2010 Disability Status Report: North Dakota

Table of Contents

The 2010 Annual Disability Status Report

The Annual Disability Status Reports provide policy makers, disability advocates, reporters, and the public with a summary of the most recent demographic and economic statistics on the non-institutionalized population with disabilities. They contain information on the population size and disability prevalence for various demographic subpopulations, as well as statistics related to employment, earnings, household income, veterans' service-connected disability and health insurance. Comparisons are made to people without disabilities and across disability types. Disability Status Reports and other statistics are available for the United States overall, each state, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico at www.disabilitystatistics.org.

The Status Reports primarily look at the working-age population because the employment gap between people with and without disabilities is a major focus of government programs and advocacy efforts. Employment is also a key factor in the social integration and economic self-sufficiency of working-age people with disabilities.

The estimates in the 2010 Disability Status Reports are based on American Community Survey (ACS) data — a US Census Bureau survey that has replaced the Decennial Census long form. See the ACS User Guide on www.disabilitystatistics.org for additional information on the ACS.

The estimates in these reports are based on responses from a sample of the population and may differ from actual population values because of sampling variability and other factors. Differences observed between the estimates for two or more groups may not be statistically significant.

Finally, the 2010 Disability Status Report estimates should not be compared to estimates from any reports based on ACS data collected prior to 2008. In 2008, the US Census Bureau made a number of significant changes to the ACS. These changes included an entirely new set of disability questions as described on the following page. For a summary of all changes to the ACS 2008 survey see the following Census Bureau document:

http://www.census.gov/acs/www/Downloads/methodology/content_test/SummaryResultsACS2006ContentTest.pdf

 

Suggested Citation

Erickson, W. Lee, C., & von Schrader, S. (2012). 2010 Disability Status Report: North Dakota. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University K. Lisa Yang and Hock E. Tan
Institute on Employment and Disability (YTI).

We would like to thank Sara VanLooy, Jason Criss, and Joe Williams for their assistance with editing and production of this document.

ACS Disability Questions

The disability questions used in the ACS are listed below. Note that the Census Bureau refers to each of the individual types as "difficulty" while in this report the term "disability" is used.

  • Hearing Disability (asked of all ages):
    • Is this person deaf or does he/she have serious difficulty hearing?
  • Visual Disability (asked of all ages):
    • Is this person blind or does he/she have serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses?
  • Cognitive Disability (asked of persons ages 5 or older):
    • Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions?
  • Ambulatory Disability (asked of persons ages 5 or older):
    • Does this person have serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs?
  • Self-Care Disability (asked of persons ages 5 or older):
    • Does this person have difficulty dressing or bathing?
  • Independent Living Disability (asked of persons ages 15 or older):
    • Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping?

 

Notes

Spanish Language Reports: Spanish language versions of the Annual Disability Status Reports for the US, all 50 states, Puerto Rico, and Washington D.C. can be downloaded at the same location as the English Status Reports. The Spanish translation was made possible through funding from the Northeast Disability Technical Assistance Center (DBTAC) and NIDRR.

Puerto Rico: A Puerto Rico Disability Status Report, based on the parallel 2010 Puerto Rico Community Survey (PRCS), is available again this year in English as well as Spanish. However, please note that the Puerto Rico sample is not included in any U.S. population estimates included in these reports.

Group Quarters: In 2006, the ACS began surveying the group quarters population. We include the non-institutionalized group quarters population, but due to small state level sample sizes exclude the institutionalized group quarters population (see glossary) in the Disability Status Reports.

Margin of Error (MOE): As in previous years' reports we provide the 90% MOE to better illustrate sampling variability. See the glossary entry for more information on this topic.

Glossary: As in previous years, we provide a comprehensive glossary at the back of this report defining the terms used in the Disability Status Report (see glossary).

Note: According to the Census Bureau, estimates based on the ACS Public Use Microdata Sample (PUMS) file such as those included in this report may differ slightly from the ACS summary tables produced by the Census Bureau, because they are subject to additional sampling error and further data processing operations. Please see http://www.ilr.cornell.edu/edi/disabilitystatistics/faq.cfm#Q4 for further information.

North Dakota Summary

These statistics indicate the social and economic status of non-institutionalized people with disabilities in North Dakota, using data from the 2010 American Community Survey (ACS).

Age: In 2010, the prevalence of disability in ND was:

  • 10.2 percent for persons of all ages
  • 0.2 percent for persons ages 4 and under
  • 3.1 percent for persons ages 5 to 15
  • 4.6 percent for persons ages 16 to 20
  • 7.8 percent for persons ages 21 to 64
  • 23.2 percent for persons ages 65 to 74
  • 47.4 percent for persons ages 75+

Disability Type: In 2010, the prevalence of the six disability types among persons of all ages in ND was:

  • 1.9% reported a Visual Disability
  • 3.7% reported a Hearing Disability
  • 5.1% reported an Ambulatory Disability
  • 3.4% reported a Cognitive Disability
  • 1.6% reported a Self-Care Disability
  • 3.8% reported an Independent Living Disability

Gender: In 2010, 9.9 percent of females of all ages and 10.4 percent of males of all ages in ND reported a disability.

Hispanic/Latino: In 2010, the prevalence of disability among persons of all ages of Hispanic or Latino origin in ND was 4.6 percent.

Race: In ND in 2010, the prevalence of disability for working-age people (ages 21 to 64) was:

  • 7.3 percent among Whites
  • 0.6 percent among Black / African Americans
  • 0.0 percent among Asians
  • 23.6 percent among Native Americans
  • 6.4 percent among persons of some other race(s)

Employment: In 2010, the employment rate of working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities in ND was 52.3 percent.

Looking for Work: In ND in 2010, the percentage actively looking for work among people with disabilities who were not working was 7.8 percent.

Full-Time/Full-Year Employment: In ND in 2010, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities working full-time/full-year was 30.3 percent.

Annual Earnings: In 2010, the median annual earnings of working-age people with disabilities working full-time/full-year in ND was $32,200.

Annual Household Income: In ND in 2010, the median annual income of households with working-age people with disabilities was $35,300.

Poverty: In ND in 2010, the poverty rate of working-age people with disabilities was 25.4 percent.

Supplemental Security Income: In 2010, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities receiving SSI payments in ND was 15.9 percent.

