.
  • In NH in 2012, among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest prevalence rate was for "Ambulatory Disability," 14.7 percent. The lowest prevalence rate was for "Visual Disability," 2.8 percent.

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 65 to 74 in New Hampshire in 2012

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Any Disability 23.5 2.95 25,400 3,620 108,300 1,375
Visual 2.8 1.15 3,000 1,260 108,300 1,375
Hearing 8.5 1.94 9,200 2,190 108,300 1,375
Ambulatory 14.7 2.46 15,900 2,870 108,300 1,375
Cognitive 4.8 1.49 5,200 1,650 108,300 1,375
Self-Care 3.9 1.35 4,200 1,480 108,300 1,375
Independent Living 5.5 1.59 6,000 1,770 108,300 1,375

Prevalence

Ages 75 and Older

Introduction

This section focuses on the prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 75 and older in New Hampshire, using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2012, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of people with a disability ages 75 and older in NH was 46.0 percent.
  • In other words, in 2012, 36,700 of the 79,700 individuals ages 75 and older in NH reported one or more disabilities.
  • In NH in 2012, among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest prevalence rate was for "Ambulatory Disability," 27.3 percent. The lowest prevalence rate was for "Self-Care Disability," 8.3 percent.

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 75 and older in New Hampshire in 2012

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Any Disability 46.0 4.05 36,700 4,330 79,700 926
Visual 10.2 2.46 8,100 2,060 79,700 926
Hearing 22.2 3.38 17,700 3,030 79,700 926
Ambulatory 27.3 3.61 21,700 3,350 79,700 926
Cognitive 11.3 2.57 9,000 2,170 79,700 926
Self-Care 8.3 2.24 6,600 1,860 79,700 926
Independent Living 18.3 3.14 14,600 2,750 79,700 926

Prevalence

Gender and Age

Introduction

This section examines the prevalence of disability among people by gender and age group in New Hampshire, using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS)*. For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In NH in 2012, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of males with a disability of all ages was 11.9 percent.
  • In other words, in 2012, 76,000 of the 639,800 males of all ages in NH reported one or more disabilities.
  • In NH in 2012, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of females with a disability of all ages was 11.9 percent.
  • In other words, in 2012, 79,600 of the 667,800 females of all ages in NH reported one or more disabilities.

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people by gender and age group in New Hampshire in 2012

Gender & Age Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Males
Males: All Ages 11.9 0.93 76,000 6,130 639,800 6,481
Males: Ages 4 and under 0.9 3.29 300 400 33,500 292
Males: Ages 5-15 7.8 2.09 6,700 1,870 86,000 807
Males: Ages 16-20 7.2 2.78 3,300 1,310 45,200 474
Males: Ages 21-64 9.8 1.09 38,100 4,410 390,000 3,844
Males: Ages 65-74 25.0 4.34 13,100 2,610 52,300 676
Males: Ages 75+ 44.4 6.29 14,500 2,750 32,700 388
Females
Females: All Ages 11.9 0.91 79,600 6,270 667,800 6,732
Females: Ages 4 and under 1.4 3.29 400 490 32,000 255
Females: Ages 5-15 2.7 1.26 2,400 1,120 87,300 832
Females: Ages 16-20 5.4 2.35 2,600 1,170 48,500 471
Females: Ages 21-64 10.0 1.09 39,700 4,490 397,100 3,937
Females: Ages 65-74 22.1 4.01 12,400 2,540 56,000 699
Females: Ages 75+ 47.1 5.28 22,100 3,380 47,000 538

* Note: Children ages 0-4 were only asked about visual and hearing disabilities, children ages 5-15 were not asked the "Independent Living Disability" question.

Prevalence

Hispanic/Latino Origin and Age

Introduction

This section examines the prevalence of disability among people by Hispanic/Latino origin and age group in New Hampshire, using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS)*. For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In NH in 2012, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of disability among people of Hispanic/Latino origin of all ages was 11.6 percent.
  • In other words, in 2012, 4,600 of the 39,800 people of Hispanic/Latino origin of all ages in NH reported one or more disabilities.
  • In NH in 2012, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of disability among people of non-Hispanic/Latino origin of all ages was 11.9 percent.
  • In other words, in 2012, 150,900 of the 1,267,800 people of non-Hispanic/Latino origin of all ages in NH reported one or more disabilities.

