2017 Disability Status Report: New Jersey

Table of Contents

The 2017 Annual Disability Status Report

The Annual Disability Status Reports provide policy makers, disability advocates, reporters, and the public with a summary of the most recent demographic and economic statistics on the non-institutionalized population with disabilities. They contain information on the population size and disability prevalence for various demographic subpopulations, as well as statistics related to employment, earnings, household income, veterans' service-connected disability and health insurance. Comparisons are made to people without disabilities and across disability types. Disability Status Reports and other statistics are available for the United States overall, each state, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico at www.disabilitystatistics.org.

The Status Reports primarily look at the working-age population because the employment gap between people with and without disabilities is a major focus of government programs and advocacy efforts. Employment is also a key factor in the social integration and economic self-sufficiency of working-age people with disabilities.

The information in this report is based on data from the US Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS) - a survey sent each year to a random sample of over 3.5 million households. For more information see the Census Bureau's ACS website http://www.census.gov/acs/www/ and our Guide to Disability Statistics from the American Community Survey (2008 Forward): http://disabilitystatistics.org/sources.cfm.

The estimates in these reports are based on responses from a sample of the population and may differ from actual population values because of sampling variability and other factors. Differences observed between the estimates for two or more groups may not be statistically significant.

http://www.census.gov/people/disability/methodology/acs.html

 

Suggested Citation

Erickson, W. Lee, C., & von Schrader, S. (2019). 2017 Disability Status Report: New Jersey. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Yang Tan Institute on Employment and Disability (YTI).

We would like to thank Sara VanLooy, Jason Criss, and Joe Williams for their assistance with editing and production of this document.

ACS Disability Questions

There is no single accepted definition of disability. Different definitions and disability questions may identify different populations with disabilities and result in larger or smaller estimates.

Below are the six questions used in the ACS to identify persons with disabilities. Note that the Census Bureau refers to each of the individual types as "difficulty" while in this report the term "disability" is used.

  • Hearing Disability (asked of all ages):
    • Is this person deaf or does he/she have serious difficulty hearing?
  • Visual Disability (asked of all ages):
    • Is this person blind or does he/she have serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses?
  • Cognitive Disability (asked of persons ages 5 or older):
    • Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions?
  • Ambulatory Disability (asked of persons ages 5 or older):
    • Does this person have serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs?
  • Self-Care Disability (asked of persons ages 5 or older):
    • Does this person have difficulty dressing or bathing?
  • Independent Living Disability (asked of persons ages 15 or older):
    • Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping?

Note:

  • The "Any Disability" category used in this report includes persons who reported one or more of the individual disability types.
  • Respondents could report more than one disability type.
  • Some disability questions were not asked of children.
  • A separate set of survey questions identify veterans with service-connected disabilities. Based on a separate set of survey questions, this report includes estimates related to veterans' service-connected disability
    (see page 51).

 

Notes

Spanish Language Reports: Spanish language versions of the Annual Disability Status Reports for the US, all 50 states, Puerto Rico, and Washington D.C. can be downloaded at the same location as the English Status Reports. The Spanish translation was made possible through funding from the Northeast ADA Center and NIDILRR.

Puerto Rico: A Puerto Rico Disability Status Report, based on the parallel 2017 Puerto Rico Community Survey (PRCS), is available again this year in English as well as Spanish. However, please note that the Puerto Rico sample is not included in any U.S. population estimates included in these reports.

Group Quarters: In 2006, the ACS began surveying the group quarters population. We include the non-institutionalized group quarters population, but due to small state level sample sizes exclude the institutionalized group quarters population (see glossary) in the Disability Status Reports.

Margin of Error (MOE): As in previous years' reports we provide the 90% MOE to better illustrate sampling variability. See the glossary entry for more information on this topic.

Glossary: As in previous years, we provide a comprehensive glossary at the back of this report defining the terms used in the Disability Status Report (see glossary).

Note: According to the Census Bureau, estimates based on the ACS Public Use Microdata Sample (PUMS) file such as those included in this report may differ slightly from the ACS summary tables produced by the Census Bureau, because they are subject to additional sampling error and further data processing operations. Please see http://www.disabilitystatistics.org/faq.cfm#Q4 for further information.

New Jersey Summary

These statistics indicate the social and economic status of non-institutionalized people with disabilities in New Jersey, using data from the 2017 American Community Survey (ACS).

Age: In 2017, the prevalence of disability in NJ was:

  • 10.2 percent for persons of all ages
  • 0.8 percent for persons ages 4 and under
  • 4.6 percent for persons ages 5 to 15
  • 5.7 percent for persons ages 16 to 20
  • 7.9 percent for persons ages 21 to 64
  • 19.6 percent for persons ages 65 to 74
  • 43.3 percent for persons ages 75+

Disability Type: In 2017, the prevalence of the six disability types among persons of all ages in NJ was:

  • 1.9% reported a Visual Disability
  • 2.5% reported a Hearing Disability
  • 5.7% reported an Ambulatory Disability
  • 4.0% reported a Cognitive Disability
  • 2.3% reported a Self-Care Disability
  • 4.9% reported an Independent Living Disability

Gender: In 2017, 10.6 percent of females of all ages and 9.8 percent of males of all ages in NJ reported a disability.

Hispanic/Latino: In 2017, the prevalence of disability among persons of all ages of Hispanic or Latino origin in NJ was 8.4 percent.

Race: In NJ in 2017, the prevalence of disability for working-age people (ages 21 to 64) was:

  • 8.0 percent among Whites
  • 10.5 percent among Black / African Americans
  • 3.1 percent among Asians
  • 12.4 percent among Native Americans
  • 9.2 percent among persons of some other race(s)

Employment: In 2017, the employment rate of working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities in NJ was 39.2 percent.

Looking for Work: In NJ in 2017, the percentage actively looking for work among people with disabilities who were not working was 7.7 percent.

Full-Time/Full-Year Employment: In NJ in 2017, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities working full-time/full-year was 24.7 percent.

Annual Earnings: In 2017, the median annual earnings of working-age people with disabilities working full-time/full-year in NJ was $50,600.

Annual Household Income: In NJ in 2017, the median annual income of households with working-age people with disabilities was $61,000.

Poverty: In NJ in 2017, the poverty rate of working-age people with disabilities was 20.5 percent.

Supplemental Security Income: In 2017, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities receiving SSI payments in NJ was 17.7 percent.

