2016 Disability Status Report: Arkansas

Table of Contents

The 2016 Annual Disability Status Report

The Annual Disability Status Reports provide policy makers, disability advocates, reporters, and the public with a summary of the most recent demographic and economic statistics on the non-institutionalized population with disabilities. They contain information on the population size and disability prevalence for various demographic subpopulations, as well as statistics related to employment, earnings, household income, veterans' service-connected disability and health insurance. Comparisons are made to people without disabilities and across disability types. Disability Status Reports and other statistics are available for the United States overall, each state, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico at www.disabilitystatistics.org.

The Status Reports primarily look at the working-age population because the employment gap between people with and without disabilities is a major focus of government programs and advocacy efforts. Employment is also a key factor in the social integration and economic self-sufficiency of working-age people with disabilities.

The information in this report is based on data from the US Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS) - a survey sent each year to a random sample of over 3.5 million households. For more information see the Census Bureau's ACS website http://www.census.gov/acs/www/ and our Guide to Disability Statistics from the American Community Survey (2008 Forward): http://disabilitystatistics.org/sources.cfm.

The estimates in these reports are based on responses from a sample of the population and may differ from actual population values because of sampling variability and other factors. Differences observed between the estimates for two or more groups may not be statistically significant.

http://www.census.gov/people/disability/methodology/acs.html

 

Suggested Citation

Erickson, W. Lee, C., & von Schrader, S. (2021). 2016 Disability Status Report: Arkansas. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Yang Tan Institute on Employment and Disability (YTI).

We would like to thank Sara VanLooy, Jason Criss, and Joe Williams for their assistance with editing and production of this document.

ACS Disability Questions

There is no single accepted definition of disability. Different definitions and disability questions may identify different populations with disabilities and result in larger or smaller estimates.

Below are the six questions used in the ACS to identify persons with disabilities. Note that the Census Bureau refers to each of the individual types as "difficulty" while in this report the term "disability" is used.

  • Hearing Disability (asked of all ages):
    • Is this person deaf or does he/she have serious difficulty hearing?
  • Visual Disability (asked of all ages):
    • Is this person blind or does he/she have serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses?
  • Cognitive Disability (asked of persons ages 5 or older):
    • Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions?
  • Ambulatory Disability (asked of persons ages 5 or older):
    • Does this person have serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs?
  • Self-Care Disability (asked of persons ages 5 or older):
    • Does this person have difficulty dressing or bathing?
  • Independent Living Disability (asked of persons ages 15 or older):
    • Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping?

Note:

  • The "Any Disability" category used in this report includes persons who reported one or more of the individual disability types.
  • Respondents could report more than one disability type.
  • Some disability questions were not asked of children.
  • A separate set of survey questions identify veterans with service-connected disabilities. Based on a separate set of survey questions, this report includes estimates related to veterans' service-connected disability
    (see page 51).

 

Notes

Spanish Language Reports: Spanish language versions of the Annual Disability Status Reports for the US, all 50 states, Puerto Rico, and Washington D.C. can be downloaded at the same location as the English Status Reports. The Spanish translation was made possible through funding from the Northeast ADA Center and NIDILRR.

Puerto Rico: A Puerto Rico Disability Status Report, based on the parallel 2016 Puerto Rico Community Survey (PRCS), is available again this year in English as well as Spanish. However, please note that the Puerto Rico sample is not included in any U.S. population estimates included in these reports.

Group Quarters: In 2006, the ACS began surveying the group quarters population. We include the non-institutionalized group quarters population, but due to small state level sample sizes exclude the institutionalized group quarters population (see glossary) in the Disability Status Reports.

Margin of Error (MOE): As in previous years' reports we provide the 90% MOE to better illustrate sampling variability. See the glossary entry for more information on this topic.

Glossary: As in previous years, we provide a comprehensive glossary at the back of this report defining the terms used in the Disability Status Report (see glossary).

Note: According to the Census Bureau, estimates based on the ACS Public Use Microdata Sample (PUMS) file such as those included in this report may differ slightly from the ACS summary tables produced by the Census Bureau, because they are subject to additional sampling error and further data processing operations. Please see http://www.disabilitystatistics.org/faq.cfm#Q4 for further information.

Arkansas Summary

These statistics indicate the social and economic status of non-institutionalized people with disabilities in Arkansas, using data from the 2016 American Community Survey (ACS).

Age: In 2016, the prevalence of disability in AR was:

  • 17.0 percent for persons of all ages
  • 0.8 percent for persons ages 4 and under
  • 7.4 percent for persons ages 5 to 15
  • 8.6 percent for persons ages 16 to 20
  • 15.6 percent for persons ages 21 to 64
  • 31.1 percent for persons ages 65 to 74
  • 55.3 percent for persons ages 75+

Disability Type: In 2016, the prevalence of the six disability types among persons of all ages in AR was:

  • 3.3% reported a Visual Disability
  • 4.9% reported a Hearing Disability
  • 9.8% reported an Ambulatory Disability
  • 7.0% reported a Cognitive Disability
  • 3.5% reported a Self-Care Disability
  • 7.2% reported an Independent Living Disability

Gender: In 2016, 16.8 percent of females of all ages and 17.2 percent of males of all ages in AR reported a disability.

Hispanic/Latino: In 2016, the prevalence of disability among persons of all ages of Hispanic or Latino origin in AR was 8.0 percent.

Race: In AR in 2016, the prevalence of disability for working-age people (ages 21 to 64) was:

  • 15.2 percent among Whites
  • 18.2 percent among Black / African Americans
  • 6.1 percent among Asians
  • 26.6 percent among Native Americans
  • 14.2 percent among persons of some other race(s)

Employment: In 2016, the employment rate of working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities in AR was 32.0 percent.

Looking for Work: In AR in 2016, the percentage actively looking for work among people with disabilities who were not working was 4.8 percent.

Full-Time/Full-Year Employment: In AR in 2016, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities working full-time/full-year was 21.8 percent.

Annual Earnings: In 2016, the median annual earnings of working-age people with disabilities working full-time/full-year in AR was $35,300.

Annual Household Income: In AR in 2016, the median annual income of households with working-age people with disabilities was $35,900.

Poverty: In AR in 2016, the poverty rate of working-age people with disabilities was 29.2 percent.

Supplemental Security Income: In 2016, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities receiving SSI payments in AR was 20.6 percent.