* Note: Children ages 0-4 were only asked about visual and hearing disabilities, children age 5-15 were not asked the "Independent Living Disability" question.

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people by Hispanic / Latino origin and age group in New Hampshire in 2012

Hispanic/Latino Origin & Age Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Hispanic
Hispanic - All Ages 11.6 3.68 4,600 1,560 39,800 261
Hispanic - Ages 4 and under 10.5 10.76 400 490 4,300 23
Hispanic - Ages 5-15 3.5 4.34 300 400 9,500 63
Hispanic - Ages 16-20 22.7 15.97 800 660 3,600 27
Hispanic - Ages 21-64 9.6 4.74 1,900 1,010 20,200 134
Hispanic - Ages 65-74 49.0 35.99 500 510 1,000 8
Hispanic - Ages 75+ 49.2 33.10 600 560 1,200 6
Non-Hispanic
Non-Hispanic - All Ages 11.9 0.66 150,900 8,380 1,267,800 12,952
Non-Hispanic - Ages 4 and under 0.5 3.29 300 400 61,300 524
Non-Hispanic - Ages 5-15 5.3 1.27 8,700 2,140 163,800 1,576
Non-Hispanic - Ages 16-20 5.6 1.76 5,100 1,630 90,100 918
Non-Hispanic - Ages 21-64 9.9 0.78 75,800 6,130 766,800 7,647
Non-Hispanic - Ages 65-74 23.2 2.95 24,900 3,580 107,300 1,367
Non-Hispanic - Ages 75+ 45.9 4.08 36,100 4,290 78,500 920

* Note: Children ages 0-4 were only asked about visual and hearing disabilities, children ages 5-15 were not asked the "Independent Living Disability" question.
Caution: Estimate based on small sample size (less than 40 individuals).

Prevalence

Race

Introduction

This section presents the disability prevalence rate among non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by race category in NH, using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

In 2012, among working-age people in NH:

  • 9.9 percent of persons who were White reported a disability.
  • 11.0 percent of persons who were Black/African American reported a disability.
  • 26.1 percent of persons who were Native American reported a disability.
  • 5.3 percent of persons who were Asian reported a disability.
  • 13.6 percent of persons who were some other race(s) reported a disability.

Caution: Estimate based on small sample size (less than 40 individuals).

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by race in New Hampshire in 2012

Race Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
White 9.9 0.79 73,100 6,020 741,600 7,439
Black/African American 11.0 6.84 1,200 800 11,000 74
Native American or
Alaska Native
26.1 20.11 700 590 2,500 16
Asian 5.3 3.71 1,000 730 19,200 134
Some other race(s) 13.6 6.95 1,700 960 12,800 118

Caution: Estimate based on small sample size (less than 40 individuals).

Employment

Introduction

This section examines the employment rates of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities in New Hampshire, using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2012, the employment rate of working-age people with disabilities in NH was 37.4 percent.
  • In 2012, the employment rate of working-age people without disabilities in NH was 83.5 percent.
  • The gap between the employment rates of working-age people with and without disabilities was 46.1 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest employment rate was for people with a "Hearing Disability," 58.1 percent. The lowest employment rate was for people with a "Independent Living Disability," 19.2 percent.

Employment of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by disability status in New Hampshire in 2012

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 83.5 1.01 592,300 13,040 709,300 7,003
Any Disability 37.4 3.98 29,100 3,860 77,800 778
Visual 52.7 12.16 4,700 1,560 8,900 85
Hearing 58.1 9.11 8,900 2,160 15,400 156
Ambulatory 27.8 5.36 10,200 2,300 36,600 373
Cognitive 24.4 5.38 8,200 2,060 33,400 350
Self-Care 21.7 8.17 2,900 1,230 13,400 127
Independent Living 19.2 5.52 5,100 1,640 26,700 264

Not Working but Actively Looking for Work

Introduction

This section focuses on the percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities in New Hampshire who are not working but actively looking for work, using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2012 in NH, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities who were not working but actively looking for work was 11.5 percent.
  • In 2012 in NH, the percentage of working-age people without disabilities who were not working but actively looking for work was 24.4 percent.
  • The difference in the percentage not working but actively looking for work between working-age people with and without disabilities was 12.9 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest percentage of not working but actively looking for work was for people with a "Cognitive Disability," 15.9 percent. The lowest percentage was for people with a "Ambulatory Disability," 3.8 percent.