Educational Attainment: In 2010, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities in ND:

  • with only a high school diploma or equivalent was 32.8 percent
  • with only some college or an associate degree was 37.9 percent
  • with a bachelor's degree or more was 12.8 percent.

Veterans Service-Connected Disability: In 2010, the percentage of working-age civilian veterans with a VA determined Service-Connected Disability was 25.9 percent in ND.

Health Insurance Coverage: In 2010 in ND, 87.4 percent of working-age people with disabilities had health insurance.

Prevalence: Ages 21 - 64

This summary lists percentages by state of non-institutionalized working-age (ages 21 to 64) people with disabilities using data from the 2010 American Community Survey (ACS). The US disability prevalence rate for this population was 10.3%

Location 2010 (%) Location 2010 (%)
Alabama 15.2 Montana 10.2
Alaska 10.3 Nebraska 10.2
Arizona 9.8 Nevada 9.5
Arkansas 15.5 New Hampshire 9.1
California 8.0 New Jersey 7.3
Colorado 8.8 New Mexico 11.9
Connecticut 8.4 New York 8.5
Delaware 11.8 North Carolina 12.0
District of Columbia 8.7 North Dakota 7.8
Florida 10.1 Ohio 11.7
Georgia 10.6 Oklahoma 14.8
Hawaii 7.8 Oregon 12.1
Idaho 11.1 Pennsylvania 11.0
Illinois 8.2 Puerto Rico 17.4
Indiana 11.4 Rhode Island 11.9
Iowa 9.7 South Carolina 13.0
Kansas 10.8 South Dakota 8.2
Kentucky 16.5 Tennessee 13.7
Louisiana 14.1 Texas 10.4
Maine 12.8 Utah 7.9
Maryland 8.3 Vermont 11.7
Massachusetts 8.8 Virginia 9.1
Michigan 11.9 Washington 10.1
Minnesota 8.3 West Virginia 17.7
Mississippi 15.7 Wisconsin 8.9
Missouri 12.4 Wyoming 10.9

Employment: Ages 21 - 64

This summary lists employment rates by state of non-institutionalized working-age (ages 21 to 64) people with disabilities using data from the 2010 American Community Survey (ACS). The employment rate in the US for this population was 33.9% for people with disabilities and 75.4% for people without disabilities.

Location People with Disabilities 2010 People without Disabilities 2010 Location People with Disabilities 2010 People without Disabilities 2010
Alabama 27.8 73.0 Montana 44.1 77.7
Alaska 47.5 77.9 Nebraska 43.1 83.8
Arizona 32.8 72.2 Nevada 37.7 72.6
Arkansas 30.2 75.6 New Hampshire 38.5 82.3
California 32.3 72.1 New Jersey 37.4 76.0
Colorado 42.3 77.6 New Mexico 34.6 72.4
Connecticut 38.2 78.7 New York 31.4 74.7
Delaware 37.5 77.7 North Carolina 32.3 74.2
District of Columbia 31.0 75.4 North Dakota 52.3 85.6
Florida 31.3 72.5 Ohio 33.2 76.1
Georgia 30.9 73.5 Oklahoma 38.5 77.3
Hawaii 42.2 78.6 Oregon 33.6 73.6
Idaho 37.4 75.9 Pennsylvania 33.3 76.7
Illinois 35.5 75.5 Puerto Rico 22.9 56.5
Indiana 32.6 75.9 Rhode Island 32.2 76.9
Iowa 43.6 83.2 South Carolina 27.3 73.5
Kansas 43.3 80.6 South Dakota 42.8 83.4
Kentucky 25.8 73.7 Tennessee 28.8 74.3
Louisiana 33.8 75.2 Texas 38.2 76.2
Maine 29.6 79.9 Utah 41.8 75.9
Maryland 40.8 79.9 Vermont 40.7 81.2
Massachusetts 33.2 78.5 Virginia 35.4 79.1
Michigan 28.8 71.7 Washington 37.8 74.9
Minnesota 44.4 81.7 West Virginia 26.8 72.0
Mississippi 28.6 71.9 Wisconsin 40.0 80.5
Missouri 33.5 78.0 Wyoming 51.2 79.7

Prevalence

All Ages

Introduction

This section addresses the prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people of all ages in North Dakota, using data from the 2010 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2010, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of people with a disability of all ages in ND was 10.2 percent.
  • In other words, in 2010, 67,500 of the 664,800 individuals of all ages in ND reported one or more disabilities.
  • In ND in 2010, among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest prevalence rate was for "Ambulatory Disability," 5.1 percent. The lowest prevalence rate was for "Self-Care Disability," 1.6 percent.

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people of all ages in North Dakota in 2010*

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Any Disability 10.2 0.85 67,500 5,650 664,800 6,761
Visual 1.9 3.29 12,300 2,520 664,800 6,761
Hearing 3.7 0.53 24,600 3,530 664,800 6,761
Ambulatory 5.1 0.64 31,700 3,980 621,500 6,376
Cognitive 3.4 0.53 21,400 3,300 621,500 6,376
Self-Care 1.6 3.29 10,200 2,300 621,500 6,376
Independent Living 3.8 0.60 20,800 3,250 540,600 5,552

* Note: Children under the age of five were only asked about Vision and Hearing disabilities. The Independent Living disability question was only asked of persons aged 16 years old and older.

Prevalence

Ages 4 years and under

Introduction

This section focuses on the prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized children ages 4 and under in North Dakota, using data from the 2010 American Community Survey (ACS). Only the two sensory disability questions were asked of this population. For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2010, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of children with a visual and/or hearing disability ages 0 to 4 in ND was 0.2 percent.
  • In other words, in 2010, 100 of the 43,300 children ages 0 to 4 in ND reported one or more disabilities.
  • In ND in 2010, 0.2 percent reported a visual disability
  • In ND in 2010, 0.0 percent reported a hearing disability

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 4 and under in North Dakota in 2010

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Any Disability 0.2 3.29 100 400 43,300 385
Visual 0.2 3.29 100 400 43,300 385
Hearing 0.0 3.29 0 400 43,300 385

Prevalence

Ages 5 to 15 years

Introduction

This section focuses on the prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized children ages 5 to 15 in North Dakota, using data from the 2010 American Community Survey (ACS)*. For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2010, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of children with a disability ages 5 to 15 in ND was 3.1 percent.
  • In other words, in 2010, 2,800 of the 89,400 individuals ages 5 to 15 in ND reported one or more disabilities.
  • In ND in 2010, among the five types of disabilities* identified in the ACS, the highest prevalence rate was for "Cognitive Disability," 1.1 percent. The lowest prevalence rate was for "Ambulatory Disability," 0.3 percent.

