2012 Disability Status Report: Oklahoma

Table of Contents

The 2012 Annual Disability Status Report

The Annual Disability Status Reports provide policy makers, disability advocates, reporters, and the public with a summary of the most recent demographic and economic statistics on the non-institutionalized population with disabilities. They contain information on the population size and disability prevalence for various demographic subpopulations, as well as statistics related to employment, earnings, household income, veterans' service-connected disability and health insurance. Comparisons are made to people without disabilities and across disability types. Disability Status Reports and other statistics are available for the United States overall, each state, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico at www.disabilitystatistics.org.

The Status Reports primarily look at the working-age population because the employment gap between people with and without disabilities is a major focus of government programs and advocacy efforts. Employment is also a key factor in the social integration and economic self-sufficiency of working-age people with disabilities.

The information in this report is based on data from the US Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS) � a survey sent each year to a random sample of over 3.5 million households. For more information see the Census Bureau's ACS website http://www.census.gov/acs/www/ and our Guide to Disability Statistics from the American Community Survey (2008 Forward): http://disabilitystatistics.org/sources.cfm.

The estimates in these reports are based on responses from a sample of the population and may differ from actual population values because of sampling variability and other factors. Differences observed between the estimates for two or more groups may not be statistically significant.

http://www.census.gov/acs/www/Downloads/methodology/content_test/SummaryResultsACS2006ContentTest.pdf

 

Suggested Citation

Erickson, W. Lee, C., & von Schrader, S. (2014). 2012 Disability Status Report: Oklahoma. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Yang Tan Institute (YTI).

We would like to thank Sara VanLooy, Jason Criss, and Joe Williams for their assistance with editing and production of this document.

ACS Disability Questions

There is no single accepted definition of disability. Different definitions and disability questions may identify different populations with disabilities and result in larger or smaller estimates.

Below are the six questions used in the ACS to identify persons with disabilities. Note that the Census Bureau refers to each of the individual types as "difficulty" while in this report the term "disability" is used.

  • Hearing Disability (asked of all ages):
    • Is this person deaf or does he/she have serious difficulty hearing?
  • Visual Disability (asked of all ages):
    • Is this person blind or does he/she have serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses?
  • Cognitive Disability (asked of persons ages 5 or older):
    • Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions?
  • Ambulatory Disability (asked of persons ages 5 or older):
    • Does this person have serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs?
  • Self-Care Disability (asked of persons ages 5 or older):
    • Does this person have difficulty dressing or bathing?
  • Independent Living Disability (asked of persons ages 15 or older):
    • Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping?

Note:

  • The "Any Disability" category used in this report includes persons who reported one or more of the individual disability types.
  • Respondents could report more than one disability type.
  • Some disability questions were not asked of children.
  • A separate set of survey questions identify veterans with service-connected disabilities. Based on a separate set of survey questions, this report includes estimates related to veterans' service-connected disability
    (see page 51).

 

Notes

Spanish Language Reports: Spanish language versions of the Annual Disability Status Reports for the US, all 50 states, Puerto Rico, and Washington D.C. can be downloaded at the same location as the English Status Reports. The Spanish translation was made possible through funding from the Northeast ADA Center and NIDRR.

Puerto Rico: A Puerto Rico Disability Status Report, based on the parallel 2012 Puerto Rico Community Survey (PRCS), is available again this year in English as well as Spanish. However, please note that the Puerto Rico sample is not included in any U.S. population estimates included in these reports.

Group Quarters: In 2006, the ACS began surveying the group quarters population. We include the non-institutionalized group quarters population, but due to small state level sample sizes exclude the institutionalized group quarters population (see glossary) in the Disability Status Reports.

Margin of Error (MOE): As in previous years' reports we provide the 90% MOE to better illustrate sampling variability. See the glossary entry for more information on this topic.

Glossary: As in previous years, we provide a comprehensive glossary at the back of this report defining the terms used in the Disability Status Report (see glossary).

Note: According to the Census Bureau, estimates based on the ACS Public Use Microdata Sample (PUMS) file such as those included in this report may differ slightly from the ACS summary tables produced by the Census Bureau, because they are subject to additional sampling error and further data processing operations. Please see http://www.disabilitystatistics.org/faq.cfm#Q4 for further information.

Oklahoma Summary

These statistics indicate the social and economic status of non-institutionalized people with disabilities in Oklahoma, using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS).

Age: In 2012, the prevalence of disability in OK was:

  • 15.1 percent for persons of all ages
  • 0.7 percent for persons ages 4 and under
  • 6.5 percent for persons ages 5 to 15
  • 6.7 percent for persons ages 16 to 20
  • 14.1 percent for persons ages 21 to 64
  • 30.9 percent for persons ages 65 to 74
  • 54.3 percent for persons ages 75+

Disability Type: In 2012, the prevalence of the six disability types among persons of all ages in OK was:

  • 3.0% reported a Visual Disability
  • 4.5% reported a Hearing Disability
  • 8.9% reported an Ambulatory Disability
  • 6.0% reported a Cognitive Disability
  • 2.9% reported a Self-Care Disability
  • 6.2% reported an Independent Living Disability

Gender: In 2012, 15.1 percent of females of all ages and 15.2 percent of males of all ages in OK reported a disability.

Hispanic/Latino: In 2012, the prevalence of disability among persons of all ages of Hispanic or Latino origin in OK was 7.8 percent.

Race: In OK in 2012, the prevalence of disability for working-age people (ages 21 to 64) was:

  • 13.6 percent among Whites
  • 17.7 percent among Black / African Americans
  • 3.5 percent among Asians
  • 17.8 percent among Native Americans
  • 15.1 percent among persons of some other race(s)

Employment: In 2012, the employment rate of working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities in OK was 34.2 percent.

Looking for Work: In OK in 2012, the percentage actively looking for work among people with disabilities who were not working was 8.3 percent.

Full-Time/Full-Year Employment: In OK in 2012, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities working full-time/full-year was 23.4 percent.

Annual Earnings: In 2012, the median annual earnings of working-age people with disabilities working full-time/full-year in OK was $31,300.

Annual Household Income: In OK in 2012, the median annual income of households with working-age people with disabilities was $33,300.

Poverty: In OK in 2012, the poverty rate of working-age people with disabilities was 28.9 percent.

Supplemental Security Income: In 2012, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities receiving SSI payments in OK was 18.6 percent.