Educational Attainment: In 2016, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities in AR:

  • with only a high school diploma or equivalent was 40.5 percent
  • with only some college or an associate degree was 30.4 percent
  • with a bachelor's degree or more was 9.2 percent.

Veterans Service-Connected Disability: In 2016, the percentage of working-age civilian veterans with a VA determined Service-Connected Disability was 25.6 percent in AR.

Health Insurance Coverage: In 2016 in AR, 92.5 percent of working-age people with disabilities had health insurance.

Prevalence: Ages 21 - 64

This summary lists percentages by state of non-institutionalized working-age (ages 21 to 64) people with disabilities using data from the 2016 American Community Survey (ACS). The US disability prevalence rate for this population was 10.9%

Location 2016 (%) Location 2016 (%)
Alabama 14.7 Montana 13.0
Alaska 12.3 Nebraska 10.2
Arizona 11.3 Nevada 11.4
Arkansas 15.6 New Hampshire 10.6
California 8.5 New Jersey 8.0
Colorado 9.0 New Mexico 13.3
Connecticut 8.7 New York 9.2
Delaware 9.8 North Carolina 12.3
District of Columbia 9.7 North Dakota 9.0
Florida 10.7 Ohio 12.3
Georgia 11.5 Oklahoma 15.1
Hawaii 8.0 Oregon 12.7
Idaho 12.2 Pennsylvania 12.2
Illinois 9.0 Puerto Rico 18.1
Indiana 12.4 Rhode Island 11.7
Iowa 10.1 South Carolina 13.3
Kansas 11.3 South Dakota 10.0
Kentucky 17.0 Tennessee 14.4
Louisiana 14.3 Texas 10.2
Maine 13.4 Utah 9.3
Maryland 9.1 Vermont 12.0
Massachusetts 9.3 Virginia 9.8
Michigan 13.1 Washington 11.3
Minnesota 8.9 West Virginia 18.5
Mississippi 15.1 Wisconsin 9.8
Missouri 13.2 Wyoming 12.4

Employment: Ages 21 - 64

This summary lists employment rates by state of non-institutionalized working-age (ages 21 to 64) people with disabilities using data from the 2016 American Community Survey (ACS). The employment rate in the US for this population was 36.2% for people with disabilities and 78.9% for people without disabilities.

Location People with Disabilities 2016 People without Disabilities 2016 Location People with Disabilities 2016 People without Disabilities 2016
Alabama 27.9 75.5 Montana 42.7 80.9
Alaska 49.4 77.6 Nebraska 49.8 85.7
Arizona 35.1 76.1 Nevada 42.6 77.6
Arkansas 32.0 77.6 New Hampshire 45.6 85.2
California 35.0 76.5 New Jersey 37.4 79.7
Colorado 42.8 81.5 New Mexico 31.6 73.9
Connecticut 39.0 81.4 New York 33.0 77.9
Delaware 36.2 79.2 North Carolina 35.2 78.3
District of Columbia 33.8 80.7 North Dakota 51.5 85.4
Florida 32.7 77.3 Ohio 35.7 80.2
Georgia 34.7 77.9 Oklahoma 36.5 77.7
Hawaii 40.5 81.2 Oregon 40.1 78.5
Idaho 42.9 77.9 Pennsylvania 35.2 80.0
Illinois 35.1 79.8 Puerto Rico 23.1 58.6
Indiana 36.9 81.2 Rhode Island 31.5 80.9
Iowa 45.8 84.3 South Carolina 33.4 78.0
Kansas 46.0 82.5 South Dakota 52.0 84.5
Kentucky 31.0 77.6 Tennessee 31.4 78.3
Louisiana 30.9 75.4 Texas 39.7 78.3
Maine 32.4 81.4 Utah 46.2 79.7
Maryland 42.2 82.5 Vermont 41.4 85.0
Massachusetts 38.9 82.3 Virginia 39.5 81.4
Michigan 33.6 78.3 Washington 39.2 79.0
Minnesota 48.7 85.5 West Virginia 27.9 72.6
Mississippi 29.0 74.8 Wisconsin 41.6 83.6
Missouri 34.2 81.0 Wyoming 47.0 80.6

Prevalence

All Ages

Introduction

This section addresses the prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people of all ages in Arkansas, using data from the 2016 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2016, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of people with a disability of all ages in AR was 17.0 percent.
  • In other words, in 2016, 498,800 of the 2,938,800 individuals of all ages in AR reported one or more disabilities.
  • In AR in 2016, among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest prevalence rate was for "Ambulatory Disability," 9.8 percent. The lowest prevalence rate was for "Visual Disability," 3.3 percent.

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people of all ages in Arkansas in 2016*

xxx
Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Any Disability 17.0 0.50 498,800 14,770 2,938,800 28,689
Visual 3.3 0.24 97,900 7,050 2,938,800 28,689
Hearing 4.9 0.29 143,600 8,470 2,938,800 28,689
Ambulatory 9.8 0.41 270,800 11,370 2,751,200 27,095
Cognitive 7.0 0.35 192,500 9,720 2,751,200 27,095
Self-Care 3.5 0.25 96,100 6,990 2,751,200 27,095
Independent Living 7.2 0.39 169,300 9,160 2,352,600 23,587

* Note: Children under the age of five were only asked about Vision and Hearing disabilities. The Independent Living disability question was only asked of persons aged 16 years old and older.

Prevalence

Ages 4 years and under

Introduction

This section focuses on the prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized children ages 4 and under in Arkansas, using data from the 2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Only the two sensory disability questions were asked of this population. For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2016, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of children with a visual and/or hearing disability ages 0 to 4 in AR was 0.8 percent.
  • In other words, in 2016, 1,500 of the 187,600 children ages 0 to 4 in AR reported one or more disabilities.
  • In AR in 2016, 0.3 percent reported a visual disability
  • In AR in 2016, 0.5 percent reported a hearing disability

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 4 and under in Arkansas in 2016

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Any Disability 0.8 3.29 1,500 870 187,600 1,594
Visual 0.3 3.29 500 530 187,600 1,594
Hearing 0.5 3.29 900 690 187,600 1,594

Prevalence

Ages 5 to 15 years

Introduction

This section focuses on the prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized children ages 5 to 15 in Arkansas, using data from the 2016 American Community Survey (ACS)*. For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2016, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of children with a disability ages 5 to 15 in AR was 7.4 percent.
  • In other words, in 2016, 32,700 of the 439,500 individuals ages 5 to 15 in AR reported one or more disabilities.
  • In AR in 2016, among the five types of disabilities* identified in the ACS, the highest prevalence rate was for "Cognitive Disability," 5.7 percent. The lowest prevalence rate was for "Ambulatory Disability," 0.8 percent.