Prevalence of disability* among non-institutionalized people ages 5 to 15 in North Dakota in 2010

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Any Disability 3.1 1.32 2,800 1,200 89,400 909
Visual 1.0 3.29 900 680 89,400 909
Hearing 0.6 3.29 600 540 89,400 909
Ambulatory 0.3 3.29 300 400 89,400 909
Cognitive 1.1 3.29 1,000 730 89,400 909
Self-Care 0.4 3.29 300 400 89,400 909

* Note: The "Independent Living Disability" question was not asked of children ages 15 years and younger.

Prevalence

Ages 16 to 20 years

Introduction

This section focuses on the prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 16 to 20 in North Dakota, using data from the 2010 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2010, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of people with a disability ages 16 to 20 in ND was 4.6 percent.
  • In other words, in 2010, 2,300 of the 49,900 individuals ages 16 to 20 in ND reported one or more disabilities.
  • In ND in 2010, among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest prevalence rate was for "Cognitive Disability," 3.5 percent. The lowest prevalence rate was for "Visual Disability," 0.2 percent.

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 16 to 20 in North Dakota in 2010

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Any Disability 4.6 2.15 2,300 1,100 49,900 475
Visual 0.2 3.29 100 400 49,900 475
Hearing 0.8 3.29 400 400 49,900 475
Ambulatory 0.5 3.29 300 400 49,900 475
Cognitive 3.5 1.88 1,700 950 49,900 475
Self-Care 1.2 3.29 600 550 49,900 475
Independent Living 2.2 1.50 1,100 760 49,900 475

Prevalence

Ages 21 to 64 years

Introduction

This section focuses on the prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) in North Dakota, using data from the 2010 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2010, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of working age people (ages 21 to 64) with a disability in ND was 7.8 percent.
  • In other words, in 2010, 30,500 of the 391,300 individuals ages 21 to 64 in ND reported one or more disabilities.
  • In ND in 2010, among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest prevalence rate was for "Ambulatory Disability," 3.3 percent. The lowest prevalence rate was "Self-Care Disability," 1.2 percent.

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 21 to 64 in North Dakota in 2010

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Any Disability 7.8 0.98 30,500 3,910 391,300 3,808
Visual 1.4 3.29 5,500 1,690 391,300 3,808
Hearing 2.4 0.56 9,400 2,200 391,300 3,808
Ambulatory 3.3 0.66 13,000 2,590 391,300 3,808
Cognitive 3.1 0.63 12,000 2,480 391,300 3,808
Self-Care 1.2 3.29 4,500 1,530 391,300 3,808
Independent Living 2.2 0.53 8,500 2,100 391,300 3,808

Prevalence

Ages 65 to 74 years

Introduction

This section explores the prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 65 to 74 in North Dakota, using data from the 2010 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2010, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of people with a disability ages 65 to 74 in ND was 23.2 percent.
  • In other words, in 2010, 10,700 of the 46,200 individuals ages 65 to 74 in ND reported one or more disabilities.
  • In ND in 2010, among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest prevalence rate was for "Ambulatory Disability," 13.0 percent. The lowest prevalence rate was for "Self-Care Disability," 1.6 percent.

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 65 to 74 in North Dakota in 2010

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Any Disability 23.2 4.50 10,700 2,350 46,200 597
Visual 2.9 1.78 1,300 830 46,200 597
Hearing 10.1 3.21 4,600 1,560 46,200 597
Ambulatory 13.0 3.59 6,000 1,770 46,200 597
Cognitive 3.5 1.96 1,600 920 46,200 597
Self-Care 1.6 3.29 800 630 46,200 597
Independent Living 5.5 2.44 2,600 1,160 46,200 597

Prevalence

Ages 75 and Older

Introduction

This section focuses on the prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 75 and older in North Dakota, using data from the 2010 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2010, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of people with a disability ages 75 and older in ND was 47.4 percent.
  • In other words, in 2010, 21,200 of the 44,700 individuals ages 75 and older in ND reported one or more disabilities.
  • In ND in 2010, among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest prevalence rate was for "Ambulatory Disability," 27.1 percent. The lowest prevalence rate was for "Self-Care Disability," 9.0 percent.

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 75 and older in North Dakota in 2010

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Any Disability 47.4 5.41 21,200 3,280 44,700 587
Visual 9.9 3.24 4,400 1,520 44,700 587
Hearing 21.5 4.45 9,600 2,230 44,700 587
Ambulatory 27.1 4.82 12,100 2,500 44,700 587
Cognitive 11.3 3.43 5,100 1,620 44,700 587
Self-Care 9.0 3.10 4,000 1,450 44,700 587
Independent Living 19.3 4.28 8,600 2,120 44,700 587

Prevalence

Gender and Age

Introduction

This section examines the prevalence of disability among people by gender and age group in North Dakota, using data from the 2010 American Community Survey (ACS)*. For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In ND in 2010, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of males with a disability of all ages was 10.4 percent.
  • In other words, in 2010, 35,200 of the 338,600 males of all ages in ND reported one or more disabilities.
  • In ND in 2010, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of females with a disability of all ages was 9.9 percent.
  • In other words, in 2010, 32,400 of the 326,200 females of all ages in ND reported one or more disabilities.

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people by gender and age group in North Dakota in 2010

Gender & Age Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Males
Males: All Ages 10.4 1.37 35,200 4,780 338,600 3,421
Males: Ages 4 and under 0.4 3.29 100 400 22,200 198
Males: Ages 5-15 3.8 2.33 1,800 1,100 46,100 500
Males: Ages 16-20 3.7 2.95 1,000 840 27,900 257
Males: Ages 21-64 8.7 1.65 17,600 3,430 201,800 1,929
Males: Ages 65-74 26.3 7.75 5,800 1,990 22,100 289
Males: Ages 75+ 47.9 9.62 8,900 2,450 18,500 248
Females
Females: All Ages 9.9 1.37 32,400 4,600 326,200 3,340
Females: Ages 4 and under 0.0 3.29 0 400 21,100 187
Females: Ages 5-15 2.3 1.88 1,000 820 43,300 409
Females: Ages 16-20 5.8 4.14 1,300 940 22,000 218
Females: Ages 21-64 6.8 1.51 12,900 2,940 189,500 1,879
Females: Ages 65-74 20.3 6.80 4,900 1,830 24,100 308
Females: Ages 75+ 47.0 8.07 12,300 2,880 26,200 339

* Note: Children ages 0-4 were only asked about visual and hearing disabilities, children ages 5-15 were not asked the "Independent Living Disability" question.