Educational Attainment: In 2017, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities in NJ:

  • with only a high school diploma or equivalent was 36.5 percent
  • with only some college or an associate degree was 27.8 percent
  • with a bachelor's degree or more was 19.7 percent.

Veterans Service-Connected Disability: In 2017, the percentage of working-age civilian veterans with a VA determined Service-Connected Disability was 18.7 percent in NJ.

Health Insurance Coverage: In 2017 in NJ, 93.3 percent of working-age people with disabilities had health insurance.

Prevalence: Ages 21 - 64

This summary lists percentages by state of non-institutionalized working-age (ages 21 to 64) people with disabilities using data from the 2017 American Community Survey (ACS). The US disability prevalence rate for this population was 10.6%

Location 2017 (%) Location 2017 (%)
Alabama 14.9 Montana 11.2
Alaska 12.4 Nebraska 10.4
Arizona 10.7 Nevada 10.5
Arkansas 16.5 New Hampshire 10.0
California 8.3 New Jersey 7.9
Colorado 9.0 New Mexico 14.7
Connecticut 8.4 New York 9.1
Delaware 8.8 North Carolina 11.3
District of Columbia 11.3 North Dakota 7.7
Florida 10.5 Ohio 12.3
Georgia 10.7 Oklahoma 15.3
Hawaii 7.4 Oregon 11.6
Idaho 13.0 Pennsylvania 11.8
Illinois 9.0 Puerto Rico 17.9
Indiana 12.1 Rhode Island 11.8
Iowa 9.0 South Carolina 13.0
Kansas 11.5 South Dakota 9.0
Kentucky 16.7 Tennessee 13.7
Louisiana 13.3 Texas 9.7
Maine 14.1 Utah 8.7
Maryland 9.0 Vermont 12.0
Massachusetts 9.4 Virginia 9.7
Michigan 12.3 Washington 10.6
Minnesota 9.2 West Virginia 19.0
Mississippi 15.7 Wisconsin 9.6
Missouri 13.1 Wyoming 12.3

Employment: Ages 21 - 64

This summary lists employment rates by state of non-institutionalized working-age (ages 21 to 64) people with disabilities using data from the 2017 American Community Survey (ACS). The employment rate in the US for this population was 37.3% for people with disabilities and 79.4% for people without disabilities.

Location People with Disabilities 2017 People without Disabilities 2017 Location People with Disabilities 2017 People without Disabilities 2017
Alabama 27.0 74.9 Montana 43.8 81.8
Alaska 40.3 79.5 Nebraska 51.8 86.4
Arizona 36.9 77.2 Nevada 41.1 78.6
Arkansas 31.8 78.3 New Hampshire 45.0 85.1
California 36.8 77.3 New Jersey 39.2 80.9
Colorado 45.7 82.4 New Mexico 33.1 73.6
Connecticut 40.4 80.4 New York 34.9 78.8
Delaware 37.0 76.5 North Carolina 34.6 79.2
District of Columbia 44.8 81.9 North Dakota 56.1 85.3
Florida 34.2 77.6 Ohio 37.0 80.7
Georgia 34.9 78.4 Oklahoma 36.6 78.3
Hawaii 41.3 81.4 Oregon 37.0 79.8
Idaho 43.5 78.7 Pennsylvania 37.1 80.4
Illinois 38.8 79.7 Puerto Rico 23.7 57.1
Indiana 38.3 80.6 Rhode Island 42.1 81.8
Iowa 46.0 85.0 South Carolina 33.0 78.5
Kansas 46.1 82.7 South Dakota 53.2 85.1
Kentucky 30.9 78.0 Tennessee 34.5 79.4
Louisiana 34.3 75.2 Texas 40.2 78.3
Maine 32.9 81.9 Utah 49.4 81.1
Maryland 42.6 82.4 Vermont 45.9 81.5
Massachusetts 37.6 82.7 Virginia 41.3 81.8
Michigan 33.5 78.5 Washington 41.7 80.2
Minnesota 49.0 85.7 West Virginia 25.0 73.1
Mississippi 28.8 75.3 Wisconsin 40.5 84.3
Missouri 35.9 81.7 Wyoming 51.3 82.3

Prevalence

All Ages

Introduction

This section addresses the prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people of all ages in New Jersey, using data from the 2017 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2017, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of people with a disability of all ages in NJ was 10.2 percent.
  • In other words, in 2017, 912,300 of the 8,911,100 individuals of all ages in NJ reported one or more disabilities.
  • In NJ in 2017, among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest prevalence rate was for "Ambulatory Disability," 5.7 percent. The lowest prevalence rate was for "Visual Disability," 1.9 percent.

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people of all ages in New Jersey in 2017*

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Any Disability 10.2 0.23 912,300 20,750 8,911,100 86,617
Visual 1.9 3.29 167,300 9,290 8,911,100 86,617
Hearing 2.5 0.12 222,300 10,670 8,911,100 86,617
Ambulatory 5.7 0.18 478,700 15,430 8,394,600 82,318
Cognitive 4.0 0.16 336,300 13,040 8,394,600 82,318
Self-Care 2.3 0.12 196,200 10,040 8,394,600 82,318
Independent Living 4.9 0.18 357,900 13,430 7,286,100 72,072

* Note: Children under the age of five were only asked about Vision and Hearing disabilities. The Independent Living disability question was only asked of persons aged 16 years old and older.

Prevalence

Ages 4 years and under

Introduction

This section focuses on the prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized children ages 4 and under in New Jersey, using data from the 2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Only the two sensory disability questions were asked of this population. For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2017, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of children with a visual and/or hearing disability ages 0 to 4 in NJ was 0.8 percent.
  • In other words, in 2017, 4,000 of the 516,500 children ages 0 to 4 in NJ reported one or more disabilities.
  • In NJ in 2017, 0.4 percent reported a visual disability
  • In NJ in 2017, 0.5 percent reported a hearing disability

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 4 and under in New Jersey in 2017

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Any Disability 0.8 3.29 4,000 1,460 516,500 4,299
Visual 0.4 3.29 2,200 1,070 516,500 4,299
Hearing 0.5 3.29 2,500 1,150 516,500 4,299

Prevalence

Ages 5 to 15 years

Introduction

This section focuses on the prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized children ages 5 to 15 in New Jersey, using data from the 2017 American Community Survey (ACS)*. For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2017, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of children with a disability ages 5 to 15 in NJ was 4.6 percent.
  • In other words, in 2017, 55,600 of the 1,219,400 individuals ages 5 to 15 in NJ reported one or more disabilities.
  • In NJ in 2017, among the five types of disabilities* identified in the ACS, the highest prevalence rate was for "Cognitive Disability," 3.6 percent. The lowest prevalence rate was for "Hearing Disability," 0.4 percent.