Prevalence of disability* among non-institutionalized people ages 5 to 15 in Arkansas in 2016

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Any Disability 7.4 0.91 32,700 4,120 439,500 3,897
Visual 1.4 3.29 6,300 1,810 439,500 3,897
Hearing 1.3 3.29 5,500 1,700 439,500 3,897
Ambulatory 0.8 3.29 3,400 1,330 439,500 3,897
Cognitive 5.7 0.80 25,000 3,600 439,500 3,897
Self-Care 1.4 3.29 6,300 1,810 439,500 3,897

* Note: The "Independent Living Disability" question was not asked of children ages 15 years and younger.

Prevalence

Ages 16 to 20 years

Introduction

This section focuses on the prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 16 to 20 in Arkansas, using data from the 2016 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2016, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of people with a disability ages 16 to 20 in AR was 8.6 percent.
  • In other words, in 2016, 18,400 of the 212,700 individuals ages 16 to 20 in AR reported one or more disabilities.
  • In AR in 2016, among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest prevalence rate was for "Cognitive Disability," 6.4 percent. The lowest prevalence rate was for "Hearing Disability," 0.9 percent.

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 16 to 20 in Arkansas in 2016

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Any Disability 8.6 1.40 18,400 3,100 212,700 2,025
Visual 2.0 3.29 4,200 1,480 212,700 2,025
Hearing 0.9 3.29 1,900 1,000 212,700 2,025
Ambulatory 1.3 3.29 2,700 1,190 212,700 2,025
Cognitive 6.4 1.21 13,600 2,660 212,700 2,025
Self-Care 0.9 3.29 1,900 1,010 212,700 2,025
Independent Living 2.8 0.82 6,000 1,770 212,700 2,025

Prevalence

Ages 21 to 64 years

Introduction

This section focuses on the prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) in Arkansas, using data from the 2016 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2016, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of working age people (ages 21 to 64) with a disability in AR was 15.6 percent.
  • In other words, in 2016, 253,300 of the 1,627,400 individuals ages 21 to 64 in AR reported one or more disabilities.
  • In AR in 2016, among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest prevalence rate was for "Ambulatory Disability," 8.6 percent. The lowest prevalence rate was "Self-Care Disability," 2.7 percent.

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 21 to 64 in Arkansas in 2016

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Any Disability 15.6 0.65 253,300 11,030 1,627,400 15,422
Visual 3.0 0.31 48,900 5,020 1,627,400 15,422
Hearing 3.2 0.32 52,100 5,190 1,627,400 15,422
Ambulatory 8.6 0.50 139,500 8,360 1,627,400 15,422
Cognitive 6.2 0.43 100,700 7,150 1,627,400 15,422
Self-Care 2.7 0.29 44,500 4,800 1,627,400 15,422
Independent Living 5.1 0.39 82,500 6,490 1,627,400 15,422

Prevalence

Ages 65 to 74 years

Introduction

This section explores the prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 65 to 74 in Arkansas, using data from the 2016 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2016, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of people with a disability ages 65 to 74 in AR was 31.1 percent.
  • In other words, in 2016, 87,100 of the 280,100 individuals ages 65 to 74 in AR reported one or more disabilities.
  • In AR in 2016, among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest prevalence rate was for "Ambulatory Disability," 19.3 percent. The lowest prevalence rate was for "Visual Disability," 6.1 percent.

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 65 to 74 in Arkansas in 2016

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Any Disability 31.1 2.00 87,100 6,660 280,100 3,397
Visual 6.1 1.04 17,100 2,990 280,100 3,397
Hearing 12.0 1.40 33,500 4,170 280,100 3,397
Ambulatory 19.3 1.71 54,000 5,280 280,100 3,397
Cognitive 7.5 1.14 21,100 3,310 280,100 3,397
Self-Care 6.4 1.06 17,900 3,060 280,100 3,397
Independent Living 9.8 1.29 27,400 3,770 280,100 3,397

Prevalence

Ages 75 and Older

Introduction

This section focuses on the prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 75 and older in Arkansas, using data from the 2016 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2016, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of people with a disability ages 75 and older in AR was 55.3 percent.
  • In other words, in 2016, 105,900 of the 191,500 individuals ages 75 and older in AR reported one or more disabilities.
  • In AR in 2016, among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest prevalence rate was for "Ambulatory Disability," 37.2 percent. The lowest prevalence rate was for "Visual Disability," 11.0 percent.

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 75 and older in Arkansas in 2016

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Any Disability 55.3 2.60 105,900 7,320 191,500 2,354
Visual 11.0 1.64 21,000 3,310 191,500 2,354
Hearing 26.0 2.30 49,700 5,070 191,500 2,354
Ambulatory 37.2 2.53 71,300 6,040 191,500 2,354
Cognitive 16.8 1.96 32,300 4,090 191,500 2,354
Self-Care 13.3 1.78 25,500 3,640 191,500 2,354
Independent Living 27.5 2.34 52,600 5,210 191,500 2,354

Prevalence

Gender and Age

Introduction

This section examines the prevalence of disability among people by gender and age group in Arkansas, using data from the 2016 American Community Survey (ACS)*. For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In AR in 2016, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of males with a disability of all ages was 17.2 percent.
  • In other words, in 2016, 247,000 of the 1,435,800 males of all ages in AR reported one or more disabilities.
  • In AR in 2016, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of females with a disability of all ages was 16.8 percent.
  • In other words, in 2016, 251,800 of the 1,503,000 females of all ages in AR reported one or more disabilities.

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people by gender and age group in Arkansas in 2016

Gender & Age Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Males
Males: All Ages 17.2 0.72 247,000 10,910 1,435,800 13,821
Males: Ages 4 and under 0.5 3.29 500 490 99,400 843
Males: Ages 5-15 10.1 1.46 22,900 3,450 225,600 1,981
Males: Ages 16-20 10.9 2.16 12,000 2,510 109,900 1,028
Males: Ages 21-64 15.8 0.94 124,800 7,920 789,500 7,348
Males: Ages 65-74 33.7 3.00 44,100 4,770 130,800 1,618
Males: Ages 75+ 53.1 4.03 42,800 4,710 80,600 1,003
Females
Females: All Ages 16.8 0.70 251,800 11,000 1,503,000 14,868
Females: Ages 4 and under 1.1 3.29 1,000 720 88,200 751
Females: Ages 5-15 4.6 1.04 9,900 2,270 213,900 1,916
Females: Ages 16-20 6.2 1.72 6,400 1,830 102,800 997
Females: Ages 21-64 15.3 0.90 128,500 8,040 837,800 8,074
Females: Ages 65-74 28.8 2.69 43,000 4,720 149,400 1,779
Females: Ages 75+ 56.8 3.41 63,000 5,690 111,000 1,351

* Note: Children ages 0-4 were only asked about visual and hearing disabilities, children ages 5-15 were not asked the "Independent Living Disability" question.