Prevalence

Hispanic/Latino Origin and Age

Introduction

This section examines the prevalence of disability among people by Hispanic/Latino origin and age group in North Dakota, using data from the 2010 American Community Survey (ACS)*. For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In ND in 2010, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of disability among people of Hispanic/Latino origin of all ages was 4.6 percent.
  • In other words, in 2010, 600 of the 13,600 people of Hispanic/Latino origin of all ages in ND reported one or more disabilities.
  • In ND in 2010, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of disability among people of non-Hispanic/Latino origin of all ages was 10.3 percent.
  • In other words, in 2010, 66,900 of the 651,300 people of non-Hispanic/Latino origin of all ages in ND reported one or more disabilities.

* Note: Children ages 0-4 were only asked about visual and hearing disabilities, children age 5-15 were not asked the "Independent Living Disability" question.

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people by Hispanic / Latino origin and age group in North Dakota in 2010

Hispanic/Latino Origin & Age Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Hispanic
Hispanic - All Ages 4.6 4.11 600 570 13,600 114
Hispanic - Ages 4 and under 3.3 8.24 100 400 2,500 15
Hispanic - Ages 5-15 0.0 3.29 0 400 3,100 32
Hispanic - Ages 16-20 0.0 3.29 0 400 1,500 14
Hispanic - Ages 21-64 7.3 7.58 500 490 6,200 50
Hispanic - Ages 65-74 0.0 3.29 0 400 200 2
Hispanic - Ages 75+ 100.0 3.29 100 400 100 1
Non-Hispanic
Non-Hispanic - All Ages 10.3 0.86 66,900 5,630 651,300 6,647
Non-Hispanic - Ages 4 and under 0.0 3.29 0 400 40,800 370
Non-Hispanic - Ages 5-15 3.2 1.37 2,800 1,200 86,300 877
Non-Hispanic - Ages 16-20 4.8 2.22 2,300 1,100 48,400 461
Non-Hispanic - Ages 21-64 7.8 0.99 30,000 3,880 385,000 3,758
Non-Hispanic - Ages 65-74 23.3 4.52 10,700 2,350 46,000 595
Non-Hispanic - Ages 75+ 47.3 5.41 21,100 3,280 44,600 586

* Note: Children ages 0-4 were only asked about visual and hearing disabilities, children ages 5-15 were not asked the "Independent Living Disability" question.
Caution: Estimate based on small sample size (less than 40 individuals).

Prevalence

Race

Introduction

This section presents the disability prevalence rate among non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by race category in ND, using data from the 2010 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

In 2010, among working-age people in ND:

  • 7.3 percent of persons who were White reported a disability.
  • 0.6 percent of persons who were Black/African American reported a disability.
  • 23.6 percent of persons who were Native American reported a disability.
  • 0.0 percent of persons who were Asian reported a disability.
  • 6.4 percent of persons who were some other race(s) reported a disability.

Caution: Estimate based on small sample size (less than 40 individuals).

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by race in North Dakota in 2010

Race Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
White 7.3 0.99 25,900 3,620 357,200 3,556
Black/African American 0.6 3.29 0 400 5,700 23
Native American or
Alaska Native
23.6 7.38 4,100 1,470 17,400 147
Asian 0.0 3.29 0 400 4,600 29
Some other race(s) 6.4 7.04 400 400 6,300 53

Caution: Estimate based on small sample size (less than 40 individuals).

Employment

Introduction

This section examines the employment rates of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities in North Dakota, using data from the 2010 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2010, the employment rate of working-age people with disabilities in ND was 52.3 percent.
  • In 2010, the employment rate of working-age people without disabilities in ND was 85.6 percent.
  • The gap between the employment rates of working-age people with and without disabilities was 33.3 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest employment rate was for people with a "Hearing Disability," 71.5 percent. The lowest employment rate was for people with a "Independent Living Disability," 20.1 percent.

Employment of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by disability status in North Dakota in 2010

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 85.6 1.34 308,700 9,320 360,800 3,496
Any Disability 52.3 6.55 16,000 2,860 30,500 312
Visual 54.3 15.40 3,000 1,250 5,500 48
Hearing 71.5 10.67 6,700 1,870 9,400 98
Ambulatory 36.7 9.69 4,800 1,580 13,000 147
Cognitive 42.8 10.37 5,100 1,630 12,000 106
Self-Care 22.4 14.23 1,000 730 4,500 45
Independent Living 20.1 9.98 1,700 940 8,500 84

Not Working but Actively Looking for Work

Introduction

This section focuses on the percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities in North Dakota who are not working but actively looking for work, using data from the 2010 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2010 in ND, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities who were not working but actively looking for work was 7.8 percent.
  • In 2010 in ND, the percentage of working-age people without disabilities who were not working but actively looking for work was 15.3 percent.
  • The difference in the percentage not working but actively looking for work between working-age people with and without disabilities was 7.5 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest percentage of not working but actively looking for work was for people with a "Hearing Disability," 17.7 percent. The lowest percentage was for people with a "Self-Care Disability," 0.0 percent.

Percentage who are not working but actively looking for work among non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) in North Dakota in 2010

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 15.3 3.61 8,000 2,040 52,100 510
Any Disability 7.8 5.10 1,100 770 14,500 149
Visual 9.7 13.53 200 400 2,500 26
Hearing 17.7 16.91 500 500 2,700 27
Ambulatory 2.2 3.70 200 400 8,200 89
Cognitive 6.7 6.92 500 490 6,800 64
Self-Care 0.0 3.29 0 400 3,500 30
Independent Living 2.9 4.67 200 400 6,800 64

Full-Time / Full-Year Employment

Introduction

This section presents the percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities working full-time/full-year in North Dakota, using data from the 2010 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2010, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities working full-time/full-year in ND was 30.3 percent.
  • In 2010, the percentage of working-age people without disabilities working full-time/full-year in ND was 64.0 percent.
  • The difference in the percentage working full-time/full-year between working-age people with and without disabilities was 33.7 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest full-time/full-year employment rate was for people with "Hearing Disability," 47.1 percent. The lowest full-time/full-year employment rate was for people with "Independent Living Disability," 8.6 percent.