Educational Attainment: In 2012, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities in OK:

  • with only a high school diploma or equivalent was 36.9 percent
  • with only some college or an associate degree was 32.5 percent
  • with a bachelor's degree or more was 11.8 percent.

Veterans Service-Connected Disability: In 2012, the percentage of working-age civilian veterans with a VA determined Service-Connected Disability was 24.6 percent in OK.

Health Insurance Coverage: In 2012 in OK, 79.9 percent of working-age people with disabilities had health insurance.

Prevalence: Ages 21 - 64

This summary lists percentages by state of non-institutionalized working-age (ages 21 to 64) people with disabilities using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS). The US disability prevalence rate for this population was 10.4%

Location 2012 (%) Location 2012 (%)
Alabama 15.5 Montana 10.7
Alaska 10.6 Nebraska 8.5
Arizona 10.1 Nevada 10.6
Arkansas 15.8 New Hampshire 9.9
California 8.1 New Jersey 7.9
Colorado 8.7 New Mexico 13.5
Connecticut 8.4 New York 8.6
Delaware 10.9 North Carolina 11.7
District of Columbia 9.8 North Dakota 8.6
Florida 10.3 Ohio 12.3
Georgia 10.9 Oklahoma 14.1
Hawaii 8.7 Oregon 12.1
Idaho 11.3 Pennsylvania 11.4
Illinois 8.7 Puerto Rico 19.1
Indiana 11.3 Rhode Island 10.6
Iowa 9.8 South Carolina 12.7
Kansas 11.2 South Dakota 10.2
Kentucky 15.8 Tennessee 13.9
Louisiana 14.0 Texas 10.4
Maine 13.7 Utah 8.7
Maryland 8.4 Vermont 11.2
Massachusetts 9.2 Virginia 8.7
Michigan 12.1 Washington 10.4
Minnesota 8.5 West Virginia 17.6
Mississippi 16.2 Wisconsin 9.5
Missouri 13.1 Wyoming 10.1

Employment: Ages 21 - 64

This summary lists employment rates by state of non-institutionalized working-age (ages 21 to 64) people with disabilities using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS). The employment rate in the US for this population was 33.5% for people with disabilities and 76.3% for people without disabilities.

Location People with Disabilities 2012 People without Disabilities 2012 Location People with Disabilities 2012 People without Disabilities 2012
Alabama 29.4 73.2 Montana 37.8 78.1
Alaska 42.3 76.8 Nebraska 43.6 84.5
Arizona 35.1 73.1 Nevada 36.1 74.6
Arkansas 32.3 75.2 New Hampshire 37.4 83.5
California 32.2 73.1 New Jersey 36.0 76.5
Colorado 42.0 79.6 New Mexico 34.7 73.3
Connecticut 40.2 78.8 New York 32.0 75.6
Delaware 35.5 78.7 North Carolina 30.8 75.3
District of Columbia 31.0 79.0 North Dakota 53.0 84.9
Florida 29.4 73.8 Ohio 32.9 77.2
Georgia 30.9 73.7 Oklahoma 34.2 77.9
Hawaii 38.6 78.7 Oregon 34.8 74.0
Idaho 40.8 76.5 Pennsylvania 33.1 77.7
Illinois 33.2 76.7 Puerto Rico 24.0 57.0
Indiana 34.9 77.8 Rhode Island 28.2 79.7
Iowa 42.1 83.5 South Carolina 27.7 74.7
Kansas 41.1 81.0 South Dakota 54.1 83.6
Kentucky 26.6 74.9 Tennessee 28.2 75.2
Louisiana 35.0 75.5 Texas 37.4 76.5
Maine 34.1 79.1 Utah 41.4 78.9
Maryland 42.1 80.1 Vermont 37.2 82.9
Massachusetts 33.0 79.6 Virginia 36.0 79.9
Michigan 27.6 73.1 Washington 36.9 76.8
Minnesota 42.7 83.4 West Virginia 24.5 72.9
Mississippi 26.4 73.4 Wisconsin 36.3 81.3
Missouri 32.7 78.3 Wyoming 43.9 80.8

Prevalence

All Ages

Introduction

This section addresses the prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people of all ages in Oklahoma, using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2012, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of people with a disability of all ages in OK was 15.1 percent.
  • In other words, in 2012, 568,400 of the 3,752,400 individuals of all ages in OK reported one or more disabilities.
  • In OK in 2012, among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest prevalence rate was for "Ambulatory Disability," 8.9 percent. The lowest prevalence rate was for "Self-Care Disability," 2.9 percent.

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people of all ages in Oklahoma in 2012*

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Any Disability 15.1 0.36 568,400 13,660 3,752,400 35,819
Visual 3.0 0.17 113,600 6,520 3,752,400 35,819
Hearing 4.5 0.21 169,800 7,910 3,752,400 35,819
Ambulatory 8.9 0.30 310,500 10,490 3,495,200 33,561
Cognitive 6.0 0.25 211,200 8,770 3,495,200 33,561
Self-Care 2.9 0.18 102,600 6,210 3,495,200 33,561
Independent Living 6.2 0.28 184,200 8,220 2,964,700 28,641

* Note: Children under the age of five were only asked about Vision and Hearing disabilities. The Independent Living disability question was only asked of persons aged 16 years old and older.

Prevalence

Ages 4 years and under

Introduction

This section focuses on the prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized children ages 4 and under in Oklahoma, using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS). Only the two sensory disability questions were asked of this population. For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2012, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of children with a visual and/or hearing disability ages 0 to 4 in OK was 0.7 percent.
  • In other words, in 2012, 1,900 of the 257,200 children ages 0 to 4 in OK reported one or more disabilities.
  • In OK in 2012, 0.5 percent reported a visual disability
  • In OK in 2012, 0.6 percent reported a hearing disability

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 4 and under in Oklahoma in 2012

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Any Disability 0.7 3.29 1,900 850 257,200 2,258
Visual 0.5 3.29 1,200 680 257,200 2,258
Hearing 0.6 3.29 1,500 750 257,200 2,258

Prevalence

Ages 5 to 15 years

Introduction

This section focuses on the prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized children ages 5 to 15 in Oklahoma, using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS)*. For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2012, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of children with a disability ages 5 to 15 in OK was 6.5 percent.
  • In other words, in 2012, 37,700 of the 581,000 individuals ages 5 to 15 in OK reported one or more disabilities.
  • In OK in 2012, among the five types of disabilities* identified in the ACS, the highest prevalence rate was for "Cognitive Disability," 4.7 percent. The lowest prevalence rate was for "Ambulatory Disability," 0.6 percent.