Prevalence

Hispanic/Latino Origin and Age

Introduction

This section examines the prevalence of disability among people by Hispanic/Latino origin and age group in Arkansas, using data from the 2016 American Community Survey (ACS)*. For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In AR in 2016, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of disability among people of Hispanic/Latino origin of all ages was 8.0 percent.
  • In other words, in 2016, 17,000 of the 212,800 people of Hispanic/Latino origin of all ages in AR reported one or more disabilities.
  • In AR in 2016, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of disability among people of non-Hispanic/Latino origin of all ages was 17.7 percent.
  • In other words, in 2016, 481,800 of the 2,726,000 people of non-Hispanic/Latino origin of all ages in AR reported one or more disabilities.

* Note: Children ages 0-4 were only asked about visual and hearing disabilities, children age 5-15 were not asked the "Independent Living Disability" question.

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people by Hispanic / Latino origin and age group in Arkansas in 2016

Hispanic/Latino Origin & Age Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Hispanic
Hispanic - All Ages 8.0 1.35 17,000 2,980 212,800 1,493
Hispanic - Ages 4 and under 0.4 3.29 100 400 22,700 170
Hispanic - Ages 5-15 5.8 2.29 3,200 1,290 54,500 342
Hispanic - Ages 16-20 7.7 3.98 1,800 980 23,600 162
Hispanic - Ages 21-64 9.9 2.12 10,300 2,330 104,500 754
Hispanic - Ages 65-74 18.8 11.77 1,100 760 5,800 43
Hispanic - Ages 75+ 29.7 25.20 500 520 1,700 22
Non-Hispanic
Non-Hispanic - All Ages 17.7 0.53 481,800 14,570 2,726,000 27,196
Non-Hispanic - Ages 4 and under 0.8 3.29 1,400 840 164,900 1,424
Non-Hispanic - Ages 5-15 7.7 0.98 29,600 3,920 384,900 3,555
Non-Hispanic - Ages 16-20 8.8 1.49 16,600 2,940 189,100 1,863
Non-Hispanic - Ages 21-64 16.0 0.68 242,900 10,830 1,522,900 14,668
Non-Hispanic - Ages 65-74 31.4 2.03 86,000 6,620 274,300 3,354
Non-Hispanic - Ages 75+ 55.5 2.61 105,300 7,300 189,800 2,332

* Note: Children ages 0-4 were only asked about visual and hearing disabilities, children ages 5-15 were not asked the "Independent Living Disability" question.
Caution: Estimate based on small sample size (less than 40 individuals).

Prevalence

Race

Introduction

This section presents the disability prevalence rate among non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by race category in AR, using data from the 2016 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

In 2016, among working-age people in AR:

  • 15.2 percent of persons who were White reported a disability.
  • 18.2 percent of persons who were Black/African American reported a disability.
  • 26.6 percent of persons who were Native American reported a disability.
  • 6.1 percent of persons who were Asian reported a disability.
  • 14.2 percent of persons who were some other race(s) reported a disability.

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by race in Arkansas in 2016

Race Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
White 15.2 0.73 191,500 9,700 1,260,000 12,488
Black/African American 18.2 1.76 46,200 4,880 253,500 2,017
Native American or
Alaska Native
26.6 9.19 3,200 1,300 12,200 116
Asian 6.1 3.42 1,600 910 25,800 197
Some other race(s) 14.2 2.90 10,800 2,380 76,000 604

Employment

Introduction

This section examines the employment rates of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities in Arkansas, using data from the 2016 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2016, the employment rate of working-age people with disabilities in AR was 32.0 percent.
  • In 2016, the employment rate of working-age people without disabilities in AR was 77.6 percent.
  • The gap between the employment rates of working-age people with and without disabilities was 45.6 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest employment rate was for people with a "Hearing Disability," 45.1 percent. The lowest employment rate was for people with a "Self-Care Disability," 9.8 percent.

Employment of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by disability status in Arkansas in 2016

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 77.6 0.82 1,066,100 18,890 1,374,100 12,745
Any Disability 32.0 2.12 81,100 6,440 253,300 2,677
Visual 40.0 5.08 19,600 3,190 48,900 535
Hearing 45.1 4.99 23,500 3,500 52,100 544
Ambulatory 22.8 2.58 31,900 4,070 139,500 1,500
Cognitive 21.5 2.97 21,600 3,360 100,700 1,050
Self-Care 9.8 3.22 4,300 1,510 44,500 473
Independent Living 12.7 2.66 10,500 2,340 82,500 895

Not Working but Actively Looking for Work

Introduction

This section focuses on the percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities in Arkansas who are not working but actively looking for work, using data from the 2016 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2016 in AR, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities who were not working but actively looking for work was 4.8 percent.
  • In 2016 in AR, the percentage of working-age people without disabilities who were not working but actively looking for work was 14.7 percent.
  • The difference in the percentage not working but actively looking for work between working-age people with and without disabilities was 9.9 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest percentage of not working but actively looking for work was for people with a "Hearing Disability," 6.1 percent. The lowest percentage was for people with a "Self-Care Disability," 0.5 percent.

Percentage who are not working but actively looking for work among non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) in Arkansas in 2016

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 14.7 1.46 45,300 4,840 308,000 2,896
Any Disability 4.8 1.18 8,200 2,070 172,100 1,807
Visual 5.1 2.94 1,500 890 29,300 326
Hearing 6.1 3.24 1,700 960 28,600 283
Ambulatory 1.9 3.29 2,000 1,030 107,600 1,170
Cognitive 5.4 1.84 4,300 1,490 79,100 810
Self-Care 0.5 3.29 200 400 40,100 420
Independent Living 2.8 1.41 2,000 1,030 72,000 776

Full-Time / Full-Year Employment

Introduction

This section presents the percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities working full-time/full-year in Arkansas, using data from the 2016 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2016, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities working full-time/full-year in AR was 21.8 percent.
  • In 2016, the percentage of working-age people without disabilities working full-time/full-year in AR was 60.5 percent.
  • The difference in the percentage working full-time/full-year between working-age people with and without disabilities was 38.7 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest full-time/full-year employment rate was for people with "Hearing Disability," 34.4 percent. The lowest full-time/full-year employment rate was for people with "Self-Care Disability," 6.1 percent.