Full-Time/Full-Year employment of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by disability status in North Dakota in 2010

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 64.0 1.83 231,000 8,930 360,800 3,496
Any Disability 30.3 6.03 9,200 2,190 30,500 312
Visual 20.7 12.53 1,100 770 5,500 48
Hearing 47.1 11.80 4,400 1,520 9,400 98
Ambulatory 22.9 8.44 3,000 1,250 13,000 147
Cognitive 19.9 8.36 2,400 1,120 12,000 106
Self-Care 13.7 11.74 600 570 4,500 45
Independent Living 8.6 6.98 700 620 8,500 84

Annual Earnings (Full-Time / Full-Year workers)

Introduction

This section examines the median annual earnings of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities who work full-time/full-year in North Dakota, using data from the 2010 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2010, the median earnings of working-age people with disabilities who worked full-time/full-year in ND was $32,200.
  • In 2010, the median earnings of working-age people without disabilities who worked full-time/full-year in ND was $36,300.
  • The difference in the median earnings between working-age people with and without disabilities who worked full-time/full-year was $4,100.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest annual earnings was for people with "Visual Disability," $50,400. The lowest annual earnings was for people with "Cognitive Disability," $21,200.

Caution: Estimate based on small sample size (less than 40 individuals).

Median annual earnings of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) who work full-time/full-year by disability status in North Dakota in 2010

Disability Type Median Earnings MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability $36,300 $1,300 231,000 2,248
Any Disability $32,200 $6,800 9,000 105
Visual $50,400 $30,830 1,000 12
Hearing $34,300 $11,800 4,000 51
Ambulatory $33,300 $11,000 3,000 36
Cognitive $21,200 $9,950 2,000 20
Self-Care $34,800 $27,100 600 10
Independent Living $37,300 $21,700 700 10

Caution: Estimate based on small sample size (less than 40 individuals).

Annual Household Income

Introduction

This section illustrates the median annual income of households that include any working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities in North Dakota, using data from the 2010 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2010, the median income of households that include any working-age people with disabilities in ND was $35,300.
  • In 2010, the median income of households that do not include any working-age people with disabilities in ND was $56,400.
  • The difference in the median income between households including and not including working-age people with disabilities was $21,100.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest median income was for households including persons with a "Hearing Disability," $43,700. The lowest median income was for households containing persons with a "Cognitive Disability" $26,900.

Note: Household income is not available for persons living in group quarters.
Caution: Estimate based on small sample size (less than 40 individuals).

Median annual income of households including any working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by disability status in North Dakota in 2010

Disability Type Median H.H. Income MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability $56,400 $2,890 200,000 1,918
Any Disability $35,300 7,050 25,000 266
Visual $28,700 19,950 4,000 43
Hearing $43,700 12,590 9,000 93
Ambulatory $32,200 10,110 11,000 129
Cognitive $26,900 10,980 9,000 89
Self-Care $27,900 26,510 3,000 35
Independent Living $32,800 16,850 6,000 70

Note: Household income is not available for persons living in group quarters.
Caution: Estimate based on small sample size (less than 40 individuals).

Poverty

Introduction

This section examines the poverty rates of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities in North Dakota, using data from the 2010 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2010, the poverty rate of working-age people with disabilities in ND was 25.4 percent.
  • In 2010, the poverty rate of working-age people without disabilities in ND was 9.0 percent.
  • The difference in the poverty rate between working-age people with and without disabilities was 16.4 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest poverty rate was for people with "Self-Care Disability," 43.1 percent. The lowest poverty rate was for people with "Hearing Disability," 12.2 percent.

Note: The Census Bureau does not calculate poverty status for those people living in military group quarters or college dormitories.
Caution: Estimate based on small sample size (less than 40 individuals).

Poverty rates of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by disability status in North Dakota in 2010

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 9.0 1.25 32,300 4,600 358,800 3,480
Any Disability 25.4 6.54 7,700 2,290 30,400 311
Visual 36.5 17.01 2,000 1,170 5,500 48
Hearing 12.2 8.85 1,100 890 9,400 98
Ambulatory 32.2 10.73 4,200 1,690 13,000 147
Cognitive 39.8 11.77 4,700 1,790 11,900 105
Self-Care 43.1 19.32 1,900 1,150 4,500 45
Independent Living 42.1 14.05 3,600 1,560 8,500 84

Note: The Census Bureau does not calculate poverty status for those people living in military group quarters or college dormitories.

Supplemental Security Income (SSI)

Introduction

This section focuses on the percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities who receive Supplemental Security Income (SSI) payments in North Dakota, using data from the 2010 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary. Please note that these results will differ from official Social Security Administration reports for several reasons. For additional information, please email DisabilityStatistics@cornell.edu.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2010, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities receiving Supplemental Security Income payments in ND was 15.9 percent.
  • In 2010, the number of working-age people with disabilities receiving Supplemental Security Income payments in ND was 4,800.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest percentage that received SSI was people with "Independent Living Disability," 38.9 percent. The lowest percentage that received SSI was people with "Hearing Disability," 8.6 percent.

Percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities who receive Supplemental Security Income (SSI) payments in North Dakota in 2010

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
Any Disability 15.9 6.86 4,800 2,270 30,500 312
Visual 14.1 15.37 800 910 5,500 48
Hearing 8.6 9.47 800 930 9,400 98
Ambulatory 18.9 11.24 2,500 1,620 13,000 147
Cognitive 28.7 13.54 3,400 1,910 12,000 106
Self-Care 28.9 22.11 1,300 1,180 4,500 45
Independent Living 38.9 17.34 3,300 1,870 8,500 84

Education

High School Diploma/Equivalent

Introduction

This section explores the percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities with only a high school diploma or equivalent in North Dakota, using data from the 2010 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2010, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities with only a high school diploma or equivalent in ND was 32.8 percent.
  • In 2010, the percentage of working-age people without disabilities with only a high school diploma or equivalent in ND was 23.1 percent.
  • The difference in the percentage with only a high school diploma or equivalent between working-age people with and without disabilities was 9.7 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest percentage with only a high school diploma or equivalent was for people with "Cognitive Disability," 39.2 percent. The lowest percentage with only a high school diploma or equivalent was for people with "Self-Care Disability," 24.8 percent.

Percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with only a high school diploma or equivalent by disability status in ND in 2010

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 23.1 1.61 83,300 6,190 360,800 3,496
Any Disability 32.8 6.16 10,000 2,280 30,500 312
Visual 25.2 13.42 1,400 850 5,500 48
Hearing 27.9 10.61 2,600 1,170 9,400 98
Ambulatory 29.6 9.17 3,900 1,420 13,000 147
Cognitive 39.2 10.23 4,700 1,560 12,000 106
Self-Care 24.8 14.75 1,100 770 4,500 45
Independent Living 36.3 11.97 3,100 1,270 8,500 84

Education

Some College/Associate's Degree

Introduction

This section examines the percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities with only some college or an Associate's degree in North Dakota, using data from the 2010 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2010, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities with only some college or an Associate's degree in ND was 37.9 percent.
  • In 2010, the percentage of working-age people without disabilities with only some college or an Associate's degree in ND was 40.2 percent.
  • The difference in the percentage with only some college or an Associate's degree between working-age people with and without disabilities was 2.3 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest percentage with only some college or an Associate's degree was for people with "Hearing Disability," 43.7 percent. The lowest percentage with only some college or Associate's degree was for people with "Independent Living Disability," 25.6 percent.

Percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with only some college or an Associate's degree by disability status in North Dakota in 2010

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 40.2 1.87 145,000 7,730 360,800 3,496
Any Disability 37.9 6.37 11,500 2,440 30,500 312
Visual 40.2 15.16 2,200 1,070 5,500 48
Hearing 43.7 11.73 4,100 1,460 9,400 98
Ambulatory 39.9 9.84 5,200 1,640 13,000 147
Cognitive 28.3 9.44 3,400 1,330 12,000 106
Self-Care 30.0 15.65 1,400 840 4,500 45
Independent Living 25.6 10.87 2,200 1,060 8,500 84

Education

Bachelor's Degree or More

Introduction

This section presents the percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities with a Bachelor's degree or more in North Dakota, using data from the 2010 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2010, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities with a Bachelor's degree or more in ND was 12.8 percent.
  • In 2010, the percentage of working-age people without disabilities with a Bachelor's degree or more in ND was 32.6 percent.
  • The difference in the percentage with a Bachelor's degree or more between working-age people with and without disabilities was 19.8 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest percentage with a Bachelor's degree or more was for people with "Self-Care Disability," 16.1 percent. The lowest percentage with a Bachelor's degree or more was for people with "Cognitive Disability," 6.7 percent.

Percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with a Bachelor's degree or more by disability status in North Dakota in 2010

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 32.6 1.79 117,600 7,140 360,800 3,496
Any Disability 12.8 4.38 3,900 1,430 30,500 312
Visual 9.1 8.89 500 510 5,500 48
Hearing 10.4 7.22 1,000 720 9,400 98
Ambulatory 13.7 6.91 1,800 960 13,000 147
Cognitive 6.7 5.24 800 650 12,000 106
Self-Care 16.1 12.55 700 620 4,500 45
Independent Living 10.8 7.73 900 690 8,500 84

Veterans Service-Connected Disability Rating

Introduction

This section presents the percentage of non-institutionalized working-age (ages 21 to 64) civilian veterans reporting a service-connected disability rating in North Dakota. The 2008 American Community Survey (ACS) asks if the veteran has a service-connected disability, and if so, what their rating is (0-100%). A "service-connected" disability is one that has been determined by the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) as being a result of disease or injury incurred or aggravated during military service. Note that a veteran can receive disability compensation for a wide range of conditions, and a veteran with a service-connected disability may not report having one of the six ACS functional or activity limitation disabilities. For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2010, there were 30,200 working-age civilian veterans in ND, of whom 7,800 had a VA service-connected disability.
  • In 2010, the percentage of working-age civilian veterans in ND with a VA service-connected disability was 25.9 percent.
  • In 2010, 1,400 working-age civilian veterans in ND had the most severe service-connected disability rating (70 percent or above).
  • In 2010, 18.3 percent of the working-age civilian veterans in ND who had a service connected disability had a service-connected disability rating of 70 percent or above.

Disability rating of working-age civilian veterans (ages 21 to 64) with a service-connected disability in North Dakota in 2010

Service–Connected Disability Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
Has a service-connected disability rating (0-100%) 25.9 5.78 7,800 2,020 30,200 319
Disability rating of veterans with a service connected-disability
0 percent 6.7 6.48 500 520 7,800 75
10 or 20 percent 46.6 12.92 3,600 1,380 7,800 75
30 or 40 percent 13.0 8.71 1,000 730 7,800 75
50 or 60 percent 12.6 8.60 1,000 720 7,800 75
70 percent or higher 18.3 10.01 1,400 870 7,800 75
Rating not reported 2.9 4.35 200 400 7,800 75

Health Insurance Coverage

Introduction

This section examines the health insurance coverage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities in North Dakota, using data from the 2010 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2010, 87.4 percent of working-age people with disabilities in ND had some type of health insurance coverage.
  • In 2010, 86.6 percent of working-age people without disabilities in ND had some type of health insurance coverage.
  • The difference in the health insurance coverage rate between working-age people with and without disabilities was 0.8 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest health insurance coverage rate was for people with "Self-Care Disability," 92.5 percent. The lowest health insurance coverage rate was for people with "Visual Disability," 79.2 percent.

Health Insurance Coverage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by disability status in North Dakota in 2010

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 86.6 1.30 312,400 9,380 360,800 3,496
Any Disability 87.4 4.35 26,600 3,670 30,500 312
Visual 79.2 12.55 4,400 1,510 5,500 48
Hearing 89.0 7.40 8,400 2,080 9,400 98
Ambulatory 88.1 6.51 11,500 2,430 13,000 147
Cognitive 89.7 6.37 10,700 2,350 12,000 106
Self-Care 92.5 8.99 4,200 1,470 4,500 45
Independent Living 88.3 8.00 7,500 1,970 8,500 84

Type of Health Insurance Coverage

Introduction

This section examines the type of health insurance coverage for non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities in North Dakota, using data from the 2010 American Community Survey (ACS). Note that people can report more than one type of insurance coverage. For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2010, 39.2 percent of working-age people with disabilities in ND reported health insurance coverage through a current or former employer or union (theirs or another family member).
  • In 2010, 68.6 percent of working-age people without disabilities in ND reported health insurance coverage through a current or former employer or union (theirs or another family member).
  • In 2010, 17.6 percent of working-age people with disabilities in ND reported purchasing health insurance coverage directly from an insurance company (by themselves or another family member).
  • In 2010, 20.8 percent of working-age people with disabilities in ND reported Medicare coverage and 25.1 percent reported Medicaid coverage (or other government-assistance plan for those with low incomes or a disability).