Prevalence of disability* among non-institutionalized people ages 5 to 15 in New Jersey in 2017

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Any Disability 4.6 0.43 55,600 5,390 1,219,400 11,349
Visual 0.8 3.29 10,100 2,300 1,219,400 11,349
Hearing 0.4 3.29 4,600 1,550 1,219,400 11,349
Ambulatory 0.5 3.29 6,300 1,810 1,219,400 11,349
Cognitive 3.6 0.39 43,900 4,790 1,219,400 11,349
Self-Care 1.1 3.29 12,800 2,590 1,219,400 11,349

* Note: The "Independent Living Disability" question was not asked of children ages 15 years and younger.

Prevalence

Ages 16 to 20 years

Introduction

This section focuses on the prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 16 to 20 in New Jersey, using data from the 2017 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2017, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of people with a disability ages 16 to 20 in NJ was 5.7 percent.
  • In other words, in 2017, 32,400 of the 570,500 individuals ages 16 to 20 in NJ reported one or more disabilities.
  • In NJ in 2017, among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest prevalence rate was for "Cognitive Disability," 4.1 percent. The lowest prevalence rate was for "Hearing Disability," 0.5 percent.

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 16 to 20 in New Jersey in 2017

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Any Disability 5.7 0.70 32,400 4,120 570,500 5,368
Visual 0.9 3.29 5,200 1,660 570,500 5,368
Hearing 0.5 3.29 2,900 1,230 570,500 5,368
Ambulatory 0.8 3.29 4,700 1,570 570,500 5,368
Cognitive 4.1 0.60 23,400 3,500 570,500 5,368
Self-Care 0.8 3.29 4,800 1,590 570,500 5,368
Independent Living 2.6 0.48 14,600 2,770 570,500 5,368

Prevalence

Ages 21 to 64 years

Introduction

This section focuses on the prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) in New Jersey, using data from the 2017 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2017, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of working age people (ages 21 to 64) with a disability in NJ was 7.9 percent.
  • In other words, in 2017, 412,600 of the 5,228,300 individuals ages 21 to 64 in NJ reported one or more disabilities.
  • In NJ in 2017, among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest prevalence rate was for "Ambulatory Disability," 3.8 percent. The lowest prevalence rate was "Hearing Disability," 1.3 percent.

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 21 to 64 in New Jersey in 2017

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Any Disability 7.9 0.27 412,600 14,380 5,228,300 49,484
Visual 1.5 3.29 79,300 6,420 5,228,300 49,484
Hearing 1.3 3.29 66,500 5,890 5,228,300 49,484
Ambulatory 3.8 0.19 198,300 10,090 5,228,300 49,484
Cognitive 3.3 0.18 172,800 9,430 5,228,300 49,484
Self-Care 1.5 3.29 79,400 6,430 5,228,300 49,484
Independent Living 3.1 0.17 160,400 9,100 5,228,300 49,484

Prevalence

Ages 65 to 74 years

Introduction

This section explores the prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 65 to 74 in New Jersey, using data from the 2017 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2017, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of people with a disability ages 65 to 74 in NJ was 19.6 percent.
  • In other words, in 2017, 155,700 of the 794,800 individuals ages 65 to 74 in NJ reported one or more disabilities.
  • In NJ in 2017, among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest prevalence rate was for "Ambulatory Disability," 12.4 percent. The lowest prevalence rate was for "Visual Disability," 3.2 percent.

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 65 to 74 in New Jersey in 2017

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Any Disability 19.6 1.02 155,700 8,960 794,800 9,445
Visual 3.2 0.45 25,600 3,660 794,800 9,445
Hearing 5.3 0.58 42,300 4,700 794,800 9,445
Ambulatory 12.4 0.85 98,800 7,160 794,800 9,445
Cognitive 3.6 0.48 29,000 3,900 794,800 9,445
Self-Care 3.3 0.46 26,100 3,700 794,800 9,445
Independent Living 6.0 0.61 48,000 5,010 794,800 9,445

Prevalence

Ages 75 and Older

Introduction

This section focuses on the prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 75 and older in New Jersey, using data from the 2017 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2017, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of people with a disability ages 75 and older in NJ was 43.3 percent.
  • In other words, in 2017, 251,900 of the 581,600 individuals ages 75 and older in NJ reported one or more disabilities.
  • In NJ in 2017, among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest prevalence rate was for "Ambulatory Disability," 29.3 percent. The lowest prevalence rate was for "Visual Disability," 7.7 percent.

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 75 and older in New Jersey in 2017

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Any Disability 43.3 1.49 251,900 11,340 581,600 6,672
Visual 7.7 0.80 44,900 4,840 581,600 6,672
Hearing 17.8 1.15 103,600 7,330 581,600 6,672
Ambulatory 29.3 1.37 170,700 9,380 581,600 6,672
Cognitive 11.6 0.96 67,200 5,920 581,600 6,672
Self-Care 12.6 1.00 73,100 6,170 581,600 6,672
Independent Living 22.7 1.26 132,000 8,260 581,600 6,672

Prevalence

Gender and Age

Introduction

This section examines the prevalence of disability among people by gender and age group in New Jersey, using data from the 2017 American Community Survey (ACS)*. For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In NJ in 2017, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of males with a disability of all ages was 9.8 percent.
  • In other words, in 2017, 425,700 of the 4,336,200 males of all ages in NJ reported one or more disabilities.
  • In NJ in 2017, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of females with a disability of all ages was 10.6 percent.
  • In other words, in 2017, 486,600 of the 4,575,000 females of all ages in NJ reported one or more disabilities.