Prevalence of disability* among non-institutionalized people ages 5 to 15 in Oklahoma in 2012

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Any Disability 6.5 0.64 37,700 3,800 581,000 5,432
Visual 1.1 3.29 6,300 1,560 581,000 5,432
Hearing 0.7 3.29 4,100 1,260 581,000 5,432
Ambulatory 0.6 3.29 3,800 1,200 581,000 5,432
Cognitive 4.7 0.55 27,400 3,240 581,000 5,432
Self-Care 1.0 3.29 5,500 1,460 581,000 5,432

* Note: The "Independent Living Disability" question was not asked of children ages 15 years and younger.

Prevalence

Ages 16 to 20 years

Introduction

This section focuses on the prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 16 to 20 in Oklahoma, using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2012, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of people with a disability ages 16 to 20 in OK was 6.7 percent.
  • In other words, in 2012, 17,700 of the 261,700 individuals ages 16 to 20 in OK reported one or more disabilities.
  • In OK in 2012, among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest prevalence rate was for "Cognitive Disability," 4.2 percent. The lowest prevalence rate was for "Self-Care Disability," 0.6 percent.

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 16 to 20 in Oklahoma in 2012

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Any Disability 6.7 0.96 17,700 2,600 261,700 2,618
Visual 1.6 3.29 4,300 1,280 261,700 2,618
Hearing 1.2 3.29 3,100 1,090 261,700 2,618
Ambulatory 1.1 3.29 2,900 1,060 261,700 2,618
Cognitive 4.2 0.77 10,900 2,050 261,700 2,618
Self-Care 0.6 3.29 1,600 780 261,700 2,618
Independent Living 2.0 3.29 5,200 1,410 261,700 2,618

Prevalence

Ages 21 to 64 years

Introduction

This section focuses on the prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) in Oklahoma, using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2012, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of working age people (ages 21 to 64) with a disability in OK was 14.1 percent.
  • In other words, in 2012, 301,500 of the 2,137,400 individuals ages 21 to 64 in OK reported one or more disabilities.
  • In OK in 2012, among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest prevalence rate was for "Ambulatory Disability," 7.8 percent. The lowest prevalence rate was "Self-Care Disability," 2.4 percent.

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 21 to 64 in Oklahoma in 2012

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Any Disability 14.1 0.47 301,500 10,350 2,137,400 19,691
Visual 2.7 0.22 58,700 4,720 2,137,400 19,691
Hearing 3.2 0.23 67,500 5,060 2,137,400 19,691
Ambulatory 7.8 0.36 167,600 7,860 2,137,400 19,691
Cognitive 5.6 0.31 119,400 6,680 2,137,400 19,691
Self-Care 2.4 0.21 52,200 4,460 2,137,400 19,691
Independent Living 4.7 0.28 99,900 6,130 2,137,400 19,691

Prevalence

Ages 65 to 74 years

Introduction

This section explores the prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 65 to 74 in Oklahoma, using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2012, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of people with a disability ages 65 to 74 in OK was 30.9 percent.
  • In other words, in 2012, 92,700 of the 299,800 individuals ages 65 to 74 in OK reported one or more disabilities.
  • In OK in 2012, among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest prevalence rate was for "Ambulatory Disability," 20.2 percent. The lowest prevalence rate was for "Self-Care Disability," 5.0 percent.

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 65 to 74 in Oklahoma in 2012

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Any Disability 30.9 1.66 92,700 5,910 299,800 3,419
Visual 5.8 0.84 17,400 2,580 299,800 3,419
Hearing 11.8 1.16 35,400 3,680 299,800 3,419
Ambulatory 20.2 1.44 60,700 4,800 299,800 3,419
Cognitive 6.8 0.91 20,500 2,800 299,800 3,419
Self-Care 5.0 0.78 15,000 2,400 299,800 3,419
Independent Living 8.0 0.97 23,800 3,020 299,800 3,419

Prevalence

Ages 75 and Older

Introduction

This section focuses on the prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 75 and older in Oklahoma, using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2012, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of people with a disability ages 75 and older in OK was 54.3 percent.
  • In other words, in 2012, 116,900 of the 215,300 individuals ages 75 and older in OK reported one or more disabilities.
  • In OK in 2012, among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest prevalence rate was for "Ambulatory Disability," 35.1 percent. The lowest prevalence rate was for "Visual Disability," 11.9 percent.

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 75 and older in Oklahoma in 2012

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Any Disability 54.3 2.11 116,900 6,610 215,300 2,401
Visual 11.9 1.37 25,700 3,140 215,300 2,401
Hearing 27.0 1.88 58,100 4,700 215,300 2,401
Ambulatory 35.1 2.02 75,600 5,350 215,300 2,401
Cognitive 15.3 1.53 33,000 3,550 215,300 2,401
Self-Care 13.1 1.43 28,200 3,290 215,300 2,401
Independent Living 24.9 1.83 53,600 4,520 215,300 2,401

Prevalence

Gender and Age

Introduction

This section examines the prevalence of disability among people by gender and age group in Oklahoma, using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS)*. For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In OK in 2012, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of males with a disability of all ages was 15.2 percent.
  • In other words, in 2012, 281,300 of the 1,845,400 males of all ages in OK reported one or more disabilities.
  • In OK in 2012, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of females with a disability of all ages was 15.1 percent.
  • In other words, in 2012, 287,100 of the 1,907,000 females of all ages in OK reported one or more disabilities.