Type of Health Insurance Coverage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by disability status in North Dakota in 2010

Disability Status/ Insurance Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
Any Disability
Uninsured 12.6 4.35 3,900 1,420 30,500 312
Employer/Union 39.2 6.41 12,000 2,480 30,500 312
Purchased 17.6 5.00 5,400 1,670 30,500 312
Medicare 20.8 5.33 6,400 1,820 30,500 312
Medicaid 25.1 5.69 7,700 1,990 30,500 312
Military/VA 13.8 4.53 4,200 1,480 30,500 312
Indian Health Service 9.2 3.79 2,800 1,210 30,500 312
No Disability
Uninsured 13.4 1.30 48,400 4,860 360,800 3,496
Employer/Union 68.6 1.77 247,600 9,070 360,800 3,496
Purchased 14.8 1.35 53,600 5,090 360,800 3,496
Medicare 1.3 3.29 4,600 1,550 360,800 3,496
Medicaid 3.0 0.65 10,700 2,350 360,800 3,496
Military/VA 6.4 0.93 23,000 3,410 360,800 3,496
Indian Health Service 3.3 0.68 11,900 2,480 360,800 3,496

Glossary

Actively Looking for Work

A person is defined as ACTIVELY looking for work if he or she reports looking for work during the last four weeks.

Ambulatory Disability

This disability type is based on the question (asked of persons ages 5 or older): Does this person have serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs?

Base Population (Base Pop.)

The estimated number of individuals upon which the calculation is based. (For percentages, this is the denominator).

Cognitive Disability

This disability type is based on the question (asked of persons ages 5 or older): Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions?

Disability and Disability Types

The ACS definition of disability is based on six questions. A person is coded as having a disability if he or she or a proxy respondent answers affirmatively for one or more of these six categories.

  • Hearing Disability (asked of all ages): Is this person deaf or does he/she have serious difficulty hearing?
  • Visual Disability (asked of all ages): Is this person blind or does he/she have serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses?
  • Cognitive Disability (asked of persons ages 5 or older): Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions?
  • Ambulatory Disability (asked of persons ages 5 or older): Does this person have serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs?
  • Self-care Disability (asked of persons ages 5 or older): Does this person have difficulty dressing or bathing?
  • Independent Living Disability (asked of persons ages 15 or older): Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor’s office or shopping?

Earnings

Earnings are defined as wages, salary, commissions, bonuses, or tips from all jobs including self-employment income (NET income after business expenses) from own nonfarm businesses or farm businesses, including proprietorships and partnerships.

Education

Our definition is based on the responses to the question: "What is the highest degree or level of school this person has completed? If currently enrolled, mark the previous grade or highest degree received." Our category "high school diploma/equivalent" includes those marking the ACS option "Regular high school diploma — GED or alternative credential." Our category "Some college/Associate's degree" includes those marking the ACS options: some college credit, but less than 1 year of college credit; one or more years of college credit but no degree, or "Associate's degree (for example: AA, AS)." Our category "a Bachelor's or more" includes those marking the ACS options: "Bachelor's degree (for example: BA, BS)"; "Master's degree (for example: MA, MS, MEng, MEd, MSW, MBA)"; "Professional degree (for example: MD, DDS, DVM, LLB, JD)"; or "Doctorate degree (for example: PhD, EdD)." Note in 2008 changes were made to some of the response categories and the layout of this question.

Employment

A person is considered employed if he or she is either

  1. “at work”: those who did any work at all during the reference week as a paid employee (worked in his or her own business or profession, worked on his or her own farm, or worked 15 or more hours as an unpaid worker on a family farm or business) or
  2. “with a job but not at work”: had a job but temporarily did not work at that job during the reference week due to illness, bad weather, industrial dispute, vacation or other personal reasons. The reference week is defined as the week preceding the date the questionnaire was completed.

Employment Rate

The employment rate is calculated by dividing the number of persons employed by the number of persons in that population.

** Note that the unemployment rate cannot be calculated using the employment rate:

  • The employment rate is the percentage of all persons who have a job.
  • The unemployment rate is the percentage of persons in the labor force who do not have a job but are actively looking for work. The labor force includes people who have a job, are on layoff, or who actively searched for work in the last four weeks.

Please see http://www.disabilitystatistics.org/faq.cfm#Q6 for more information on unemployment rate calculation and its implications.

Full-Time/Full-Year Employment

A person is considered employed full-time/full-year if he or she worked 35 hours or more per week (full-time) and 50 or more weeks per year (full-year). The reference period is defined as the year preceding the date the questionnaire was completed. Note: this does not signify whether a person is eligible for fringe benefits. The question and response categories regarding weeks worked per year was changed in 2008.

Group Quarters (GQ)

A GQ is a place where people live or stay that is normally owned or managed by an entity or organization providing housing and/or services for the residents. These services may include custodial or medical care as well as other types of assistance, and residency is commonly restricted to those receiving these services. People living in group quarters are usually not related to each other. Group quarters include such places as college residence halls, residential treatment centers, skilled nursing facilities, group homes, military barracks, correctional facilities, and workers' dormitories. See the definitions of institutional GQs and non-institutional GQs for more information. In addition, a description of the types of group quarters included in the 2008 ACS is located on the U.S. Census Bureau's Web site at www.census.gov/acs/www/Downloads/
2008_ACS_GQ_Definitions.pdf
.

Health Insurance Coverage

Is based on the following question: Is this person CURRENTLY covered by any of the following types of health insurance or health coverage plans? Mark "Yes" or "No" for EACH type of coverage in items a – h.