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people by gender and age group in New Jersey in 2017

Gender & Age Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Males
Males: All Ages 9.8 0.33 425,700 14,590 4,336,200 41,839
Males: Ages 4 and under 1.0 3.29 2,600 1,160 264,400 2,186
Males: Ages 5-15 5.8 0.68 36,400 4,360 622,500 5,859
Males: Ages 16-20 5.6 0.97 16,500 2,940 294,100 2,816
Males: Ages 21-64 8.1 0.39 207,800 10,320 2,561,100 23,861
Males: Ages 65-74 19.3 1.50 70,000 6,040 363,200 4,353
Males: Ages 75+ 40.1 2.34 92,500 6,930 230,900 2,764
Females
Females: All Ages 10.6 0.33 486,600 15,550 4,575,000 44,778
Females: Ages 4 and under 0.6 3.29 1,500 880 252,100 2,113
Females: Ages 5-15 3.2 0.52 19,200 3,170 596,900 5,490
Females: Ages 16-20 5.8 1.02 15,900 2,890 276,400 2,552
Females: Ages 21-64 7.7 0.37 204,900 10,250 2,667,200 25,623
Females: Ages 65-74 19.9 1.39 85,700 6,680 431,700 5,092
Females: Ages 75+ 45.5 1.93 159,400 9,070 350,700 3,908

* Note: Children ages 0-4 were only asked about visual and hearing disabilities, children ages 5-15 were not asked the "Independent Living Disability" question.

Prevalence

Hispanic/Latino Origin and Age

Introduction

This section examines the prevalence of disability among people by Hispanic/Latino origin and age group in New Jersey, using data from the 2017 American Community Survey (ACS)*. For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In NJ in 2017, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of disability among people of Hispanic/Latino origin of all ages was 8.4 percent.
  • In other words, in 2017, 153,800 of the 1,827,600 people of Hispanic/Latino origin of all ages in NJ reported one or more disabilities.
  • In NJ in 2017, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of disability among people of non-Hispanic/Latino origin of all ages was 10.7 percent.
  • In other words, in 2017, 758,500 of the 7,083,600 people of non-Hispanic/Latino origin of all ages in NJ reported one or more disabilities.

* Note: Children ages 0-4 were only asked about visual and hearing disabilities, children age 5-15 were not asked the "Independent Living Disability" question.

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people by Hispanic / Latino origin and age group in New Jersey in 2017

Hispanic/Latino Origin & Age Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Hispanic
Hispanic - All Ages 8.4 0.47 153,800 8,910 1,827,600 13,582
Hispanic - Ages 4 and under 1.4 3.29 2,200 1,080 153,900 944
Hispanic - Ages 5-15 5.9 0.95 18,800 3,140 320,700 2,401
Hispanic - Ages 16-20 5.7 1.43 8,000 2,040 138,700 1,065
Hispanic - Ages 21-64 7.6 0.59 82,100 6,540 1,075,200 8,000
Hispanic - Ages 65-74 23.6 3.32 20,400 3,270 86,200 736
Hispanic - Ages 75+ 42.4 4.92 22,400 3,430 52,900 436
Non-Hispanic
Non-Hispanic - All Ages 10.7 0.27 758,500 19,100 7,083,600 73,035
Non-Hispanic - Ages 4 and under 0.5 3.29 1,800 980 362,600 3,355
Non-Hispanic - Ages 5-15 4.1 0.48 36,800 4,390 898,700 8,948
Non-Hispanic - Ages 16-20 5.7 0.81 24,400 3,580 431,800 4,303
Non-Hispanic - Ages 21-64 8.0 0.30 330,600 12,930 4,153,100 41,484
Non-Hispanic - Ages 65-74 19.1 1.07 135,300 8,370 708,600 8,709
Non-Hispanic - Ages 75+ 43.4 1.56 229,500 10,840 528,700 6,236

* Note: Children ages 0-4 were only asked about visual and hearing disabilities, children ages 5-15 were not asked the "Independent Living Disability" question.

Prevalence

Race

Introduction

This section presents the disability prevalence rate among non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by race category in NJ, using data from the 2017 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

In 2017, among working-age people in NJ:

  • 8.0 percent of persons who were White reported a disability.
  • 10.5 percent of persons who were Black/African American reported a disability.
  • 12.4 percent of persons who were Native American reported a disability.
  • 3.1 percent of persons who were Asian reported a disability.
  • 9.2 percent of persons who were some other race(s) reported a disability.

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by race in New Jersey in 2017

Race Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
White 8.0 0.33 279,700 11,930 3,509,100 35,549
Black/African American 10.5 0.83 74,100 6,210 708,300 4,957
Native American or
Alaska Native
12.4 7.14 1,400 850 11,200 128
Asian 3.1 0.53 17,700 3,050 566,900 5,573
Some other race(s) 9.2 1.01 39,800 4,560 432,900 3,277

Employment

Introduction

This section examines the employment rates of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities in New Jersey, using data from the 2017 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2017, the employment rate of working-age people with disabilities in NJ was 39.2 percent.
  • In 2017, the employment rate of working-age people without disabilities in NJ was 80.9 percent.
  • The gap between the employment rates of working-age people with and without disabilities was 41.7 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest employment rate was for people with a "Hearing Disability," 54.7 percent. The lowest employment rate was for people with a "Self-Care Disability," 21.4 percent.

Employment of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by disability status in New Jersey in 2017

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 80.9 0.41 3,893,900 33,930 4,815,700 45,379
Any Disability 39.2 1.74 161,900 9,140 412,600 4,105
Visual 51.4 4.07 40,800 4,620 79,300 776
Hearing 54.7 4.42 36,400 4,360 66,500 675
Ambulatory 30.1 2.36 59,800 5,580 198,300 1,908
Cognitive 27.9 2.47 48,300 5,020 172,800 1,748
Self-Care 21.4 3.34 17,000 2,980 79,400 814
Independent Living 22.3 2.38 35,800 4,330 160,400 1,639

Not Working but Actively Looking for Work

Introduction

This section focuses on the percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities in New Jersey who are not working but actively looking for work, using data from the 2017 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2017 in NJ, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities who were not working but actively looking for work was 7.7 percent.
  • In 2017 in NJ, the percentage of working-age people without disabilities who were not working but actively looking for work was 20.1 percent.
  • The difference in the percentage not working but actively looking for work between working-age people with and without disabilities was 12.4 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest percentage of not working but actively looking for work was for people with a "Hearing Disability," 10.3 percent. The lowest percentage was for people with a "Self-Care Disability," 3.6 percent.

Percentage who are not working but actively looking for work among non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) in New Jersey in 2017

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 20.1 0.96 184,900 9,750 921,800 8,702
Any Disability 7.7 1.22 19,300 3,180 250,700 2,438
Visual 7.9 3.15 3,100 1,270 38,500 359
Hearing 10.3 4.01 3,100 1,280 30,100 291
Ambulatory 4.6 1.29 6,400 1,830 138,500 1,333
Cognitive 7.5 1.71 9,300 2,210 124,500 1,237
Self-Care 3.6 1.71 2,200 1,080 62,400 627
Independent Living 3.8 1.24 4,800 1,580 124,600 1,259

Full-Time / Full-Year Employment

Introduction

This section presents the percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities working full-time/full-year in New Jersey, using data from the 2017 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2017, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities working full-time/full-year in NJ was 24.7 percent.
  • In 2017, the percentage of working-age people without disabilities working full-time/full-year in NJ was 61.2 percent.
  • The difference in the percentage working full-time/full-year between working-age people with and without disabilities was 36.5 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest full-time/full-year employment rate was for people with "Hearing Disability," 38.4 percent. The lowest full-time/full-year employment rate was for people with "Independent Living Disability," 9.9 percent.