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people by gender and age group in Oklahoma in 2012

Gender & Age Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Males
Males: All Ages 15.2 0.52 281,300 10,030 1,845,400 17,410
Males: Ages 4 and under 0.6 3.29 700 530 127,900 1,090
Males: Ages 5-15 7.1 0.92 21,300 2,860 300,000 2,786
Males: Ages 16-20 7.8 1.43 10,600 2,020 135,900 1,338
Males: Ages 21-64 14.5 0.67 152,800 7,520 1,053,500 9,588
Males: Ages 65-74 33.2 2.48 46,400 4,200 139,500 1,614
Males: Ages 75+ 55.9 3.28 49,500 4,340 88,600 994
Females
Females: All Ages 15.1 0.51 287,100 10,120 1,907,000 18,409
Females: Ages 4 and under 0.9 3.29 1,100 660 129,300 1,168
Females: Ages 5-15 5.8 0.87 16,400 2,510 281,100 2,646
Females: Ages 16-20 5.6 1.28 7,100 1,650 125,800 1,280
Females: Ages 21-64 13.7 0.65 148,700 7,430 1,083,900 10,103
Females: Ages 65-74 28.9 2.22 46,300 4,200 160,200 1,805
Females: Ages 75+ 53.2 2.75 67,400 5,050 126,800 1,407

* Note: Children ages 0-4 were only asked about visual and hearing disabilities, children ages 5-15 were not asked the "Independent Living Disability" question.

Prevalence

Hispanic/Latino Origin and Age

Introduction

This section examines the prevalence of disability among people by Hispanic/Latino origin and age group in Oklahoma, using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS)*. For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In OK in 2012, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of disability among people of Hispanic/Latino origin of all ages was 7.8 percent.
  • In other words, in 2012, 27,500 of the 351,200 people of Hispanic/Latino origin of all ages in OK reported one or more disabilities.
  • In OK in 2012, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of disability among people of non-Hispanic/Latino origin of all ages was 15.9 percent.
  • In other words, in 2012, 540,900 of the 3,401,200 people of non-Hispanic/Latino origin of all ages in OK reported one or more disabilities.

* Note: Children ages 0-4 were only asked about visual and hearing disabilities, children age 5-15 were not asked the "Independent Living Disability" question.

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people by Hispanic / Latino origin and age group in Oklahoma in 2012

Hispanic/Latino Origin & Age Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Hispanic
Hispanic - All Ages 7.8 0.89 27,500 3,240 351,200 2,761
Hispanic - Ages 4 and under 1.6 3.29 700 510 42,200 324
Hispanic - Ages 5-15 5.4 1.50 4,700 1,340 86,900 735
Hispanic - Ages 16-20 8.2 3.04 2,600 1,000 31,500 272
Hispanic - Ages 21-64 8.1 1.26 14,600 2,370 180,200 1,336
Hispanic - Ages 65-74 43.1 11.66 3,000 1,080 7,000 62
Hispanic - Ages 75+ 55.5 16.41 2,000 870 3,500 32
Non-Hispanic
Non-Hispanic - All Ages 15.9 0.39 540,900 13,380 3,401,200 33,058
Non-Hispanic - Ages 4 and under 0.6 3.29 1,200 680 215,000 1,934
Non-Hispanic - Ages 5-15 6.7 0.70 33,100 3,560 494,100 4,697
Non-Hispanic - Ages 16-20 6.5 1.01 15,100 2,410 230,200 2,346
Non-Hispanic - Ages 21-64 14.7 0.50 286,900 10,120 1,957,300 18,355
Non-Hispanic - Ages 65-74 30.6 1.67 89,700 5,810 292,800 3,357
Non-Hispanic - Ages 75+ 54.3 2.13 114,900 6,560 211,800 2,369

* Note: Children ages 0-4 were only asked about visual and hearing disabilities, children ages 5-15 were not asked the "Independent Living Disability" question.
Caution: Estimate based on small sample size (less than 40 individuals).

Prevalence

Race

Introduction

This section presents the disability prevalence rate among non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by race category in OK, using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

In 2012, among working-age people in OK:

  • 13.6 percent of persons who were White reported a disability.
  • 17.7 percent of persons who were Black/African American reported a disability.
  • 17.8 percent of persons who were Native American reported a disability.
  • 3.5 percent of persons who were Asian reported a disability.
  • 15.1 percent of persons who were some other race(s) reported a disability.

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by race in Oklahoma in 2012

Race Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
White 13.6 0.53 218,800 8,920 1,610,000 14,681
Black/African American 17.7 1.91 27,200 3,230 153,800 1,104
Native American or
Alaska Native
17.8 1.93 27,100 3,220 152,300 1,785
Asian 3.5 1.73 1,500 760 43,000 326
Some other race(s) 15.1 1.66 26,900 3,210 178,400 1,795

Employment

Introduction

This section examines the employment rates of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities in Oklahoma, using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2012, the employment rate of working-age people with disabilities in OK was 34.2 percent.
  • In 2012, the employment rate of working-age people without disabilities in OK was 77.9 percent.
  • The gap between the employment rates of working-age people with and without disabilities was 43.7 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest employment rate was for people with a "Hearing Disability," 51.5 percent. The lowest employment rate was for people with a "Self-Care Disability," 14.0 percent.

Employment of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by disability status in Oklahoma in 2012

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 77.9 0.60 1,430,100 18,480 1,835,900 16,590
Any Disability 34.2 1.70 103,200 6,220 301,500 3,101
Visual 39.9 3.97 23,400 3,000 58,700 628
Hearing 51.5 3.78 34,800 3,650 67,500 742
Ambulatory 23.3 2.03 39,100 3,860 167,600 1,767
Cognitive 22.5 2.38 26,900 3,210 119,400 1,157
Self-Care 14.0 2.98 7,300 1,680 52,200 528
Independent Living 16.8 2.32 16,700 2,540 99,900 1,010

Not Working but Actively Looking for Work

Introduction

This section focuses on the percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities in Oklahoma who are not working but actively looking for work, using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2012 in OK, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities who were not working but actively looking for work was 8.3 percent.
  • In 2012 in OK, the percentage of working-age people without disabilities who were not working but actively looking for work was 18.2 percent.
  • The difference in the percentage not working but actively looking for work between working-age people with and without disabilities was 9.9 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest percentage of not working but actively looking for work was for people with a "Cognitive Disability," 8.5 percent. The lowest percentage was for people with a "Independent Living Disability," 4.1 percent.