Full-Time/Full-Year employment of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by disability status in Arkansas in 2016

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 60.5 0.96 831,800 17,750 1,374,100 12,745
Any Disability 21.8 1.88 55,200 5,340 253,300 2,677
Visual 29.4 4.72 14,400 2,740 48,900 535
Hearing 34.4 4.77 17,900 3,060 52,100 544
Ambulatory 15.1 2.20 21,100 3,320 139,500 1,500
Cognitive 11.3 2.29 11,400 2,440 100,700 1,050
Self-Care 6.1 2.60 2,700 1,190 44,500 473
Independent Living 6.9 2.02 5,700 1,730 82,500 895

Annual Earnings (Full-Time / Full-Year workers)

Introduction

This section examines the median annual earnings of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities who work full-time/full-year in Arkansas, using data from the 2016 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2016, the median earnings of working-age people with disabilities who worked full-time/full-year in AR was $35,300.
  • In 2016, the median earnings of working-age people without disabilities who worked full-time/full-year in AR was $38,300.
  • The difference in the median earnings between working-age people with and without disabilities who worked full-time/full-year was $3,000.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest annual earnings was for people with "Hearing Disability," $41,000. The lowest annual earnings was for people with "Cognitive Disability," $29,700.

Median annual earnings of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) who work full-time/full-year by disability status in Arkansas in 2016

Disability Type Median Earnings MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability $38,300 $900 832,000 7,647
Any Disability $35,300 $2,950 55,000 584
Visual $36,300 $6,810 14,000 141
Hearing $41,000 $5,800 18,000 203
Ambulatory $35,300 $4,770 21,000 211
Cognitive $29,700 $4,410 11,000 120
Self-Care $32,200 $13,100 3,000 25
Independent Living $30,200 $7,610 6,000 61

Caution: Estimate based on small sample size (less than 40 individuals).

Annual Household Income

Introduction

This section illustrates the median annual income* of households that include any working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities in Arkansas, using data from the 2016 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2016, the median income of households that include any working-age people with disabilities in AR was $35,900.
  • In 2016, the median income of households that do not include any working-age people with disabilities in AR was $52,700.
  • The difference in the median income between households including and not including working-age people with disabilities was $16,800.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest median income was for households including persons with a "Hearing Disability," $46,900. The lowest median income was for households containing persons with a "Independent Living Disability" $29,200.

* Note: Household income is not available for persons living in group quarters.

Median annual income* of households including any working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by disability status in Arkansas in 2016

Disability Type Median H.H. Income MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability $52,700 $1,830 700,000 6,711
Any Disability $35,900 2,690 198,000 2,216
Visual $38,400 6,370 41,000 470
Hearing $46,900 6,490 45,000 516
Ambulatory $31,700 3,140 118,000 1,324
Cognitive $31,000 3,710 79,000 897
Self-Care $30,200 5,780 38,000 434
Independent Living $29,200 3,930 68,000 798

* Note: Household income is not available for persons living in group quarters.

Poverty

Introduction

This section examines the poverty rates* of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities in Arkansas, using data from the 2016 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2016, the poverty rate of working-age people with disabilities in AR was 29.2 percent.
  • In 2016, the poverty rate of working-age people without disabilities in AR was 13.3 percent.
  • The difference in the poverty rate between working-age people with and without disabilities was 15.9 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest poverty rate was for people with "Independent Living Disability," 36.7 percent. The lowest poverty rate was for people with "Hearing Disability," 18.8 percent.

* Note: The Census Bureau does not calculate poverty status for those people living in military group quarters or college dormitories.

Poverty rates* of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by disability status in Arkansas in 2016

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 13.3 0.90 181,400 12,840 1,367,700 12,633
Any Disability 29.2 2.81 73,700 8,340 252,700 2,668
Visual 31.0 6.53 15,000 3,800 48,500 530
Hearing 18.8 5.32 9,800 3,080 52,100 544
Ambulatory 31.0 3.85 43,200 6,420 139,500 1,500
Cognitive 35.4 4.69 35,500 5,830 100,400 1,046
Self-Care 32.4 6.90 14,400 3,730 44,500 473
Independent Living 36.7 5.22 30,300 5,380 82,500 895

* Note: The Census Bureau does not calculate poverty status for those people living in military group quarters or college dormitories.

Supplemental Security Income (SSI)

Introduction

This section focuses on the percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities who receive Supplemental Security Income (SSI) payments in Arkansas, using data from the 2016 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary. Please note that these results will differ from official Social Security Administration reports for several reasons. For additional information, please email DisabilityStatistics@cornell.edu.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2016, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities receiving Supplemental Security Income payments in AR was 20.6 percent.
  • In 2016, the number of working-age people with disabilities receiving Supplemental Security Income payments in AR was 52,200.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest percentage that received SSI was people with "Independent Living Disability," 28.6 percent. The lowest percentage that received SSI was people with "Hearing Disability," 11.4 percent.

Percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities who receive Supplemental Security Income (SSI) payments in Arkansas in 2016

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
Any Disability 20.6 1.84 52,200 5,190 253,300 2,677
Visual 18.9 4.06 9,200 2,200 48,900 535
Hearing 11.4 3.19 6,000 1,770 52,100 544
Ambulatory 23.1 2.59 32,300 4,090 139,500 1,500
Cognitive 28.0 3.24 28,200 3,830 100,700 1,050
Self-Care 27.7 4.86 12,300 2,540 44,500 473
Independent Living 28.6 3.61 23,600 3,500 82,500 895

Education

High School Diploma/Equivalent

Introduction

This section explores the percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities with only a high school diploma or equivalent in Arkansas, using data from the 2016 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2016, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities with only a high school diploma or equivalent in AR was 40.5 percent.
  • In 2016, the percentage of working-age people without disabilities with only a high school diploma or equivalent in AR was 32.3 percent.
  • The difference in the percentage with only a high school diploma or equivalent between working-age people with and without disabilities was 8.2 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest percentage with only a high school diploma or equivalent was for people with "Independent Living Disability," 44.3 percent. The lowest percentage with only a high school diploma or equivalent was for people with "Hearing Disability," 37.9 percent.

Percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with only a high school diploma or equivalent by disability status in AR in 2016

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 32.3 0.91 443,600 14,080 1,374,100 12,745
Any Disability 40.5 2.24 102,500 7,210 253,300 2,677
Visual 38.8 5.05 18,900 3,140 48,900 535
Hearing 37.9 4.87 19,800 3,210 52,100 544
Ambulatory 41.5 3.02 57,900 5,460 139,500 1,500
Cognitive 42.0 3.56 42,300 4,680 100,700 1,050
Self-Care 42.8 5.38 19,000 3,150 44,500 473
Independent Living 44.3 3.96 36,600 4,350 82,500 895

Education

Some College/Associate's Degree

Introduction

This section examines the percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities with only some college or an Associate's degree in Arkansas, using data from the 2016 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2016, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities with only some college or an Associate's degree in AR was 30.4 percent.
  • In 2016, the percentage of working-age people without disabilities with only some college or an Associate's degree in AR was 32.4 percent.
  • The difference in the percentage with only some college or an Associate's degree between working-age people with and without disabilities was 2 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest percentage with only some college or an Associate's degree was for people with "Ambulatory Disability," 31.8 percent. The lowest percentage with only some college or Associate's degree was for people with "Independent Living Disability," 25.3 percent.

Percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with only some college or an Associate's degree by disability status in Arkansas in 2016

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 32.4 0.91 444,700 14,100 1,374,100 12,745
Any Disability 30.4 2.09 76,900 6,270 253,300 2,677
Visual 30.5 4.77 14,900 2,790 48,900 535
Hearing 29.9 4.59 15,600 2,850 52,100 544
Ambulatory 31.8 2.86 44,400 4,790 139,500 1,500
Cognitive 26.0 3.17 26,100 3,690 100,700 1,050
Self-Care 27.0 4.82 12,000 2,500 44,500 473
Independent Living 25.3 3.47 20,900 3,300 82,500 895

Education

Bachelor's Degree or More

Introduction

This section presents the percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities with a Bachelor's degree or more in Arkansas, using data from the 2016 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2016, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities with a Bachelor's degree or more in AR was 9.2 percent.
  • In 2016, the percentage of working-age people without disabilities with a Bachelor's degree or more in AR was 25.1 percent.
  • The difference in the percentage with a Bachelor's degree or more between working-age people with and without disabilities was 15.9 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest percentage with a Bachelor's degree or more was for people with "Hearing Disability," 12.8 percent. The lowest percentage with a Bachelor's degree or more was for people with "Independent Living Disability," 5.4 percent.

Percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with a Bachelor's degree or more by disability status in Arkansas in 2016

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 25.1 0.85 345,100 12,660 1,374,100 12,745
Any Disability 9.2 1.32 23,400 3,490 253,300 2,677
Visual 9.8 3.08 4,800 1,580 48,900 535
Hearing 12.8 3.35 6,600 1,870 52,100 544
Ambulatory 7.5 1.62 10,500 2,340 139,500 1,500
Cognitive 7.0 1.84 7,100 1,920 100,700 1,050
Self-Care 7.6 2.88 3,400 1,330 44,500 473
Independent Living 5.4 1.80 4,400 1,520 82,500 895

Veterans Service-Connected Disability Rating

Introduction

This section presents the percentage of non-institutionalized working-age (ages 21 to 64) civilian veterans reporting a service-connected disability rating in Arkansas. The 2008 American Community Survey (ACS) asks if the veteran has a service-connected disability, and if so, what their rating is (0-100%). A "service-connected" disability is one that has been determined by the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) as being a result of disease or injury incurred or aggravated during military service. Note that a veteran can receive disability compensation for a wide range of conditions, and a veteran with a service-connected disability may not report having one of the six ACS functional or activity limitation disabilities. For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2016, there were 97,900 working-age civilian veterans in AR, of whom 25,100 had a VA service-connected disability.
  • In 2016, the percentage of working-age civilian veterans in AR with a VA service-connected disability was 25.6 percent.
  • In 2016, 7,900 working-age civilian veterans in AR had the most severe service-connected disability rating (70 percent or above).
  • In 2016, 31.6 percent of the working-age civilian veterans in AR who had a service connected disability had a service-connected disability rating of 70 percent or above.

Disability rating of working-age civilian veterans (ages 21 to 64) with a service-connected disability in Arkansas in 2016

Service-Connected Disability Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
Has a service-connected disability rating (0-100%) 25.6 3.20 25,100 3,610 97,900 990
Disability rating of veterans with a service connected-disability
0 percent 4.2 2.90 1,100 750 25,100 260
10 or 20 percent 23.4 6.13 5,900 1,750 25,100 260
30 or 40 percent 18.5 5.62 4,600 1,560 25,100 260
50 or 60 percent 16.3 5.35 4,100 1,470 25,100 260
70 percent or higher 31.6 6.73 7,900 2,030 25,100 260
Rating not reported 6.0 3.44 1,500 890 25,100 260

Health Insurance Coverage

Introduction

This section examines the health insurance coverage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities in Arkansas, using data from the 2016 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2016, 92.5 percent of working-age people with disabilities in AR had some type of health insurance coverage.
  • In 2016, 87.8 percent of working-age people without disabilities in AR had some type of health insurance coverage.
  • The difference in the health insurance coverage rate between working-age people with and without disabilities was 4.7 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest health insurance coverage rate was for people with "Ambulatory Disability," 95.5 percent. The lowest health insurance coverage rate was for people with "Visual Disability," 89.5 percent.