Percentage who are not working but actively looking for work among non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) in New Hampshire in 2012

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 24.4 2.88 28,600 3,830 117,000 1,194
Any Disability 11.5 3.31 5,600 1,710 48,700 491
Visual 15.0 12.64 600 570 4,200 46
Hearing 11.0 8.93 700 610 6,400 67
Ambulatory 3.8 2.69 1,000 720 26,500 277
Cognitive 15.9 5.27 4,000 1,450 25,300 264
Self-Care 6.4 5.48 700 590 10,500 104
Independent Living 5.9 3.67 1,300 820 21,600 218

Full-Time / Full-Year Employment

Introduction

This section presents the percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities working full-time/full-year in New Hampshire, using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2012, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities working full-time/full-year in NH was 19.9 percent.
  • In 2012, the percentage of working-age people without disabilities working full-time/full-year in NH was 61.8 percent.
  • The difference in the percentage working full-time/full-year between working-age people with and without disabilities was 41.9 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest full-time/full-year employment rate was for people with "Hearing Disability," 40.4 percent. The lowest full-time/full-year employment rate was for people with "Independent Living Disability," 6.2 percent.

Full-Time/Full-Year employment of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by disability status in New Hampshire in 2012

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 61.8 1.32 438,500 12,400 709,300 7,003
Any Disability 19.9 3.28 15,500 2,840 77,800 778
Visual 31.5 11.31 2,800 1,210 8,900 85
Hearing 40.4 9.06 6,200 1,800 15,400 156
Ambulatory 14.8 4.25 5,400 1,690 36,600 373
Cognitive 8.6 3.51 2,900 1,230 33,400 350
Self-Care 9.4 5.78 1,300 810 13,400 127
Independent Living 6.2 3.38 1,600 930 26,700 264

Annual Earnings (Full-Time / Full-Year workers)

Introduction

This section examines the median annual earnings of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities who work full-time/full-year in New Hampshire, using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2012, the median earnings of working-age people with disabilities who worked full-time/full-year in NH was $39,500.
  • In 2012, the median earnings of working-age people without disabilities who worked full-time/full-year in NH was $49,500.
  • The difference in the median earnings between working-age people with and without disabilities who worked full-time/full-year was $10,000.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest annual earnings was for people with "Visual Disability," $44,900. The lowest annual earnings was for people with "Hearing Disability," $34,300.

Caution: Estimate based on small sample size (less than 40 individuals).

Median annual earnings of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) who work full-time/full-year by disability status in New Hampshire in 2012

Disability Type Median Earnings MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability $49,500 $1,570 438,000 4,254
Any Disability $39,500 $6,970 15,000 164
Visual $44,900 $18,040 3,000 22
Hearing $34,300 $8,170 6,000 61
Ambulatory $35,400 $10,430 5,000 56
Cognitive $42,400 $12,930 3,000 37
Self-Care $40,400 $37,760 1,000 12
Independent Living $40,400 $23,480 2,000 20

Caution: Estimate based on small sample size (less than 40 individuals).

Annual Household Income

Introduction

This section illustrates the median annual income* of households that include any working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities in New Hampshire, using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2012, the median income of households that include any working-age people with disabilities in NH was $48,000.
  • In 2012, the median income of households that do not include any working-age people with disabilities in NH was $76,400.
  • The difference in the median income between households including and not including working-age people with disabilities was $28,400.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest median income was for households including persons with a "Hearing Disability," $56,600. The lowest median income was for households containing persons with a "Cognitive Disability" $34,800.

* Note: Household income is not available for persons living in group quarters.

Median annual income* of households including any working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by disability status in New Hampshire in 2012

Disability Type Median H.H. Income MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability $76,400 $3,020 360,000 3,576
Any Disability $48,000 5,510 65,000 647
Visual $52,600 18,850 8,000 83
Hearing $56,600 11,030 15,000 153
Ambulatory $42,600 7,310 32,000 320
Cognitive $34,800 7,360 28,000 281
Self-Care $36,800 11,320 12,000 109
Independent Living $43,400 8,320 23,000 226

* Note: Household income is not available for persons living in group quarters.