  1. Insurance through a current or former employer or union (of this person or another family member)
  2. Insurance purchased directly from an insurance company (by this person or another family member)
  3. Medicare, for people 65 and older, or people with certain disabilities
  4. Medicaid, Medical Assistance, or any kind of government-assistance plan for those with low incomes or a disability
  5. VA (including those who have ever used or enrolled for VA health care)
  6. TRICARE or other military health care
  7. Indian Health Service
  8. Any other type of health insurance or health coverage plan – Specify (Note: “Other type” were recoded into one of the categories a-g by the Census Bureau)

Hearing Disability

This disability type is based on the question (asked of all ages): Is this person deaf or does he/she have serious difficulty hearing?

Hispanic or Latino Origin

People of Hispanic or Latino origin are those who classify themselves in a specific Hispanic or Latino category in response to the question, "Is this person Spanish/Hispanic/Latino?" Specifically, those of Hispanic or Latino origin are those who are Cuban; Mexican, Mexican American, Chicano; Puerto Rican; or other Spanish/Hispanic/Latino. Origin may be the heritage, nationality group, lineage, or country of birth of the person or the person's parents or ancestors before their arrival in the United States. People who identify their origin as Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino may be of any race.

Household Income

Household Income is defined as the total income of a household including: wages, salary, commissions, bonuses, or tips from all jobs; self-employment income (NET income after business expenses) from own non-farm or farm businesses, including proprietorships and partnerships; interest, dividends, net rental income, royalty income, or income from real estates and trusts; Social Security or Railroad Retirement; Supplemental Security Income; any public assistance or welfare payments from the state or local welfare office; retirement, survivor or disability pensions; and any other regularly received income (e.g., Veterans' payments, unemployment compensation, child support or alimony). Median household income is calculated with the household as the unit of analysis, using household weights without adjusting for household size.

Independent Living Disability

This disability type is based on the question (asked of persons ages 15 or older): Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctors office or shopping?

Institutional Group Quarters (GQs)

Includes facilities for people under formally authorized, supervised care or custody at the time of enumeration. Generally, restricted to the institution, under the care or supervision of trained staff, and classified as "patients" or "inmates." Includes: correctional, nursing, and in-patient hospice facilities, psychiatric hospitals, juvenile group homes and residential treatment centers.

Margin of Error (MOE)

Data, such as data from the American Community Survey, is based on a sample, and therefore statistics derived from this data are subject to sampling variability. The margin of error (MOE) is a measure of the degree of sampling variability. In a random sample, the degree of sampling variation is determined by the underlying variability of the phenomena being estimated (e.g., income) and the size of the sample (i.e., the number of survey participants used to calculate the statistic). The smaller the margin of error, the lower the sampling variability and the more "precise" the estimate. A margin of error is the difference between an estimate and its upper or lower confidence bounds. Confidence bounds are calculated by adding the MOE to the estimate (upper bound) and subtracting the MOE from the estimate (lower bound). All margins of error in this report are based on a 90 percent confidence level. This means that there is a 90% certainty that the actual value lies somewhere between the upper and lower confidence bounds.

Non-Institutional Group Quarters (GQs)

Includes facilities that are not classified as institutional group quarters; such as college/university housing, group homes intended for adults, residential treatment facilities for adults, workers' group living quarters and Job Corps centers and religious group quarters.

Not Working but Actively Looking for Work

A person is defined as not working but actively looking for work if he or she reports not being employed, but has been looking for work during the last four weeks.

Number

This term appears in the tables; it refers to estimated number of people in the category. (for percentages, this is the numerator).

Poverty

The poverty measure is computed based upon the standards defined in Directive 14 from the Office of Management and Budget. These standards use poverty thresholds created in 1982 and index these thresholds to 2008 dollars using poverty factors based upon the Consumer Price Index. They use the family as the income sharing unit and family income is the sum of total income from each family member living in the household. The poverty threshold depends upon the size of the family; the age of the householder; and the number of related children under the age of 18.

Race

Race categories are based on the question, "[w]hat is this person's race? Mark (X) one or more races to indicate what this person considers himself/herself to be." Responses include the following: White; Black or African-American; American Indian or Alaska Native (print name of enrolled or principal tribe); Asian Indian; Chinese; Filipino; Japanese; Korean; Vietnamese; Other Asian (Print Race); Native Hawaiian; Guamanian or Chamarro; Samoan; Other Pacific Islander (Print Race Below); Some other race (print race below). "Other race" also contains people who report more than one race.

Sample Size

The number of survey participants used to calculate the statistic.

Self-care Disability

This disability type is based on the question (asked of persons ages 5 or older): 17c. Does this person have difficulty dressing or bathing?

Supplemental Security Income (SSI)

A person is defined as receiving SSI payments if he or she reports receiving (SSI) income in the 12 months prior to the survey.

Note: The Supplemental Security Income (SSI) does not apply to Puerto Rico. SSI is a federal cash assistance program that provides monthly payments to low-income aged, blind, or disabled persons in the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the Northern Mariana Islands.

Veteran Service-Connected Disability

A disease or injury determined to have occurred in or to have been aggravated by military service. A disability is evaluated according to the VA Schedule for Rating Disabilities in Title 38, CFR, and Part 4. Extent of disability is expressed as a percentage from 0% (for conditions that exist but are not disabling to a compensable degree) to 100%, in increments of 10%. This information was determined by the following two part question:

  1. Does this person have a VA service-connected disability rating?
    Yes (such as 0%, 10%, 20%, ... , 100%)
    No SKIP to question 28a
  2. What is this person’s service-connected disability rating?”
    Responses included: 0 percent; 10 or 20 percent; 30 or 40 percent; 50 or 60 percent; 70 percent or higher

Visual Disability

This disability type is based on the question:(asked of all ages): Is this person blind or does he/she have serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses?

About the Disability Status Reports

The Cornell University Disability Status Reports is produced and funded by the Yang Tan Institute at the Cornell University ILR School. This effort originated as a product of the Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Demographics and Statistics (StatsRRTC) funded to the Yang Tan Institute in the ILR School at Cornell University by the U.S. Department of Education, National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (grant No. H133B031111).

The contents of this report do not necessarily represent the policy of the Department of Education, and you should not assume endorsement by the Federal Government (Edgar, 75.620 (b)).

 

Contact Us

K. Lisa Yang and Hock E. Tan
Institute on Employment and Disability
Cornell University
Ithaca, New York 14853
Phone: 607.255.7727
Email: disabilitystatistics@cornell.edu
Web: www.disabilitystatistics.org