Full-Time/Full-Year employment of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by disability status in New Jersey in 2017

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 61.2 0.51 2,947,500 32,270 4,815,700 45,379
Any Disability 24.7 1.54 101,900 7,270 412,600 4,105
Visual 34.7 3.87 27,600 3,800 79,300 776
Hearing 38.4 4.32 25,600 3,660 66,500 675
Ambulatory 19.1 2.02 37,900 4,450 198,300 1,908
Cognitive 13.1 1.86 22,600 3,440 172,800 1,748
Self-Care 10.1 2.45 8,000 2,050 79,400 814
Independent Living 9.9 1.71 15,800 2,880 160,400 1,639

Annual Earnings (Full-Time / Full-Year workers)

Introduction

This section examines the median annual earnings of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities who work full-time/full-year in New Jersey, using data from the 2017 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2017, the median earnings of working-age people with disabilities who worked full-time/full-year in NJ was $50,600.
  • In 2017, the median earnings of working-age people without disabilities who worked full-time/full-year in NJ was $58,600.
  • The difference in the median earnings between working-age people with and without disabilities who worked full-time/full-year was $8,000.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest annual earnings was for people with "Hearing Disability," $57,600. The lowest annual earnings was for people with "Visual Disability," $45,500.

Median annual earnings of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) who work full-time/full-year by disability status in New Jersey in 2017

Disability Type Median Earnings MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability $58,600 $870 2,948,000 27,581
Any Disability $50,600 $3,890 102,000 1,031
Visual $45,500 $7,480 28,000 279
Hearing $57,600 $10,090 26,000 274
Ambulatory $50,600 $6,380 38,000 349
Cognitive $45,500 $8,920 23,000 222
Self-Care $50,600 $14,140 8,000 80
Independent Living $51,600 $9,870 16,000 151

Annual Household Income

Introduction

This section illustrates the median annual income* of households that include any working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities in New Jersey, using data from the 2017 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2017, the median income of households that include any working-age people with disabilities in NJ was $61,000.
  • In 2017, the median income of households that do not include any working-age people with disabilities in NJ was $96,100.
  • The difference in the median income between households including and not including working-age people with disabilities was $35,100.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest median income was for households including persons with a "Hearing Disability," $76,900. The lowest median income was for households containing persons with a "Self-Care Disability" $49,300.

* Note: Household income is not available for persons living in group quarters.

Median annual income* of households including any working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by disability status in New Jersey in 2017

Disability Type Median H.H. Income MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability $96,100 $1,990 2,256,000 22,324
Any Disability $61,000 4,520 330,000 3,361
Visual $58,600 10,150 66,000 654
Hearing $76,900 11,710 59,000 626
Ambulatory $50,600 5,550 172,000 1,663
Cognitive $51,000 6,350 131,000 1,347
Self-Care $49,300 8,420 64,000 616
Independent Living $54,300 6,540 127,000 1,282

* Note: Household income is not available for persons living in group quarters.

Poverty

Introduction

This section examines the poverty rates* of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities in New Jersey, using data from the 2017 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2017, the poverty rate of working-age people with disabilities in NJ was 20.5 percent.
  • In 2017, the poverty rate of working-age people without disabilities in NJ was 7.5 percent.
  • The difference in the poverty rate between working-age people with and without disabilities was 13 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest poverty rate was for people with "Self-Care Disability," 26.5 percent. The lowest poverty rate was for people with "Hearing Disability," 19.4 percent.

* Note: The Census Bureau does not calculate poverty status for those people living in military group quarters or college dormitories.

Poverty rates* of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by disability status in New Jersey in 2017

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 7.5 0.37 358,400 18,240 4,798,800 45,077
Any Disability 20.5 1.96 84,500 9,000 412,200 4,098
Visual 23.2 4.67 18,300 4,210 79,200 774
Hearing 19.4 4.77 12,900 3,530 66,500 675
Ambulatory 22.5 2.92 44,700 6,560 198,100 1,905
Cognitive 25.7 3.27 44,300 6,530 172,500 1,743
Self-Care 26.5 4.87 21,100 4,510 79,400 814
Independent Living 24.4 3.33 39,100 6,140 160,400 1,639

* Note: The Census Bureau does not calculate poverty status for those people living in military group quarters or college dormitories.

Supplemental Security Income (SSI)

Introduction

This section focuses on the percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities who receive Supplemental Security Income (SSI) payments in New Jersey, using data from the 2017 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary. Please note that these results will differ from official Social Security Administration reports for several reasons. For additional information, please email DisabilityStatistics@cornell.edu.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2017, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities receiving Supplemental Security Income payments in NJ was 17.7 percent.
  • In 2017, the number of working-age people with disabilities receiving Supplemental Security Income payments in NJ was 72,900.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest percentage that received SSI was people with "Self-Care Disability," 26.3 percent. The lowest percentage that received SSI was people with "Hearing Disability," 11.6 percent.

Percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities who receive Supplemental Security Income (SSI) payments in New Jersey in 2017

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
Any Disability 17.7 1.36 72,900 6,160 412,600 4,105
Visual 13.9 2.82 11,000 2,410 79,300 776
Hearing 11.6 2.85 7,700 2,010 66,500 675
Ambulatory 20.4 2.07 40,500 4,600 198,300 1,908
Cognitive 24.6 2.37 42,500 4,710 172,800 1,748
Self-Care 26.3 3.58 20,900 3,310 79,400 814
Independent Living 26.1 2.51 41,800 4,670 160,400 1,639

Education

High School Diploma/Equivalent

Introduction

This section explores the percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities with only a high school diploma or equivalent in New Jersey, using data from the 2017 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2017, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities with only a high school diploma or equivalent in NJ was 36.5 percent.
  • In 2017, the percentage of working-age people without disabilities with only a high school diploma or equivalent in NJ was 24.1 percent.
  • The difference in the percentage with only a high school diploma or equivalent between working-age people with and without disabilities was 12.4 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest percentage with only a high school diploma or equivalent was for people with "Cognitive Disability," 40.8 percent. The lowest percentage with only a high school diploma or equivalent was for people with "Visual Disability," 31.7 percent.

Percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with only a high school diploma or equivalent by disability status in NJ in 2017

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 24.1 0.45 1,162,300 23,050 4,815,700 45,379
Any Disability 36.5 1.72 150,600 8,820 412,600 4,105
Visual 31.7 3.79 25,200 3,630 79,300 776
Hearing 35.5 4.25 23,600 3,510 66,500 675
Ambulatory 37.6 2.49 74,600 6,230 198,300 1,908
Cognitive 40.8 2.71 70,500 6,060 172,800 1,748
Self-Care 35.8 3.90 28,400 3,860 79,400 814
Independent Living 38.7 2.79 62,000 5,690 160,400 1,639

Education

Some College/Associate's Degree

Introduction

This section examines the percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities with only some college or an Associate's degree in New Jersey, using data from the 2017 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2017, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities with only some college or an Associate's degree in NJ was 27.8 percent.
  • In 2017, the percentage of working-age people without disabilities with only some college or an Associate's degree in NJ was 25.6 percent.
  • The difference in the percentage with only some college or an Associate's degree between working-age people with and without disabilities was -2.2 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest percentage with only some college or an Associate's degree was for people with "Ambulatory Disability," 28.8 percent. The lowest percentage with only some college or Associate's degree was for people with "Cognitive Disability," 22.6 percent.

Percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with only some college or an Associate's degree by disability status in New Jersey in 2017

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 25.6 0.46 1,234,500 23,650 4,815,700 45,379
Any Disability 27.8 1.60 114,800 7,710 412,600 4,105
Visual 27.5 3.63 21,800 3,380 79,300 776
Hearing 28.0 3.99 18,600 3,120 66,500 675
Ambulatory 28.8 2.33 57,200 5,460 198,300 1,908
Cognitive 22.6 2.31 39,000 4,520 172,800 1,748
Self-Care 23.6 3.45 18,700 3,130 79,400 814
Independent Living 24.9 2.47 40,000 4,570 160,400 1,639

Education

Bachelor's Degree or More

Introduction

This section presents the percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities with a Bachelor's degree or more in New Jersey, using data from the 2017 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2017, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities with a Bachelor's degree or more in NJ was 19.7 percent.
  • In 2017, the percentage of working-age people without disabilities with a Bachelor's degree or more in NJ was 43.4 percent.
  • The difference in the percentage with a Bachelor's degree or more between working-age people with and without disabilities was 23.7 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest percentage with a Bachelor's degree or more was for people with "Visual Disability," 23.8 percent. The lowest percentage with a Bachelor's degree or more was for people with "Independent Living Disability," 14.6 percent.

Percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with a Bachelor's degree or more by disability status in New Jersey in 2017

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 43.4 0.52 2,088,900 29,020 4,815,700 45,379
Any Disability 19.7 1.42 81,200 6,500 412,600 4,105
Visual 23.8 3.47 18,900 3,150 79,300 776
Hearing 22.5 3.71 15,000 2,800 66,500 675
Ambulatory 16.6 1.91 33,000 4,150 198,300 1,908
Cognitive 15.3 1.98 26,400 3,720 172,800 1,748
Self-Care 15.8 2.97 12,600 2,570 79,400 814
Independent Living 14.6 2.02 23,500 3,510 160,400 1,639

Veterans Service-Connected Disability Rating

Introduction

This section presents the percentage of non-institutionalized working-age (ages 21 to 64) civilian veterans reporting a service-connected disability rating in New Jersey. The 2008 American Community Survey (ACS) asks if the veteran has a service-connected disability, and if so, what their rating is (0-100%). A "service-connected" disability is one that has been determined by the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) as being a result of disease or injury incurred or aggravated during military service. Note that a veteran can receive disability compensation for a wide range of conditions, and a veteran with a service-connected disability may not report having one of the six ACS functional or activity limitation disabilities. For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2017, there were 125,000 working-age civilian veterans in NJ, of whom 23,300 had a VA service-connected disability.
  • In 2017, the percentage of working-age civilian veterans in NJ with a VA service-connected disability was 18.7 percent.
  • In 2017, 7,800 working-age civilian veterans in NJ had the most severe service-connected disability rating (70 percent or above).
  • In 2017, 33.4 percent of the working-age civilian veterans in NJ who had a service connected disability had a service-connected disability rating of 70 percent or above.

Disability rating of working-age civilian veterans (ages 21 to 64) with a service-connected disability in New Jersey in 2017

Service-Connected Disability Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
Has a service-connected disability rating (0-100%) 18.7 2.53 23,300 3,500 125,000 1,250
Disability rating of veterans with a service connected-disability
0 percent 3.6 2.79 900 670 23,300 235
10 or 20 percent 25.1 6.50 5,900 1,750 23,300 235
30 or 40 percent 17.0 5.63 4,000 1,440 23,300 235
50 or 60 percent 14.5 5.28 3,400 1,330 23,300 235
70 percent or higher 33.4 7.07 7,800 2,020 23,300 235
Rating not reported 6.4 3.67 1,500 880 23,300 235

Health Insurance Coverage

Introduction

This section examines the health insurance coverage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities in New Jersey, using data from the 2017 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2017, 93.3 percent of working-age people with disabilities in NJ had some type of health insurance coverage.
  • In 2017, 88.8 percent of working-age people without disabilities in NJ had some type of health insurance coverage.
  • The difference in the health insurance coverage rate between working-age people with and without disabilities was 4.5 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest health insurance coverage rate was for people with "Self-Care Disability," 95.4 percent. The lowest health insurance coverage rate was for people with "Visual Disability," 91.6 percent.