Poverty

Introduction

This section examines the poverty rates* of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities in New Hampshire, using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2012, the poverty rate of working-age people with disabilities in NH was 24.2 percent.
  • In 2012, the poverty rate of working-age people without disabilities in NH was 6.7 percent.
  • The difference in the poverty rate between working-age people with and without disabilities was 17.5 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest poverty rate was for people with "Cognitive Disability," 31.1 percent. The lowest poverty rate was for people with "Hearing Disability," 14.1 percent.

* Note: The Census Bureau does not calculate poverty status for those people living in military group quarters or college dormitories.

Poverty rates* of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by disability status in New Hampshire in 2012

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 6.7 0.83 47,000 5,920 703,500 6,900
Any Disability 24.2 4.27 18,800 3,790 77,800 778
Visual 23.8 12.59 2,100 1,280 8,900 85
Hearing 14.1 7.80 2,200 1,290 15,400 156
Ambulatory 24.4 6.24 8,900 2,620 36,600 373
Cognitive 31.1 7.04 10,400 2,830 33,400 350
Self-Care 29.4 10.97 3,900 1,740 13,400 127
Independent Living 27.0 7.56 7,200 2,360 26,700 264

* Note: The Census Bureau does not calculate poverty status for those people living in military group quarters or college dormitories.

Supplemental Security Income (SSI)

Introduction

This section focuses on the percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities who receive Supplemental Security Income (SSI) payments in New Hampshire, using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary. Please note that these results will differ from official Social Security Administration reports for several reasons. For additional information, please email DisabilityStatistics@cornell.edu.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2012, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities receiving Supplemental Security Income payments in NH was 21.4 percent.
  • In 2012, the number of working-age people with disabilities receiving Supplemental Security Income payments in NH was 16,700.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest percentage that received SSI was people with "Independent Living Disability," 31.4 percent. The lowest percentage that received SSI was people with "Hearing Disability," 12.7 percent.

Percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities who receive Supplemental Security Income (SSI) payments in New Hampshire in 2012

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
Any Disability 21.4 3.37 16,700 2,940 77,800 778
Visual 25.5 10.62 2,300 1,090 8,900 85
Hearing 12.7 6.15 2,000 1,010 15,400 156
Ambulatory 22.9 5.03 8,400 2,090 36,600 373
Cognitive 28.7 5.67 9,600 2,240 33,400 350
Self-Care 30.6 9.13 4,100 1,460 13,400 127
Independent Living 31.4 6.50 8,400 2,090 26,700 264

Education

High School Diploma/Equivalent

Introduction

This section explores the percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities with only a high school diploma or equivalent in New Hampshire, using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2012, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities with only a high school diploma or equivalent in NH was 35.7 percent.
  • In 2012, the percentage of working-age people without disabilities with only a high school diploma or equivalent in NH was 26.6 percent.
  • The difference in the percentage with only a high school diploma or equivalent between working-age people with and without disabilities was 9.1 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest percentage with only a high school diploma or equivalent was for people with "Independent Living Disability," 40.1 percent. The lowest percentage with only a high school diploma or equivalent was for people with "Visual Disability," 23.6 percent.

Percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with only a high school diploma or equivalent by disability status in NH in 2012

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 26.6 1.20 188,600 9,210 709,300 7,003
Any Disability 35.7 3.94 27,800 3,780 77,800 778
Visual 23.6 10.34 2,100 1,050 8,900 85
Hearing 33.7 8.73 5,200 1,650 15,400 156
Ambulatory 33.9 5.67 12,400 2,540 36,600 373
Cognitive 38.1 6.09 12,700 2,570 33,400 350
Self-Care 37.9 9.62 5,100 1,630 13,400 127
Independent Living 40.1 6.87 10,700 2,360 26,700 264

Education

Some College/Associate's Degree

Introduction

This section examines the percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities with only some college or an Associate's degree in New Hampshire, using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2012, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities with only some college or an Associate's degree in NH was 33.3 percent.
  • In 2012, the percentage of working-age people without disabilities with only some college or an Associate's degree in NH was 29.7 percent.
  • The difference in the percentage with only some college or an Associate's degree between working-age people with and without disabilities was -3.6 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest percentage with only some college or an Associate's degree was for people with "Visual Disability," 42.3 percent. The lowest percentage with only some college or Associate's degree was for people with "Cognitive Disability," 29.6 percent.

Percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with only some college or an Associate's degree by disability status in New Hampshire in 2012

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 29.7 1.24 210,300 9,640 709,300 7,003
Any Disability 33.3 3.87 25,900 3,650 77,800 778
Visual 42.3 12.03 3,700 1,400 8,900 85
Hearing 37.9 8.96 5,800 1,750 15,400 156
Ambulatory 39.8 5.86 14,600 2,750 36,600 373
Cognitive 29.6 5.72 9,900 2,270 33,400 350
Self-Care 32.9 9.31 4,400 1,520 13,400 127
Independent Living 33.6 6.62 9,000 2,160 26,700 264

Education

Bachelor's Degree or More

Introduction

This section presents the percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities with a Bachelor's degree or more in New Hampshire, using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2012, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities with a Bachelor's degree or more in NH was 15.5 percent.
  • In 2012, the percentage of working-age people without disabilities with a Bachelor's degree or more in NH was 38.1 percent.
  • The difference in the percentage with a Bachelor's degree or more between working-age people with and without disabilities was 22.6 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest percentage with a Bachelor's degree or more was for people with "Hearing Disability," 17.8 percent. The lowest percentage with a Bachelor's degree or more was for people with "Self-Care Disability," 10.6 percent.

Percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with a Bachelor's degree or more by disability status in New Hampshire in 2012

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 38.1 1.32 270,000 10,620 709,300 7,003
Any Disability 15.5 2.97 12,100 2,510 77,800 778
Visual 11.8 7.86 1,000 740 8,900 85
Hearing 17.8 7.06 2,700 1,200 15,400 156
Ambulatory 10.8 3.72 3,900 1,440 36,600 373
Cognitive 12.7 4.17 4,200 1,490 33,400 350
Self-Care 10.6 6.10 1,400 860 13,400 127
Independent Living 12.9 4.70 3,500 1,340 26,700 264

Veterans Service-Connected Disability Rating

Introduction

This section presents the percentage of non-institutionalized working-age (ages 21 to 64) civilian veterans reporting a service-connected disability rating in New Hampshire. The 2008 American Community Survey (ACS) asks if the veteran has a service-connected disability, and if so, what their rating is (0-100%). A "service-connected" disability is one that has been determined by the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) as being a result of disease or injury incurred or aggravated during military service. Note that a veteran can receive disability compensation for a wide range of conditions, and a veteran with a service-connected disability may not report having one of the six ACS functional or activity limitation disabilities. For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2012, there were 55,600 working-age civilian veterans in NH, of whom 10,000 had a VA service-connected disability.
  • In 2012, the percentage of working-age civilian veterans in NH with a VA service-connected disability was 18.0 percent.
  • In 2012, 2,100 working-age civilian veterans in NH had the most severe service-connected disability rating (70 percent or above).
  • In 2012, 20.8 percent of the working-age civilian veterans in NH who had a service connected disability had a service-connected disability rating of 70 percent or above.

Disability rating of working-age civilian veterans (ages 21 to 64) with a service-connected disability in New Hampshire in 2012

Service–Connected Disability Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
Has a service-connected disability rating (0-100%) 18.0 3.73 10,000 2,290 55,600 564
Disability rating of veterans with a service connected-disability
0 percent 5.8 5.35 600 550 10,000 95
10 or 20 percent 27.3 10.19 2,700 1,200 10,000 95
30 or 40 percent 24.0 9.77 2,400 1,120 10,000 95
50 or 60 percent 8.0 6.21 800 650 10,000 95
70 percent or higher 20.8 9.28 2,100 1,050 10,000 95
Rating not reported 14.0 7.94 1,400 860 10,000 95

Health Insurance Coverage

Introduction

This section examines the health insurance coverage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities in New Hampshire, using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2012, 83.6 percent of working-age people with disabilities in NH had some type of health insurance coverage.
  • In 2012, 84.2 percent of working-age people without disabilities in NH had some type of health insurance coverage.
  • The difference in the health insurance coverage rate between working-age people with and without disabilities was 0.6 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest health insurance coverage rate was for people with "Independent Living Disability," 87.9 percent. The lowest health insurance coverage rate was for people with "Self-Care Disability," 79.7 percent.