Health Insurance Coverage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by disability status in Arkansas in 2016

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 87.8 0.69 1,206,400 20,820 1,374,100 12,745
Any Disability 92.5 1.28 234,200 11,410 253,300 2,677
Visual 89.5 3.40 43,700 5,100 48,900 535
Hearing 91.1 3.06 47,500 5,310 52,100 544
Ambulatory 95.5 1.36 133,300 8,760 139,500 1,500
Cognitive 92.3 2.06 92,900 7,370 100,700 1,050
Self-Care 95.4 2.44 42,400 5,020 44,500 473
Independent Living 94.8 1.90 78,200 6,770 82,500 895

Type of Health Insurance Coverage

Introduction

This section examines the type of health insurance coverage for non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities in Arkansas, using data from the 2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Note that people can report more than one type of insurance coverage. For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2016, 29.3 percent of working-age people with disabilities in AR reported health insurance coverage through a current or former employer or union (theirs or another family member).
  • In 2016, 61.7 percent of working-age people without disabilities in AR reported health insurance coverage through a current or former employer or union (theirs or another family member).
  • In 2016, 13.2 percent of working-age people with disabilities in AR reported purchasing health insurance coverage directly from an insurance company (by themselves or another family member).
  • In 2016, 28.1 percent of working-age people with disabilities in AR reported Medicare coverage and 45.0 percent reported Medicaid coverage (or other government-assistance plan for those with low incomes or a disability).

Type of Health Insurance Coverage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by disability status in Arkansas in 2016

Disability Status/ Insurance Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
Any Disability
Uninsured 7.5 1.28 19,100 3,380 253,300 2,677
Employer/Union 29.3 2.22 74,300 6,610 253,300 2,677
Purchased 13.2 1.65 33,300 4,460 253,300 2,677
Medicare 28.1 2.19 71,100 6,470 253,300 2,677
Medicaid 45.0 2.43 113,900 8,120 253,300 2,677
Military/VA 7.6 1.29 19,300 3,400 253,300 2,677
Indian Health Service 1.1 3.29 2,800 1,300 253,300 2,677
No Disability
Uninsured 12.2 0.69 167,700 9,770 1,374,100 12,745
Employer/Union 61.7 1.02 847,200 19,130 1,374,100 12,745
Purchased 12.5 0.69 171,700 9,880 1,374,100 12,745
Medicare 3.0 0.36 41,900 4,990 1,374,100 12,745
Medicaid 14.2 0.73 194,500 10,470 1,374,100 12,745
Military/VA 3.9 0.41 52,900 5,600 1,374,100 12,745
Indian Health Service 0.6 3.29 8,500 2,270 1,374,100 12,745

Glossary

Actively Looking for Work

A person is defined as ACTIVELY looking for work if he or she reports looking for work during the last four weeks.

Ambulatory Disability

This disability type is based on the question (asked of persons ages 5 or older): Does this person have serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs?

Base Population (Base Pop.)

The estimated number of individuals upon which the calculation is based. (For percentages, this is the denominator).

Cognitive Disability

This disability type is based on the question (asked of persons ages 5 or older): Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions?

Disability and Disability Types

The ACS definition of disability is based on six questions. A person is coded as having a disability if he or she or a proxy respondent answers affirmatively for one or more of these six categories.

  • Hearing Disability (asked of all ages): Is this person deaf or does he/she have serious difficulty hearing?
  • Visual Disability (asked of all ages): Is this person blind or does he/she have serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses?
  • Cognitive Disability (asked of persons ages 5 or older): Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions?
  • Ambulatory Disability (asked of persons ages 5 or older): Does this person have serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs?
  • Self-care Disability (asked of persons ages 5 or older): Does this person have difficulty dressing or bathing?
  • Independent Living Disability (asked of persons ages 15 or older): Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor’s office or shopping?

Earnings

Earnings are defined as wages, salary, commissions, bonuses, or tips from all jobs including self-employment income (NET income after business expenses) from own nonfarm businesses or farm businesses, including proprietorships and partnerships.

Education

Our definition is based on the responses to the question: "What is the highest degree or level of school this person has completed? If currently enrolled, mark the previous grade or highest degree received." Our category "high school diploma/equivalent" includes those marking the ACS option "Regular high school diploma — GED or alternative credential." Our category "Some college/Associate's degree" includes those marking the ACS options: some college credit, but less than 1 year of college credit; one or more years of college credit but no degree, or "Associate's degree (for example: AA, AS)." Our category "a Bachelor's or more" includes those marking the ACS options: "Bachelor's degree (for example: BA, BS)"; "Master's degree (for example: MA, MS, MEng, MEd, MSW, MBA)"; "Professional degree (for example: MD, DDS, DVM, LLB, JD)"; or "Doctorate degree (for example: PhD, EdD)." Note in 2008 changes were made to some of the response categories and the layout of this question.

Employment

A person is considered employed if he or she is either

  1. “at work”: those who did any work at all during the reference week as a paid employee (worked in his or her own business or profession, worked on his or her own farm, or worked 15 or more hours as an unpaid worker on a family farm or business) or
  2. “with a job but not at work”: had a job but temporarily did not work at that job during the reference week due to illness, bad weather, industrial dispute, vacation or other personal reasons. The reference week is defined as the week preceding the date the questionnaire was completed.

Employment Rate

The employment rate is calculated by dividing the number of persons employed by the number of persons in that population.

** Note that the unemployment rate cannot be calculated using the employment rate:

  • The employment rate is the percentage of all persons who have a job.
  • The unemployment rate is the percentage of persons in the labor force who do not have a job but are actively looking for work. The labor force includes people who have a job, are on layoff, or who actively searched for work in the last four weeks.

Please see http://www.disabilitystatistics.org/faq.cfm#Q6 for more information on unemployment rate calculation and its implications.

Full-Time/Full-Year Employment

A person is considered employed full-time/full-year if he or she worked 35 hours or more per week (full-time) and 50 or more weeks per year (full-year). The reference period is defined as the year preceding the date the questionnaire was completed. Note: this does not signify whether a person is eligible for fringe benefits. The question and response categories regarding weeks worked per year was changed in 2008.

Group Quarters (GQ)

A GQ is a place where people live or stay that is normally owned or managed by an entity or organization providing housing and/or services for the residents. These services may include custodial or medical care as well as other types of assistance, and residency is commonly restricted to those receiving these services. People living in group quarters are usually not related to each other. Group quarters include such places as college residence halls, residential treatment centers, skilled nursing facilities, group homes, military barracks, correctional facilities, and workers' dormitories. See the definitions of institutional GQs and non-institutional GQs for more information. In addition, a description of the types of group quarters included in the 2008 ACS is located on the U.S. Census Bureau's Web site at www.census.gov/acs/www/Downloads/
2008_ACS_GQ_Definitions.pdf
.

Health Insurance Coverage

Is based on the following question: Is this person CURRENTLY covered by any of the following types of health insurance or health coverage plans? Mark "Yes" or "No" for EACH type of coverage in items a – h.