Percentage who are not working but actively looking for work among non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) in Oklahoma in 2012

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 18.2 1.19 74,000 5,290 405,800 3,866
Any Disability 8.3 1.22 16,500 2,510 198,300 2,056
Visual 8.0 2.84 2,800 1,050 35,300 401
Hearing 6.6 2.70 2,100 910 32,700 367
Ambulatory 4.9 1.18 6,200 1,550 128,500 1,362
Cognitive 8.5 1.80 7,900 1,740 92,500 891
Self-Care 6.3 2.25 2,800 1,040 44,900 447
Independent Living 4.1 1.35 3,400 1,140 83,200 840

Full-Time / Full-Year Employment

Introduction

This section presents the percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities working full-time/full-year in Oklahoma, using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2012, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities working full-time/full-year in OK was 23.4 percent.
  • In 2012, the percentage of working-age people without disabilities working full-time/full-year in OK was 61.3 percent.
  • The difference in the percentage working full-time/full-year between working-age people with and without disabilities was 37.9 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest full-time/full-year employment rate was for people with "Hearing Disability," 39.1 percent. The lowest full-time/full-year employment rate was for people with "Independent Living Disability," 7.0 percent.

Full-Time/Full-Year employment of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by disability status in Oklahoma in 2012

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 61.3 0.71 1,125,100 17,490 1,835,900 16,590
Any Disability 23.4 1.51 70,600 5,170 301,500 3,101
Visual 26.0 3.56 15,200 2,420 58,700 628
Hearing 39.1 3.69 26,400 3,180 67,500 742
Ambulatory 16.6 1.79 27,900 3,270 167,600 1,767
Cognitive 12.2 1.86 14,600 2,370 119,400 1,157
Self-Care 8.2 2.36 4,300 1,280 52,200 528
Independent Living 7.0 1.59 7,000 1,640 99,900 1,010

Annual Earnings (Full-Time / Full-Year workers)

Introduction

This section examines the median annual earnings of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities who work full-time/full-year in Oklahoma, using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2012, the median earnings of working-age people with disabilities who worked full-time/full-year in OK was $31,300.
  • In 2012, the median earnings of working-age people without disabilities who worked full-time/full-year in OK was $36,800.
  • The difference in the median earnings between working-age people with and without disabilities who worked full-time/full-year was $5,500.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest annual earnings was for people with "Self-Care Disability," $40,400. The lowest annual earnings was for people with "Independent Living Disability," $30,100.

Median annual earnings of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) who work full-time/full-year by disability status in Oklahoma in 2012

Disability Type Median Earnings MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability $36,800 $650 1,125,000 10,006
Any Disability $31,300 $2,350 71,000 712
Visual $30,300 $5,240 15,000 156
Hearing $32,700 $3,570 26,000 284
Ambulatory $32,300 $3,090 28,000 272
Cognitive $30,300 $3,610 15,000 138
Self-Care $40,400 $9,880 4,000 44
Independent Living $30,100 $5,790 7,000 66

Annual Household Income

Introduction

This section illustrates the median annual income* of households that include any working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities in Oklahoma, using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2012, the median income of households that include any working-age people with disabilities in OK was $33,300.
  • In 2012, the median income of households that do not include any working-age people with disabilities in OK was $52,500.
  • The difference in the median income between households including and not including working-age people with disabilities was $19,200.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest median income was for households including persons with a "Hearing Disability," $40,400. The lowest median income was for households containing persons with a "Cognitive Disability" $28,700.

* Note: Household income is not available for persons living in group quarters.

Median annual income* of households including any working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by disability status in Oklahoma in 2012

Disability Type Median H.H. Income MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability $52,500 $1,480 937,000 8,784
Any Disability $33,300 2,380 237,000 2,569
Visual $33,800 4,870 48,000 562
Hearing $40,400 5,530 62,000 695
Ambulatory $30,000 2,980 140,000 1,554
Cognitive $28,700 3,170 95,000 984
Self-Care $30,100 5,220 44,000 477
Independent Living $29,000 3,610 83,000 896

* Note: Household income is not available for persons living in group quarters.

Poverty

Introduction

This section examines the poverty rates* of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities in Oklahoma, using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2012, the poverty rate of working-age people with disabilities in OK was 28.9 percent.
  • In 2012, the poverty rate of working-age people without disabilities in OK was 13.3 percent.
  • The difference in the poverty rate between working-age people with and without disabilities was 15.6 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest poverty rate was for people with "Cognitive Disability," 35.2 percent. The lowest poverty rate was for people with "Hearing Disability," 24.0 percent.

* Note: The Census Bureau does not calculate poverty status for those people living in military group quarters or college dormitories.

Poverty rates* of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by disability status in Oklahoma in 2012

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 13.3 0.70 242,500 13,260 1,825,800 16,425
Any Disability 28.9 2.30 86,900 8,110 300,900 3,090
Visual 28.9 5.22 16,900 3,610 58,500 624
Hearing 24.0 4.58 16,200 3,530 67,400 740
Ambulatory 32.5 3.19 54,400 6,440 167,300 1,763
Cognitive 35.2 3.85 41,800 5,660 118,900 1,150
Self-Care 32.0 5.69 16,700 3,580 52,000 525
Independent Living 32.4 4.12 32,300 4,980 99,700 1,007

* Note: The Census Bureau does not calculate poverty status for those people living in military group quarters or college dormitories.

Supplemental Security Income (SSI)

Introduction

This section focuses on the percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities who receive Supplemental Security Income (SSI) payments in Oklahoma, using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary. Please note that these results will differ from official Social Security Administration reports for several reasons. For additional information, please email DisabilityStatistics@cornell.edu.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2012, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities receiving Supplemental Security Income payments in OK was 18.6 percent.
  • In 2012, the number of working-age people with disabilities receiving Supplemental Security Income payments in OK was 56,200.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest percentage that received SSI was people with "Independent Living Disability," 27.4 percent. The lowest percentage that received SSI was people with "Hearing Disability," 12.2 percent.

Percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities who receive Supplemental Security Income (SSI) payments in Oklahoma in 2012

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
Any Disability 18.6 1.39 56,200 4,620 301,500 3,101
Visual 20.5 3.27 12,000 2,150 58,700 628
Hearing 12.2 2.47 8,300 1,780 67,500 742
Ambulatory 20.4 1.93 34,100 3,610 167,600 1,767
Cognitive 25.6 2.48 30,600 3,420 119,400 1,157
Self-Care 25.6 3.75 13,400 2,270 52,200 528
Independent Living 27.4 2.77 27,400 3,240 99,900 1,010

Education

High School Diploma/Equivalent

Introduction

This section explores the percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities with only a high school diploma or equivalent in Oklahoma, using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2012, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities with only a high school diploma or equivalent in OK was 36.9 percent.
  • In 2012, the percentage of working-age people without disabilities with only a high school diploma or equivalent in OK was 29.8 percent.
  • The difference in the percentage with only a high school diploma or equivalent between working-age people with and without disabilities was 7.1 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest percentage with only a high school diploma or equivalent was for people with "Cognitive Disability," 40.1 percent. The lowest percentage with only a high school diploma or equivalent was for people with "Visual Disability," 36.8 percent.

Percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with only a high school diploma or equivalent by disability status in OK in 2012

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 29.8 0.66 546,200 13,440 1,835,900 16,590
Any Disability 36.9 1.73 111,300 6,460 301,500 3,101
Visual 36.8 3.91 21,600 2,880 58,700 628
Hearing 37.2 3.65 25,100 3,100 67,500 742
Ambulatory 36.8 2.31 61,600 4,830 167,600 1,767
Cognitive 40.1 2.79 47,900 4,270 119,400 1,157
Self-Care 37.7 4.17 19,700 2,750 52,200 528
Independent Living 39.9 3.04 39,800 3,900 99,900 1,010

Education

Some College/Associate's Degree

Introduction

This section examines the percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities with only some college or an Associate's degree in Oklahoma, using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2012, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities with only some college or an Associate's degree in OK was 32.5 percent.
  • In 2012, the percentage of working-age people without disabilities with only some college or an Associate's degree in OK was 33.9 percent.
  • The difference in the percentage with only some college or an Associate's degree between working-age people with and without disabilities was 1.4 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest percentage with only some college or an Associate's degree was for people with "Hearing Disability," 34.8 percent. The lowest percentage with only some college or Associate's degree was for people with "Independent Living Disability," 28.2 percent.

Percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with only some college or an Associate's degree by disability status in Oklahoma in 2012

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 33.9 0.69 622,500 14,180 1,835,900 16,590
Any Disability 32.5 1.68 98,100 6,070 301,500 3,101
Visual 31.9 3.78 18,700 2,680 58,700 628
Hearing 34.8 3.60 23,500 3,000 67,500 742
Ambulatory 32.5 2.25 54,500 4,550 167,600 1,767
Cognitive 28.6 2.57 34,200 3,620 119,400 1,157
Self-Care 29.9 3.93 15,600 2,450 52,200 528
Independent Living 28.2 2.80 28,100 3,280 99,900 1,010

Education

Bachelor's Degree or More

Introduction

This section presents the percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities with a Bachelor's degree or more in Oklahoma, using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2012, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities with a Bachelor's degree or more in OK was 11.8 percent.
  • In 2012, the percentage of working-age people without disabilities with a Bachelor's degree or more in OK was 25.9 percent.
  • The difference in the percentage with a Bachelor's degree or more between working-age people with and without disabilities was 14.1 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest percentage with a Bachelor's degree or more was for people with "Hearing Disability," 13.9 percent. The lowest percentage with a Bachelor's degree or more was for people with "Cognitive Disability," 9.6 percent.

Percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with a Bachelor's degree or more by disability status in Oklahoma in 2012

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 25.9 0.64 476,300 12,680 1,835,900 16,590
Any Disability 11.8 1.15 35,500 3,680 301,500 3,101
Visual 9.8 2.41 5,700 1,490 58,700 628
Hearing 13.9 2.62 9,400 1,900 67,500 742
Ambulatory 11.0 1.50 18,500 2,670 167,600 1,767
Cognitive 9.6 1.67 11,500 2,100 119,400 1,157
Self-Care 13.7 2.96 7,100 1,660 52,200 528
Independent Living 11.2 1.96 11,200 2,080 99,900 1,010

Veterans Service-Connected Disability Rating

Introduction

This section presents the percentage of non-institutionalized working-age (ages 21 to 64) civilian veterans reporting a service-connected disability rating in Oklahoma. The 2008 American Community Survey (ACS) asks if the veteran has a service-connected disability, and if so, what their rating is (0-100%). A "service-connected" disability is one that has been determined by the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) as being a result of disease or injury incurred or aggravated during military service. Note that a veteran can receive disability compensation for a wide range of conditions, and a veteran with a service-connected disability may not report having one of the six ACS functional or activity limitation disabilities. For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2012, there were 172,100 working-age civilian veterans in OK, of whom 42,300 had a VA service-connected disability.
  • In 2012, the percentage of working-age civilian veterans in OK with a VA service-connected disability was 24.6 percent.
  • In 2012, 14,600 working-age civilian veterans in OK had the most severe service-connected disability rating (70 percent or above).
  • In 2012, 34.6 percent of the working-age civilian veterans in OK who had a service connected disability had a service-connected disability rating of 70 percent or above.

Disability rating of working-age civilian veterans (ages 21 to 64) with a service-connected disability in Oklahoma in 2012

Service�Connected Disability Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
Has a service-connected disability rating (0-100%) 24.6 2.04 42,300 4,020 172,100 1,591
Disability rating of veterans with a service connected-disability
0 percent 4.3 1.94 1,800 830 42,300 404
10 or 20 percent 29.3 4.35 12,400 2,180 42,300 404
30 or 40 percent 14.5 3.36 6,100 1,540 42,300 404
50 or 60 percent 11.9 3.09 5,000 1,390 42,300 404
70 percent or higher 34.6 4.54 14,600 2,370 42,300 404
Rating not reported 5.5 2.18 2,300 940 42,300 404

Health Insurance Coverage

Introduction

This section examines the health insurance coverage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities in Oklahoma, using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2012, 79.9 percent of working-age people with disabilities in OK had some type of health insurance coverage.
  • In 2012, 74.0 percent of working-age people without disabilities in OK had some type of health insurance coverage.
  • The difference in the health insurance coverage rate between working-age people with and without disabilities was 5.9 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest health insurance coverage rate was for people with "Self-Care Disability," 86.5 percent. The lowest health insurance coverage rate was for people with "Visual Disability," 75.1 percent.