Health Insurance Coverage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by disability status in New Hampshire in 2012

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 84.2 1.06 597,200 14,040 709,300 7,003
Any Disability 83.6 3.26 65,000 6,100 77,800 778
Visual 81.3 10.17 7,200 2,080 8,900 85
Hearing 86.5 6.76 13,300 2,820 15,400 156
Ambulatory 87.0 4.31 31,900 4,330 36,600 373
Cognitive 81.9 5.17 27,400 4,020 33,400 350
Self-Care 79.7 8.54 10,700 2,520 13,400 127
Independent Living 87.9 4.90 23,500 3,730 26,700 264

Type of Health Insurance Coverage

Introduction

This section examines the type of health insurance coverage for non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities in New Hampshire, using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS). Note that people can report more than one type of insurance coverage. For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2012, 39.6 percent of working-age people with disabilities in NH reported health insurance coverage through a current or former employer or union (theirs or another family member).
  • In 2012, 74.3 percent of working-age people without disabilities in NH reported health insurance coverage through a current or former employer or union (theirs or another family member).
  • In 2012, 9.6 percent of working-age people with disabilities in NH reported purchasing health insurance coverage directly from an insurance company (by themselves or another family member).
  • In 2012, 27.8 percent of working-age people with disabilities in NH reported Medicare coverage and 29.6 percent reported Medicaid coverage (or other government-assistance plan for those with low incomes or a disability).

Type of Health Insurance Coverage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by disability status in New Hampshire in 2012

Disability Status/ Insurance Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
Any Disability
Uninsured 16.4 3.26 12,700 2,760 77,800 778
Employer/Union 39.6 4.31 30,800 4,260 77,800 778
Purchased 9.6 2.59 7,500 2,120 77,800 778
Medicare 27.8 3.94 21,600 3,580 77,800 778
Medicaid 29.6 4.02 23,000 3,690 77,800 778
Military/VA 7.9 2.37 6,100 1,920 77,800 778
Indian Health Service 0.1 3.29 100 400 77,800 778
No Disability
Uninsured 15.8 1.06 112,100 7,860 709,300 7,003
Employer/Union 74.3 1.27 527,200 13,820 709,300 7,003
Purchased 7.2 0.75 51,300 5,450 709,300 7,003
Medicare 1.4 3.29 10,200 2,470 709,300 7,003
Medicaid 3.5 0.54 25,000 3,850 709,300 7,003
Military/VA 2.6 0.46 18,300 3,300 709,300 7,003
Indian Health Service 0.0 3.29 200 400 709,300 7,003

Glossary

Actively Looking for Work

A person is defined as ACTIVELY looking for work if he or she reports looking for work during the last four weeks.

Ambulatory Disability

This disability type is based on the question (asked of persons ages 5 or older): Does this person have serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs?

Base Population (Base Pop.)

The estimated number of individuals upon which the calculation is based. (For percentages, this is the denominator).

Cognitive Disability

This disability type is based on the question (asked of persons ages 5 or older): Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions?

Disability and Disability Types

The ACS definition of disability is based on six questions. A person is coded as having a disability if he or she or a proxy respondent answers affirmatively for one or more of these six categories.

  • Hearing Disability (asked of all ages): Is this person deaf or does he/she have serious difficulty hearing?
  • Visual Disability (asked of all ages): Is this person blind or does he/she have serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses?
  • Cognitive Disability (asked of persons ages 5 or older): Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions?
  • Ambulatory Disability (asked of persons ages 5 or older): Does this person have serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs?
  • Self-care Disability (asked of persons ages 5 or older): Does this person have difficulty dressing or bathing?
  • Independent Living Disability (asked of persons ages 15 or older): Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor’s office or shopping?

Earnings

Earnings are defined as wages, salary, commissions, bonuses, or tips from all jobs including self-employment income (NET income after business expenses) from own nonfarm businesses or farm businesses, including proprietorships and partnerships.

Education

Our definition is based on the responses to the question: "What is the highest degree or level of school this person has completed? If currently enrolled, mark the previous grade or highest degree received." Our category "high school diploma/equivalent" includes those marking the ACS option "Regular high school diploma — GED or alternative credential." Our category "Some college/Associate's degree" includes those marking the ACS options: some college credit, but less than 1 year of college credit; one or more years of college credit but no degree, or "Associate's degree (for example: AA, AS)." Our category "a Bachelor's or more" includes those marking the ACS options: "Bachelor's degree (for example: BA, BS)"; "Master's degree (for example: MA, MS, MEng, MEd, MSW, MBA)"; "Professional degree (for example: MD, DDS, DVM, LLB, JD)"; or "Doctorate degree (for example: PhD, EdD)." Note in 2008 changes were made to some of the response categories and the layout of this question.

