The Health and Retirement Study (HRS) is a nationally representative longitudinal panel survey conducted biennially. The study follows a cohort(s) of adults ages 50 years or older in the United States. The purpose of the HRS is to understand health shifts in older adults and demographic changes in labor force participation at the end of their service. It provides detailed information on demographic characteristics, income, work, assets, housing, pension plans, health insurance, disability, physical health and functioning, cognitive functioning, and health care expenditures. The original study began in 1992 and reinterviews the respondent and their spouse or partner every two years using an in-depth questionnaire.
A new cohort is added to the sample every six years.
In 1998, the original HRS was merged with Asset and Health Dynamics Among the Oldest-Old (AHEAD, born before 1923). In 1998, the HRS also included a Children of the Depression cohort (CODA, born 1923-1930) and a War Baby cohort (WB, born 1942-1947). In 2004, an Early Baby Boomer cohort (EBB, born 1948-1953) was added, a Mid Baby Boomers cohort (MBB, born 1954-1959) was added in 2010, and a Late Baby Boomers cohort (LBB, born 1960-1965) was added in 2016.
Off-year questionnaires are also submitted to a subset of HRS respondents. These include: the Consumption and Activities Mail Survey (originating in 2001), the Disability Vignette Survey (2007), the Health Care and Nutrition Study (2013), the Human Capital and Educational Expenses Mail Survey (2001), the Life History Mail Survey (2015), the Internet Survey (originating in 2003), and the Veterans Mail Survey (2013).View Full Profile