Health Insurance Coverage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by disability status in Oklahoma in 2012

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 74.0 0.69 1,357,900 19,900 1,835,900 16,590
Any Disability 79.9 1.55 241,000 10,110 301,500 3,101
Visual 75.1 3.80 44,100 4,440 58,700 628
Hearing 81.0 3.21 54,700 4,940 67,500 742
Ambulatory 82.1 1.99 137,600 7,750 167,600 1,767
Cognitive 81.6 2.39 97,400 6,550 119,400 1,157
Self-Care 86.5 3.18 45,200 4,490 52,200 528
Independent Living 84.7 2.42 84,600 6,120 99,900 1,010

Type of Health Insurance Coverage

Introduction

This section examines the type of health insurance coverage for non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities in Oklahoma, using data from the 2012 American Community Survey (ACS). Note that people can report more than one type of insurance coverage. For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2012, 33.0 percent of working-age people with disabilities in OK reported health insurance coverage through a current or former employer or union (theirs or another family member).
  • In 2012, 60.4 percent of working-age people without disabilities in OK reported health insurance coverage through a current or former employer or union (theirs or another family member).
  • In 2012, 8.3 percent of working-age people with disabilities in OK reported purchasing health insurance coverage directly from an insurance company (by themselves or another family member).
  • In 2012, 25.6 percent of working-age people with disabilities in OK reported Medicare coverage and 27.6 percent reported Medicaid coverage (or other government-assistance plan for those with low incomes or a disability).

Type of Health Insurance Coverage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by disability status in Oklahoma in 2012

Disability Status/ Insurance Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
Any Disability
Uninsured 20.1 1.55 60,500 5,190 301,500 3,101
Employer/Union 33.0 1.82 99,500 6,620 301,500 3,101
Purchased 8.3 1.07 25,000 3,360 301,500 3,101
Medicare 25.6 1.69 77,200 5,850 301,500 3,101
Medicaid 27.6 1.73 83,300 6,070 301,500 3,101
Military/VA 10.2 1.17 30,900 3,730 301,500 3,101
Indian Health Service 10.4 1.18 31,300 3,750 301,500 3,101
No Disability
Uninsured 26.0 0.69 478,000 13,760 1,835,900 16,590
Employer/Union 60.4 0.77 1,109,000 18,870 1,835,900 16,590
Purchased 9.0 0.45 164,500 8,440 1,835,900 16,590
Medicare 1.7 3.29 30,900 3,730 1,835,900 16,590
Medicaid 4.6 0.33 85,300 6,140 1,835,900 16,590
Military/VA 4.6 0.33 83,900 6,090 1,835,900 16,590
Indian Health Service 7.9 0.42 145,800 7,970 1,835,900 16,590

Glossary

Actively Looking for Work

A person is defined as ACTIVELY looking for work if he or she reports looking for work during the last four weeks.

Ambulatory Disability

This disability type is based on the question (asked of persons ages 5 or older): Does this person have serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs?

Base Population (Base Pop.)

The estimated number of individuals upon which the calculation is based. (For percentages, this is the denominator).

Cognitive Disability

This disability type is based on the question (asked of persons ages 5 or older): Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions?

Disability and Disability Types

The ACS definition of disability is based on six questions. A person is coded as having a disability if he or she or a proxy respondent answers affirmatively for one or more of these six categories.

  • Hearing Disability (asked of all ages): Is this person deaf or does he/she have serious difficulty hearing?
  • Visual Disability (asked of all ages): Is this person blind or does he/she have serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses?
  • Cognitive Disability (asked of persons ages 5 or older): Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions?
  • Ambulatory Disability (asked of persons ages 5 or older): Does this person have serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs?
  • Self-care Disability (asked of persons ages 5 or older): Does this person have difficulty dressing or bathing?
  • Independent Living Disability (asked of persons ages 15 or older): Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor’s office or shopping?

Earnings

Earnings are defined as wages, salary, commissions, bonuses, or tips from all jobs including self-employment income (NET income after business expenses) from own nonfarm businesses or farm businesses, including proprietorships and partnerships.

Education

Our definition is based on the responses to the question: "What is the highest degree or level of school this person has completed? If currently enrolled, mark the previous grade or highest degree received." Our category "high school diploma/equivalent" includes those marking the ACS option "Regular high school diploma — GED or alternative credential." Our category "Some college/Associate's degree" includes those marking the ACS options: some college credit, but less than 1 year of college credit; one or more years of college credit but no degree, or "Associate's degree (for example: AA, AS)." Our category "a Bachelor's or more" includes those marking the ACS options: "Bachelor's degree (for example: BA, BS)"; "Master's degree (for example: MA, MS, MEng, MEd, MSW, MBA)"; "Professional degree (for example: MD, DDS, DVM, LLB, JD)"; or "Doctorate degree (for example: PhD, EdD)." Note in 2008 changes were made to some of the response categories and the layout of this question.

Employment

A person is considered employed if he or she is either

  1. “at work”: those who did any work at all during the reference week as a paid employee (worked in his or her own business or profession, worked on his or her own farm, or worked 15 or more hours as an unpaid worker on a family farm or business) or
  2. were “with a job but not at work,” : had a job but temporarily did not work at that job during the reference week due to illness, bad weather, industrial dispute, vacation or other personal reasons. The reference week is defined as the week preceding the date the questionnaire was completed.

Full-Time/Full-Year Employment

A person is considered employed full-time/full-year if he or she worked 35 hours or more per week (full-time) and 50 or more weeks per year (full-year). The reference period is defined as the year preceding the date the questionnaire was completed. Note: this does not signify whether a person is eligible for fringe benefits. The question and response categories regarding weeks worked per year was changed in 2008.

Group Quarters (GQ)

A GQ is a place where people live or stay that is normally owned or managed by an entity or organization providing housing and/or services for the residents. These services may include custodial or medical care as well as other types of assistance, and residency is commonly restricted to those receiving these services. People living in group quarters are usually not related to each other. Group quarters include such places as college residence halls, residential treatment centers, skilled nursing facilities, group homes, military barracks, correctional facilities, and workers' dormitories. See the definitions of institutional GQs and non-institutional GQs for more information. In addition, a description of the types of group quarters included in the 2008 ACS is located on the U.S. Census Bureau's Web site at www.census.gov/acs/www/Downloads/
2008_ACS_GQ_Definitions.pdf
.

Health Insurance Coverage

Is based on the following question: Is this person CURRENTLY covered by any of the following types of health insurance or health coverage plans? Mark "Yes" or "No" for EACH type of coverage in items a – h.