Employment

A person is considered employed if he or she is either

  1. “at work”: those who did any work at all during the reference week as a paid employee (worked in his or her own business or profession, worked on his or her own farm, or worked 15 or more hours as an unpaid worker on a family farm or business) or
  2. were “with a job but not at work,” : had a job but temporarily did not work at that job during the reference week due to illness, bad weather, industrial dispute, vacation or other personal reasons. The reference week is defined as the week preceding the date the questionnaire was completed.

Full-Time/Full-Year Employment

A person is considered employed full-time/full-year if he or she worked 35 hours or more per week (full-time) and 50 or more weeks per year (full-year). The reference period is defined as the year preceding the date the questionnaire was completed. Note: this does not signify whether a person is eligible for fringe benefits. The question and response categories regarding weeks worked per year was changed in 2008.

Group Quarters (GQ)

A GQ is a place where people live or stay that is normally owned or managed by an entity or organization providing housing and/or services for the residents. These services may include custodial or medical care as well as other types of assistance, and residency is commonly restricted to those receiving these services. People living in group quarters are usually not related to each other. Group quarters include such places as college residence halls, residential treatment centers, skilled nursing facilities, group homes, military barracks, correctional facilities, and workers' dormitories. See the definitions of institutional GQs and non-institutional GQs for more information. In addition, a description of the types of group quarters included in the 2008 ACS is located on the U.S. Census Bureau's Web site at www.census.gov/acs/www/Downloads/
2008_ACS_GQ_Definitions.pdf
.

Health Insurance Coverage

Is based on the following question: Is this person CURRENTLY covered by any of the following types of health insurance or health coverage plans? Mark "Yes" or "No" for EACH type of coverage in items a – h.

  1. Insurance through a current or former employer or union (of this person or another family member)
  2. Insurance purchased directly from an insurance company (by this person or another family member)
  3. Medicare, for people 65 and older, or people with certain disabilities
  4. Medicaid, Medical Assistance, or any kind of government-assistance plan for those with low incomes or a disability
  5. VA (including those who have ever used or enrolled for VA health care)
  6. TRICARE or other military health care
  7. Indian Health Service
  8. Any other type of health insurance or health coverage plan – Specify (Note: “Other type” were recoded into one of the categories a-g by the Census Bureau)

Hearing Disability

This disability type is based on the question (asked of all ages): Is this person deaf or does he/she have serious difficulty hearing?

Hispanic or Latino Origin

People of Hispanic or Latino origin are those who classify themselves in a specific Hispanic or Latino category in response to the question, "Is this person Spanish/Hispanic/Latino?" Specifically, those of Hispanic or Latino origin are those who are Cuban; Mexican, Mexican American, Chicano; Puerto Rican; or other Spanish/Hispanic/Latino. Origin may be the heritage, nationality group, lineage, or country of birth of the person or the person's parents or ancestors before their arrival in the United States. People who identify their origin as Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino may be of any race.

Household Income

Household Income is defined as the total income of a household including: wages, salary, commissions, bonuses, or tips from all jobs; self-employment income (NET income after business expenses) from own non-farm or farm businesses, including proprietorships and partnerships; interest, dividends, net rental income, royalty income, or income from real estates and trusts; Social Security or Railroad Retirement; Supplemental Security Income; any public assistance or welfare payments from the state or local welfare office; retirement, survivor or disability pensions; and any other regularly received income (e.g., Veterans' payments, unemployment compensation, child support or alimony). Median household income is calculated with the household as the unit of analysis, using household weights without adjusting for household size.

Independent Living Disability

This disability type is based on the question (asked of persons ages 15 or older): Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctors office or shopping?

Institutional Group Quarters (GQs)

Includes facilities for people under formally authorized, supervised care or custody at the time of enumeration. Generally, restricted to the institution, under the care or supervision of trained staff, and classified as "patients" or "inmates." Includes: correctional, nursing, and in-patient hospice facilities, psychiatric hospitals, juvenile group homes and residential treatment centers.