  1. Insurance through a current or former employer or union (of this person or another family member)
  2. Insurance purchased directly from an insurance company (by this person or another family member)
  3. Medicare, for people 65 and older, or people with certain disabilities
  4. Medicaid, Medical Assistance, or any kind of government-assistance plan for those with low incomes or a disability
  5. VA (including those who have ever used or enrolled for VA health care)
  6. TRICARE or other military health care
  7. Indian Health Service
  8. Any other type of health insurance or health coverage plan – Specify (Note: “Other type” were recoded into one of the categories a-g by the Census Bureau)

Hearing Disability

This disability type is based on the question (asked of all ages): Is this person deaf or does he/she have serious difficulty hearing?

Hispanic or Latino Origin

People of Hispanic or Latino origin are those who classify themselves in a specific Hispanic or Latino category in response to the question, "Is this person Spanish/Hispanic/Latino?" Specifically, those of Hispanic or Latino origin are those who are Cuban; Mexican, Mexican American, Chicano; Puerto Rican; or other Spanish/Hispanic/Latino. Origin may be the heritage, nationality group, lineage, or country of birth of the person or the person's parents or ancestors before their arrival in the United States. People who identify their origin as Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino may be of any race.

Household Income

Household Income is defined as the total income of a household including: wages, salary, commissions, bonuses, or tips from all jobs; self-employment income (NET income after business expenses) from own non-farm or farm businesses, including proprietorships and partnerships; interest, dividends, net rental income, royalty income, or income from real estates and trusts; Social Security or Railroad Retirement; Supplemental Security Income; any public assistance or welfare payments from the state or local welfare office; retirement, survivor or disability pensions; and any other regularly received income (e.g., Veterans' payments, unemployment compensation, child support or alimony). Median household income is calculated with the household as the unit of analysis, using household weights without adjusting for household size.

Independent Living Disability

This disability type is based on the question (asked of persons ages 15 or older): Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctors office or shopping?

Institutional Group Quarters (GQs)

Includes facilities for people under formally authorized, supervised care or custody at the time of enumeration. Generally, restricted to the institution, under the care or supervision of trained staff, and classified as "patients" or "inmates." Includes: correctional, nursing, and in-patient hospice facilities, psychiatric hospitals, juvenile group homes and residential treatment centers.

Margin of Error (MOE)

Data, such as data from the American Community Survey, is based on a sample, and therefore statistics derived from this data are subject to sampling variability. The margin of error (MOE) is a measure of the degree of sampling variability. In a random sample, the degree of sampling variation is determined by the underlying variability of the phenomena being estimated (e.g., income) and the size of the sample (i.e., the number of survey participants used to calculate the statistic). The smaller the margin of error, the lower the sampling variability and the more "precise" the estimate. A margin of error is the difference between an estimate and its upper or lower confidence bounds. Confidence bounds are calculated by adding the MOE to the estimate (upper bound) and subtracting the MOE from the estimate (lower bound). All margins of error in this report are based on a 90 percent confidence level. This means that there is a 90% certainty that the actual value lies somewhere between the upper and lower confidence bounds.

Non-Institutional Group Quarters (GQs)

Includes facilities that are not classified as institutional group quarters; such as college/university housing, group homes intended for adults, residential treatment facilities for adults, workers' group living quarters and Job Corps centers and religious group quarters.

Not Working but Actively Looking for Work

A person is defined as not working but actively looking for work if he or she reports not being employed, but has been looking for work during the last four weeks.

Number

This term appears in the tables; it refers to estimated number of people in the category. (for percentages, this is the numerator).

Poverty

The poverty measure is computed based upon the standards defined in Directive 14 from the Office of Management and Budget. These standards use poverty thresholds created in 1982 and index these thresholds to 2008 dollars using poverty factors based upon the Consumer Price Index. They use the family as the income sharing unit and family income is the sum of total income from each family member living in the household. The poverty threshold depends upon the size of the family; the age of the householder; and the number of related children under the age of 18.

Race

Race categories are based on the question, "[w]hat is this person's race? Mark (X) one or more races to indicate what this person considers himself/herself to be." Responses include the following: White; Black or African-American; American Indian or Alaska Native (print name of enrolled or principal tribe); Asian Indian; Chinese; Filipino; Japanese; Korean; Vietnamese; Other Asian (Print Race); Native Hawaiian; Guamanian or Chamarro; Samoan; Other Pacific Islander (Print Race Below); Some other race (print race below). "Other race" also contains people who report more than one race.

Sample Size

The number of survey participants used to calculate the statistic.

Self-care Disability

This disability type is based on the question (asked of persons ages 5 or older): 17c. Does this person have difficulty dressing or bathing?

Supplemental Security Income (SSI)

A person is defined as receiving SSI payments if he or she reports receiving (SSI) income in the 12 months prior to the survey.

Note: The Supplemental Security Income (SSI) does not apply to Puerto Rico. SSI is a federal cash assistance program that provides monthly payments to low-income aged, blind, or disabled persons in the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the Northern Mariana Islands.

Veteran Service-Connected Disability

A disease or injury determined to have occurred in or to have been aggravated by military service. A disability is evaluated according to the VA Schedule for Rating Disabilities in Title 38, CFR, and Part 4. Extent of disability is expressed as a percentage from 0% (for conditions that exist but are not disabling to a compensable degree) to 100%, in increments of 10%. This information was determined by the following two part question:

  1. Does this person have a VA service-connected disability rating?
    Yes (such as 0%, 10%, 20%, ... , 100%)
    No SKIP to question 28a
  2. What is this person’s service-connected disability rating?”
    Responses included: 0 percent; 10 or 20 percent; 30 or 40 percent; 50 or 60 percent; 70 percent or higher

Visual Disability

This disability type is based on the question:(asked of all ages): Is this person blind or does he/she have serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses?

About the Disability Status Reports

The Cornell University Disability Status Reports is produced and funded by the Yang Tan Institute at the Cornell University ILR School. This effort originated as a product of the Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Demographics and Statistics (StatsRRTC) funded to the Yang Tan Institute in the ILR School at Cornell University by the U.S. Department of Education, National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (grant No. H133B031111).

The contents of this report do not necessarily represent the policy of the Department of Education, and you should not assume endorsement by the Federal Government (Edgar, 75.620 (b)).

 

Contact Us

K. Lisa Yang and Hock E. Tan
Institute on Employment and Disability
Cornell University
Ithaca, New York 14853
Phone: 607.255.7727
Email: disabilitystatistics@cornell.edu
Web: www.disabilitystatistics.org