Health Insurance Coverage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by disability status in New Jersey in 2017

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 88.8 0.42 4,276,000 44,150 4,815,700 45,379
Any Disability 93.3 1.15 384,900 17,880 412,600 4,105
Visual 91.6 2.90 72,600 7,910 79,300 776
Hearing 92.6 2.99 61,600 7,280 66,500 675
Ambulatory 94.3 1.53 187,000 12,610 198,300 1,908
Cognitive 92.1 1.91 159,100 11,650 172,800 1,748
Self-Care 95.4 2.19 75,700 8,070 79,400 814
Independent Living 94.4 1.69 151,400 11,370 160,400 1,639

Type of Health Insurance Coverage

Introduction

This section examines the type of health insurance coverage for non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities in New Jersey, using data from the 2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Note that people can report more than one type of insurance coverage. For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2017, 41.2 percent of working-age people with disabilities in NJ reported health insurance coverage through a current or former employer or union (theirs or another family member).
  • In 2017, 70.7 percent of working-age people without disabilities in NJ reported health insurance coverage through a current or former employer or union (theirs or another family member).
  • In 2017, 10.8 percent of working-age people with disabilities in NJ reported purchasing health insurance coverage directly from an insurance company (by themselves or another family member).
  • In 2017, 26.6 percent of working-age people with disabilities in NJ reported Medicare coverage and 40.8 percent reported Medicaid coverage (or other government-assistance plan for those with low incomes or a disability).

Type of Health Insurance Coverage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by disability status in New Jersey in 2017

Disability Status/ Insurance Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
Any Disability
Uninsured 6.7 1.15 27,800 4,900 412,600 4,105
Employer/Union 41.2 2.26 170,200 12,040 412,600 4,105
Purchased 10.8 1.42 44,500 6,200 412,600 4,105
Medicare 26.6 2.03 109,600 9,700 412,600 4,105
Medicaid 40.8 2.25 168,500 11,980 412,600 4,105
Military/VA 3.3 0.82 13,600 3,430 412,600 4,105
Indian Health Service 0.0 3.29 100 400 412,600 4,105
No Disability
Uninsured 11.2 0.42 539,700 20,990 4,815,700 45,379
Employer/Union 70.7 0.61 3,406,900 42,880 4,815,700 45,379
Purchased 9.6 0.40 463,700 19,540 4,815,700 45,379
Medicare 1.4 3.29 66,400 7,560 4,815,700 45,379
Medicaid 10.1 0.40 486,800 19,990 4,815,700 45,379
Military/VA 1.2 3.29 55,800 6,940 4,815,700 45,379
Indian Health Service 0.0 3.29 2,000 1,320 4,815,700 45,379

Glossary

Actively Looking for Work

A person is defined as ACTIVELY looking for work if he or she reports looking for work during the last four weeks.

Ambulatory Disability

This disability type is based on the question (asked of persons ages 5 or older): Does this person have serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs?

Base Population (Base Pop.)

The estimated number of individuals upon which the calculation is based. (For percentages, this is the denominator).

Cognitive Disability

This disability type is based on the question (asked of persons ages 5 or older): Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions?

Disability and Disability Types

The ACS definition of disability is based on six questions. A person is coded as having a disability if he or she or a proxy respondent answers affirmatively for one or more of these six categories.

  • Hearing Disability (asked of all ages): Is this person deaf or does he/she have serious difficulty hearing?
  • Visual Disability (asked of all ages): Is this person blind or does he/she have serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses?
  • Cognitive Disability (asked of persons ages 5 or older): Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions?
  • Ambulatory Disability (asked of persons ages 5 or older): Does this person have serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs?
  • Self-care Disability (asked of persons ages 5 or older): Does this person have difficulty dressing or bathing?
  • Independent Living Disability (asked of persons ages 15 or older): Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor’s office or shopping?

Earnings

Earnings are defined as wages, salary, commissions, bonuses, or tips from all jobs including self-employment income (NET income after business expenses) from own nonfarm businesses or farm businesses, including proprietorships and partnerships.

Education

Our definition is based on the responses to the question: "What is the highest degree or level of school this person has completed? If currently enrolled, mark the previous grade or highest degree received." Our category "high school diploma/equivalent" includes those marking the ACS option "Regular high school diploma — GED or alternative credential." Our category "Some college/Associate's degree" includes those marking the ACS options: some college credit, but less than 1 year of college credit; one or more years of college credit but no degree, or "Associate's degree (for example: AA, AS)." Our category "a Bachelor's or more" includes those marking the ACS options: "Bachelor's degree (for example: BA, BS)"; "Master's degree (for example: MA, MS, MEng, MEd, MSW, MBA)"; "Professional degree (for example: MD, DDS, DVM, LLB, JD)"; or "Doctorate degree (for example: PhD, EdD)." Note in 2008 changes were made to some of the response categories and the layout of this question.

Employment

A person is considered employed if he or she is either

  1. “at work”: those who did any work at all during the reference week as a paid employee (worked in his or her own business or profession, worked on his or her own farm, or worked 15 or more hours as an unpaid worker on a family farm or business) or
  2. “with a job but not at work”: had a job but temporarily did not work at that job during the reference week due to illness, bad weather, industrial dispute, vacation or other personal reasons. The reference week is defined as the week preceding the date the questionnaire was completed.

Employment Rate

The employment rate is calculated by dividing the number of persons employed by the number of persons in that population.

** Note that the unemployment rate cannot be calculated using the employment rate:

  • The employment rate is the percentage of all persons who have a job.
  • The unemployment rate is the percentage of persons in the labor force who do not have a job but are actively looking for work. The labor force includes people who have a job, are on layoff, or who actively searched for work in the last four weeks.

Please see http://www.disabilitystatistics.org/faq.cfm#Q6 for more information on unemployment rate calculation and its implications.

Full-Time/Full-Year Employment

A person is considered employed full-time/full-year if he or she worked 35 hours or more per week (full-time) and 50 or more weeks per year (full-year). The reference period is defined as the year preceding the date the questionnaire was completed. Note: this does not signify whether a person is eligible for fringe benefits. The question and response categories regarding weeks worked per year was changed in 2008.

Group Quarters (GQ)

A GQ is a place where people live or stay that is normally owned or managed by an entity or organization providing housing and/or services for the residents. These services may include custodial or medical care as well as other types of assistance, and residency is commonly restricted to those receiving these services. People living in group quarters are usually not related to each other. Group quarters include such places as college residence halls, residential treatment centers, skilled nursing facilities, group homes, military barracks, correctional facilities, and workers' dormitories. See the definitions of institutional GQs and non-institutional GQs for more information. In addition, a description of the types of group quarters included in the 2008 ACS is located on the U.S. Census Bureau's Web site at www.census.gov/acs/www/Downloads/
2008_ACS_GQ_Definitions.pdf
.

Health Insurance Coverage

Is based on the following question: Is this person CURRENTLY covered by any of the following types of health insurance or health coverage plans? Mark "Yes" or "No" for EACH type of coverage in items a – h.