Margin of Error (MOE)

Data, such as data from the American Community Survey, is based on a sample, and therefore statistics derived from this data are subject to sampling variability. The margin of error (MOE) is a measure of the degree of sampling variability. In a random sample, the degree of sampling variation is determined by the underlying variability of the phenomena being estimated (e.g., income) and the size of the sample (i.e., the number of survey participants used to calculate the statistic). The smaller the margin of error, the lower the sampling variability and the more "precise" the estimate. A margin of error is the difference between an estimate and its upper or lower confidence bounds. Confidence bounds are calculated by adding the MOE to the estimate (upper bound) and subtracting the MOE from the estimate (lower bound). All margins of error in this report are based on a 90 percent confidence level. This means that there is a 90% certainty that the actual value lies somewhere between the upper and lower confidence bounds.

Non-Institutional Group Quarters (GQs)

Includes facilities that are not classified as institutional group quarters; such as college/university housing, group homes intended for adults, residential treatment facilities for adults, workers' group living quarters and Job Corps centers and religious group quarters.

Not Working but Actively Looking for Work

A person is defined as not working but actively looking for work if he or she reports not being employed, but has been looking for work during the last four weeks.

Number

This term appears in the tables; it refers to estimated number of people in the category. (for percentages, this is the numerator).

Poverty

The poverty measure is computed based upon the standards defined in Directive 14 from the Office of Management and Budget. These standards use poverty thresholds created in 1982 and index these thresholds to 2008 dollars using poverty factors based upon the Consumer Price Index. They use the family as the income sharing unit and family income is the sum of total income from each family member living in the household. The poverty threshold depends upon the size of the family; the age of the householder; and the number of related children under the age of 18.

Race

Race categories are based on the question, "[w]hat is this person's race? Mark (X) one or more races to indicate what this person considers himself/herself to be." Responses include the following: White; Black or African-American; American Indian or Alaska Native (print name of enrolled or principal tribe); Asian Indian; Chinese; Filipino; Japanese; Korean; Vietnamese; Other Asian (Print Race); Native Hawaiian; Guamanian or Chamarro; Samoan; Other Pacific Islander (Print Race Below); Some other race (print race below). "Other race" also contains people who report more than one race.

Sample Size

The number of survey participants used to calculate the statistic.

Self-care Disability

This disability type is based on the question (asked of persons ages 5 or older): 17c. Does this person have difficulty dressing or bathing?

Supplemental Security Income (SSI)

A person is defined as receiving SSI payments if he or she reports receiving (SSI) income in the 12 months prior to the survey.

Note: The Supplemental Security Income (SSI) does not apply to Puerto Rico. SSI is a federal cash assistance program that provides monthly payments to low-income aged, blind, or disabled persons in the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the Northern Mariana Islands.

Veteran Service-Connected Disability

A disease or injury determined to have occurred in or to have been aggravated by military service. A disability is evaluated according to the VA Schedule for Rating Disabilities in Title 38, CFR, and Part 4. Extent of disability is expressed as a percentage from 0% (for conditions that exist but are not disabling to a compensable degree) to 100%, in increments of 10%. This information was determined by the following two part question:

  1. Does this person have a VA service-connected disability rating?
    Yes (such as 0%, 10%, 20%, ... , 100%)
    No SKIP to question 28a
  2. What is this person’s service-connected disability rating?”
    Responses included: 0 percent; 10 or 20 percent; 30 or 40 percent; 50 or 60 percent; 70 percent or higher

Visual Disability

This disability type is based on the question:(asked of all ages): Is this person blind or does he/she have serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses?

About the Disability Status Reports

The Cornell University Disability Status Reports is produced and funded by the Yang Tan Institute at the Cornell University ILR School. This effort originated as a product of the Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Demographics and Statistics (StatsRRTC) funded to the Yang Tan Institute in the ILR School at Cornell University by the U.S. Department of Education, National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (grant No. H133B031111).

The contents of this report do not necessarily represent the policy of the Department of Education, and you should not assume endorsement by the Federal Government (Edgar, 75.620 (b)).

 

Contact Us

Yang Tan Institute
Cornell University
Ithaca, New York 14853
Phone: 607.255.7727
Email: disabilitystatistics@cornell.edu
Web: www.disabilitystatistics.org