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Rehabilitation Dataset Directory: Dataset Profile

Dataset: National Survey of Residential Care Facilities (NSRCF )

Basic Information
Dataset full name: National Survey of Residential Care Facilities
Dataset acronym NSRCF
Summary The NSRCF is a relatively new survey (2010) designed to produce national estimates of residential care facilities and the people who live there. It collects information regarding facility characteristics, resident demographics, health, functional status and activities as well as resident services and charges. The types of facilites include: assisted living residences; board and care homes; congregate care; enriched housing programs; homes for the aged; personal care homes; and shared housing establishments that are licensed, registered, listed, certified, or otherwise regulated by a state. Facilities that provide care exclusively for individuals with developmental disabilities and/or mental illness are not included in this survey.
Key Terms CDC, Aging, Assisted Living, Residential care, Survey, Statistics
Study Design Cross-sectional
Data Type(s) Survey
Sponsoring Agency/Entity Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), partners include the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE), the National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP), the National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (NCIRD), and the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) in the Department of Health and Human Services, and the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA).
Health conditions/Disability measures
Health condition(s) Alzheimer’s disease or other dementia, Anemia, Arthritis, Asthma, Cancer, Cerebral palsy, Chronic bronchitis, Congestive heart failure, COPD, Coronary heart disease, Depression, Diabetes, Emphysema, Glaucoma, Gout, lupus, or fibromyalgia, Heart attack (myocardial infarction), High blood pressure or hypertension, kidney disease, Macular degeneration, Muscular dystrophy, Nervous system disorders, Osteoporosis, Other mental, emotional or nervous condition, Partial or total paralysis, Serious mental problems such as schizophrenia or psychosis, Spinal cord injury, Stroke, Traumatic brain injury, Other kind of heart condition or heart disease, Hip Fracture
Disability Measures ADL and IADL measures of functional limitations, Visual disability, Hearing disability, Speech impairment, Communication difficulty, Intellectual or developmental disabilities, Physical functioning, Cognitive issues, Use of specific special equipment (i.e., wheelchair, walker, hearing aids)
Measures/outcomes of interest
Topics Facility characteristics including: physical structure and environment, types of services offered, types of staff employed, policies on admission, retention, and discharge Resident characteristics including: demographics, involvement in inside and outside activities, use of services, charges for care, health status, and cognitive and physical functioning.
Sample Population Regulated residential facilities with four or more beds serving an adult population which provide housing services such as room and board with at least two meals a day, 24 hour/7 day a week supervision, and help with personal care (e.g., bathing, dressing, or eating) or health-related services (e.g., medication management). Includes facilities that are licensed, registered, listed, certified, or otherwise regulated by the state ( e.g., Assisted Living Establishment, Facility, Program, Residence, Board and Care Home, Congregate Care, Family Care Home, Personal Care Home, Residential Care Home, Shared Housing Establishment)
Sample Size/Notes Participating Facilities: 2,302
Residents: 8,284
Unit of Observation Facility & Individual (Resident)
Geographic Coverage National
Geographic specificity National
Data Collection
Data Collection Mode Facility Data: In-person interviews with residential care administrators and caregivers and staffs. Resident characteristics data: Survey of 3-6 randomly selected residents per facility (number based on facility size). Residents were not interviewed, resident data was collected through interviews with facility director or other caretaker.
Years Collected 2010
Data Collection Frequency 2010 only (as of 2012)
Strengths and limitations
Strengths The sample is designed and weighted to produce national estimates of both the characteristics of residential care facilities and their residents. High response rate for both the facility interview (79%) and resident survey (98%).
Limitations All resident survey data is based on proxy responses provided by facility staff. Facilities licensed to serve the mentally ill or the developmentally disabled populations exclusively are excluded from the survey.
Data details
Primary Website
Data Access
Data Access Requirements Public Use Dataset
Summary Tables/reports
Dataset components (where applicable) Public Use Files (PUF):
Facility file
Resident file
Restricted data files for facilities and residents that contain additional information beyond the PUF file content can be applied for
Selected papers
Technical Survey documentation and methodology:
Other Papers CDC's NSRCF publication list:

Eunice Park-Lee, Christine Caffrey, Manisha Sengupta, Abigail J. Moss, Emily Rosenoff, Lauren D. Harris-Kojetin. Residential Care Facilities: A Key Sector in the Spectrum of Long-term Care Providers in the United States. NCHS Data Brief No. 78, December 2011

Moss AJ, Harris-Kojetin LD, Sengupta M, et al. Design and operation of the 2010 National Survey of Residential Care Facilities. National Center for Health Statistics. Vital Health Stat 1(54). 2011.

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