  1. Insurance through a current or former employer or union (of this person or another family member)
  2. Insurance purchased directly from an insurance company (by this person or another family member)
  3. Medicare, for people 65 and older, or people with certain disabilities
  4. Medicaid, Medical Assistance, or any kind of government-assistance plan for those with low incomes or a disability
  5. VA (including those who have ever used or enrolled for VA health care)
  6. TRICARE or other military health care
  7. Indian Health Service
  8. Any other type of health insurance or health coverage plan – Specify (Note: “Other type” were recoded into one of the categories a-g by the Census Bureau)

Hearing Disability

This disability type is based on the question (asked of all ages): Is this person deaf or does he/she have serious difficulty hearing?

Hispanic or Latino Origin

People of Hispanic or Latino origin are those who classify themselves in a specific Hispanic or Latino category in response to the question, "Is this person Spanish/Hispanic/Latino?" Specifically, those of Hispanic or Latino origin are those who are Cuban; Mexican, Mexican American, Chicano; Puerto Rican; or other Spanish/Hispanic/Latino. Origin may be the heritage, nationality group, lineage, or country of birth of the person or the person's parents or ancestors before their arrival in the United States. People who identify their origin as Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino may be of any race.

Household Income

Household Income is defined as the total income of a household including: wages, salary, commissions, bonuses, or tips from all jobs; self-employment income (NET income after business expenses) from own non-farm or farm businesses, including proprietorships and partnerships; interest, dividends, net rental income, royalty income, or income from real estates and trusts; Social Security or Railroad Retirement; Supplemental Security Income; any public assistance or welfare payments from the state or local welfare office; retirement, survivor or disability pensions; and any other regularly received income (e.g., Veterans' payments, unemployment compensation, child support or alimony). Median household income is calculated with the household as the unit of analysis, using household weights without adjusting for household size.

Independent Living Disability

This disability type is based on the question (asked of persons ages 15 or older): Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctors office or shopping?

Institutional Group Quarters (GQs)

Includes facilities for people under formally authorized, supervised care or custody at the time of enumeration. Generally, restricted to the institution, under the care or supervision of trained staff, and classified as "patients" or "inmates." Includes: correctional, nursing, and in-patient hospice facilities, psychiatric hospitals, juvenile group homes and residential treatment centers.

Margin of Error (MOE)

Data, such as data from the American Community Survey, is based on a sample, and therefore statistics derived from this data are subject to sampling variability. The margin of error (MOE) is a measure of the degree of sampling variability. In a random sample, the degree of sampling variation is determined by the underlying variability of the phenomena being estimated (e.g., income) and the size of the sample (i.e., the number of survey participants used to calculate the statistic). The smaller the margin of error, the lower the sampling variability and the more "precise" the estimate. A margin of error is the difference between an estimate and its upper or lower confidence bounds. Confidence bounds are calculated by adding the MOE to the estimate (upper bound) and subtracting the MOE from the estimate (lower bound). All margins of error in this report are based on a 90 percent confidence level. This means that there is a 90% certainty that the actual value lies somewhere between the upper and lower confidence bounds.

Non-Institutional Group Quarters (GQs)

Includes facilities that are not classified as institutional group quarters; such as college/university housing, group homes intended for adults, residential treatment facilities for adults, workers' group living quarters and Job Corps centers and religious group quarters.

Not Working but Actively Looking for Work

A person is defined as not working but actively looking for work if he or she reports not being employed, but has been looking for work during the last four weeks.

Number

This term appears in the tables; it refers to estimated number of people in the category. (for percentages, this is the numerator).

Poverty

The poverty measure is computed based upon the standards defined in Directive 14 from the Office of Management and Budget. These standards use poverty thresholds created in 1982 and index these thresholds to 2008 dollars using poverty factors based upon the Consumer Price Index. They use the family as the income sharing unit and family income is the sum of total income from each family member living in the household. The poverty threshold depends upon the size of the family; the age of the householder; and the number of related children under the age of 18.

Race

Race categories are based on the question, "[w]hat is this person's race? Mark (X) one or more races to indicate what this person considers himself/herself to be." Responses include the following: White; Black or African-American; American Indian or Alaska Native (print name of enrolled or principal tribe); Asian Indian; Chinese; Filipino; Japanese; Korean; Vietnamese; Other Asian (Print Race); Native Hawaiian; Guamanian or Chamarro; Samoan; Other Pacific Islander (Print Race Below); Some other race (print race below). "Other race" also contains people who report more than one race.

Sample Size

The number of survey participants used to calculate the statistic.

Self-care Disability

This disability type is based on the question (asked of persons ages 5 or older): 17c. Does this person have difficulty dressing or bathing?

Supplemental Security Income (SSI)

A person is defined as receiving SSI payments if he or she reports receiving (SSI) income in the 12 months prior to the survey.

Note: The Supplemental Security Income (SSI) does not apply to Puerto Rico. SSI is a federal cash assistance program that provides monthly payments to low-income aged, blind, or disabled persons in the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the Northern Mariana Islands.

Veteran Service-Connected Disability

A disease or injury determined to have occurred in or to have been aggravated by military service. A disability is evaluated according to the VA Schedule for Rating Disabilities in Title 38, CFR, and Part 4. Extent of disability is expressed as a percentage from 0% (for conditions that exist but are not disabling to a compensable degree) to 100%, in increments of 10%. This information was determined by the following two part question:

  1. Does this person have a VA service-connected disability rating?
    Yes (such as 0%, 10%, 20%, ... , 100%)
    No SKIP to question 28a
  2. What is this person’s service-connected disability rating?”
    Responses included: 0 percent; 10 or 20 percent; 30 or 40 percent; 50 or 60 percent; 70 percent or higher

Visual Disability

This disability type is based on the question:(asked of all ages): Is this person blind or does he/she have serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses?

About the Disability Status Reports

The Cornell University Disability Status Reports is produced and funded by the Yang Tan Institute at the Cornell University ILR School. This effort originated as a product of the Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Demographics and Statistics (StatsRRTC) funded to the Yang Tan Institute in the ILR School at Cornell University by the U.S. Department of Education, National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (grant No. H133B031111).

The contents of this report do not necessarily represent the policy of the Department of Education, and you should not assume endorsement by the Federal Government (Edgar, 75.620 (b)).

 

Contact Us

Yang Tan Institute
Cornell University
Ithaca, New York 14853
Phone: 607.255.7727
Email: disabilitystatistics@cornell.edu
Web: www.disabilitystatistics.org