  1. Insurance through a current or former employer or union (of this person or another family member)
  2. Insurance purchased directly from an insurance company (by this person or another family member)
  3. Medicare, for people 65 and older, or people with certain disabilities
  4. Medicaid, Medical Assistance, or any kind of government-assistance plan for those with low incomes or a disability
  5. VA (including those who have ever used or enrolled for VA health care)
  6. TRICARE or other military health care
  7. Indian Health Service
  8. Any other type of health insurance or health coverage plan – Specify (Note: “Other type” were recoded into one of the categories a-g by the Census Bureau)

Hearing Disability

This disability type is based on the question (asked of all ages): Is this person deaf or does he/she have serious difficulty hearing?

Hispanic or Latino Origin

People of Hispanic or Latino origin are those who classify themselves in a specific Hispanic or Latino category in response to the question, "Is this person Spanish/Hispanic/Latino?" Specifically, those of Hispanic or Latino origin are those who are Cuban; Mexican, Mexican American, Chicano; Puerto Rican; or other Spanish/Hispanic/Latino. Origin may be the heritage, nationality group, lineage, or country of birth of the person or the person's parents or ancestors before their arrival in the United States. People who identify their origin as Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino may be of any race.

Household Income

Household Income is defined as the total income of a household including: wages, salary, commissions, bonuses, or tips from all jobs; self-employment income (NET income after business expenses) from own non-farm or farm businesses, including proprietorships and partnerships; interest, dividends, net rental income, royalty income, or income from real estates and trusts; Social Security or Railroad Retirement; Supplemental Security Income; any public assistance or welfare payments from the state or local welfare office; retirement, survivor or disability pensions; and any other regularly received income (e.g., Veterans' payments, unemployment compensation, child support or alimony). Median household income is calculated with the household as the unit of analysis, using household weights without adjusting for household size.

Independent Living Disability

This disability type is based on the question (asked of persons ages 15 or older): Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctors office or shopping?

Institutional Group Quarters (GQs)

Includes facilities for people under formally authorized, supervised care or custody at the time of enumeration. Generally, restricted to the institution, under the care or supervision of trained staff, and classified as "patients" or "inmates." Includes: correctional, nursing, and in-patient hospice facilities, psychiatric hospitals, juvenile group homes and residential treatment centers.

Margin of Error (MOE)

Data, such as data from the American Community Survey, is based on a sample, and therefore statistics derived from this data are subject to sampling variability. The margin of error (MOE) is a measure of the degree of sampling variability. In a random sample, the degree of sampling variation is determined by the underlying variability of the phenomena being estimated (e.g., income) and the size of the sample (i.e., the number of survey participants used to calculate the statistic). The smaller the margin of error, the lower the sampling variability and the more "precise" the estimate. A margin of error is the difference between an estimate and its upper or lower confidence bounds. Confidence bounds are calculated by adding the MOE to the estimate (upper bound) and subtracting the MOE from the estimate (lower bound). All margins of error in this report are based on a 90 percent confidence level. This means that there is a 90% certainty that the actual value lies somewhere between the upper and lower confidence bounds.

Non-Institutional Group Quarters (GQs)

Includes facilities that are not classified as institutional group quarters; such as college/university housing, group homes intended for adults, residential treatment facilities for adults, workers' group living quarters and Job Corps centers and religious group quarters.

Not Working but Actively Looking for Work

A person is defined as not working but actively looking for work if he or she reports not being employed, but has been looking for work during the last four weeks.

Number

This term appears in the tables; it refers to estimated number of people in the category. (for percentages, this is the numerator).

Poverty

The poverty measure is computed based upon the standards defined in Directive 14 from the Office of Management and Budget. These standards use poverty thresholds created in 1982 and index these thresholds to 2008 dollars using poverty factors based upon the Consumer Price Index. They use the family as the income sharing unit and family income is the sum of total income from each family member living in the household. The poverty threshold depends upon the size of the family; the age of the householder; and the number of related children under the age of 18.

Race

Race categories are based on the question, "[w]hat is this person's race? Mark (X) one or more races to indicate what this person considers himself/herself to be." Responses include the following: White; Black or African-American; American Indian or Alaska Native (print name of enrolled or principal tribe); Asian Indian; Chinese; Filipino; Japanese; Korean; Vietnamese; Other Asian (Print Race); Native Hawaiian; Guamanian or Chamarro; Samoan; Other Pacific Islander (Print Race Below); Some other race (print race below). "Other race" also contains people who report more than one race.

Sample Size

The number of survey participants used to calculate the statistic.

Self-care Disability

This disability type is based on the question (asked of persons ages 5 or older): 17c. Does this person have difficulty dressing or bathing?

Supplemental Security Income (SSI)

A person is defined as receiving SSI payments if he or she reports receiving (SSI) income in the 12 months prior to the survey.

Note: The Supplemental Security Income (SSI) does not apply to Puerto Rico. SSI is a federal cash assistance program that provides monthly payments to low-income aged, blind, or disabled persons in the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the Northern Mariana Islands.

Veteran Service-Connected Disability

A disease or injury determined to have occurred in or to have been aggravated by military service. A disability is evaluated according to the VA Schedule for Rating Disabilities in Title 38, CFR, and Part 4. Extent of disability is expressed as a percentage from 0% (for conditions that exist but are not disabling to a compensable degree) to 100%, in increments of 10%. This information was determined by the following two part question:

  1. Does this person have a VA service-connected disability rating?
    Yes (such as 0%, 10%, 20%, ... , 100%)
    No SKIP to question 28a
  2. What is this person’s service-connected disability rating?”
    Responses included: 0 percent; 10 or 20 percent; 30 or 40 percent; 50 or 60 percent; 70 percent or higher

Visual Disability

This disability type is based on the question:(asked of all ages): Is this person blind or does he/she have serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses?

About the Disability Status Reports

The Cornell University Disability Status Reports is produced and funded by the Yang Tan Institute at the Cornell University ILR School. This effort originated as a product of the Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Demographics and Statistics (StatsRRTC) funded to the Yang Tan Institute in the ILR School at Cornell University by the U.S. Department of Education, National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (grant No. H133B031111).

The contents of this report do not necessarily represent the policy of the Department of Education, and you should not assume endorsement by the Federal Government (Edgar, 75.620 (b)).

 

Contact Us

K. Lisa Yang and Hock E. Tan
Institute on Employment and Disability
Cornell University
Ithaca, New York 14853
Phone: 607.255.7727
Email: disabilitystatistics@cornell.edu
Web: www.disabilitystatistics.org