2008 Disability Status Report: Arizona

Table of Contents

The 2008 Annual Disability Status Report

The Annual Disability Status Reports provide policy makers, disability advocates, reporters, and the public with a summary of the most recent demographic and economic statistics on the non-institutionalized population with disabilities. They contain information on the population size and disability prevalence for various demographic subpopulations, as well as statistics related to employment, earnings, household income, veterans service-connected disability and health insurance. Comparisons are made to people without disabilities and across disability types. Disability Status Reports and other statistics are available for each state, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico at www.disabilitystatistics.org.

The Status Reports primarily look at the working-age population because the employment gap between people with and without disabilities is a major focus of government programs and advocacy efforts. Employment is also a key factor in the social integration and economic self-sufficiency of working-age people with disabilities.

The estimates in the 2008 Disability Status Report are based on American Community Survey (ACS) data — a US Census Bureau survey designed to replace the Decennial Census long form. See the ACS User Guide on www.disabilitystatistics.org for additional information on the ACS.

In 2008 the US Census Bureau made a number of significant changes to the ACS. These changes included an entirely new set of disability questions as described on the following page. Changes made to other 2008 ACS questions, including those regarding employment status and the number of weeks worked in the past 12 months (used to calculate full-time/full year employment status), also may have an impact on the results in this report. Because of these changes, comparisons should not be made with previous status reports or estimates. For a summary of all changes to the ACS 2008 survey see the following Census Bureau document: http://www.census.gov/acs/www/Downloads/SummaryResultsACS2006ContentTest.pdf.

The estimates in these reports are based on responses from a sample of the population and may differ from actual population values because of sampling variability and other factors. As a result, differences between the estimates for two or more groups may not be statistically significant.

Suggested Citation

Erickson, W. Lee, C., & von Schrader, S. (2010). 2008 Disability Status Report: Arizona. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Demographics and Statistics.

We would like to thank Sara VanLooy and Ali Goheer for their assistance with editing and production of this document.

2008 ACS Disability Questions

A number of major changes were made to the ACS disability questions in 2008. The US Census Bureau made these changes to better identify specific portions of the population of persons with disabilities, and to more clearly define disability as a functional limitation that may increase a person's risk of participation limitation. These changes mean that the population of persons with disabilities identified in 2008 is different from that identified in previous years, and the results should not be compared.

Below are the disability questions used in the 2008 ACS. Note that the Census Bureau refers to each of the individual types as "difficulty" while in this report the term "disability" is used.

  • Hearing Disability (asked of all ages):
    16a. Is this person deaf or does he/she have serious difficulty hearing?
  • Visual Disability (asked of all ages):
    16b. Is this person blind or does he/she have serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses?
  • Cognitive Disability (asked of persons ages 5 or older):
    17a. Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions?
  • Ambulatory Disability (asked of persons ages 5 or older):
    17b. Does this person have serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs?
  • Self-Care Disability (asked of persons ages 5 or older):
  • 17c. Does this person have difficulty dressing or bathing?
  • Independent Living Disability (asked of persons ages 15 or older):
    18. Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping?

The major changes from the previous ACS disability questions are:

  • Duration of limitation was removed and the term "serious" is used to focus on longer term/more severe impairments.
  • Employment Disability question is no longer asked.
  • Vision and Hearing Disabilities (was Sensory Disability) are now two separate questions and include children under the age of 5.
  • Cognitive Disability (was Mental Disability): dropped "learning" as an activity, added the activity "making decisions."
  • Ambulatory Disability (was Physical disability) is now limited to mobility related activities; "reaching, lifting, or carrying" activities dropped.
  • Self-Care Disability (was Self-Care disability): no longer includes phrase "Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition." The new question is limited to dressing and bathing activities, and the "getting around inside the home" activity is dropped.
  • Independent Living Disability (was Go-Outside-Home disability): dropped both the time restriction "lasting 6 months or more" and the phrase "Outside the home."

New Features and Notes

New Features

Additional Topics: Two new topics of special interest to disability were added to the revised 2008 ACS and have been included in the 2008 Disability Status Report: health insurance coverage and veteran's service-connected disability rating. As the two new sensory disability questions (visual and hearing disabilities) are asked of children ages 4 and under, estimates for this age group are included in this report.

Further Notes

Puerto Rico: A Puerto Rico Disability Status Report, based on the parallel 2008 Puerto Rico Community Survey, is available again this year. However, please note that the Puerto Rico sample is not included in any U.S. population estimates included in these reports.

Group Quarters: In 2006, the ACS began surveying the group quarters population. We include the non-institutionalized group quarters population, but due to small state level sample sizes exclude the institutionalized group quarters population (see glossary) in the Disability Status Reports.

Margin of Error (MOE): As in last year's report we provide the 90% MOE to better illustrate sampling variability. See the glossary entry for more information on this topic.

Glossary: As in previous years, we provide a comprehensive glossary at the back of this report defining the terms used in the Disability Status Report. (see glossary.)

Note: According to the Census Bureau, estimates based on the ACS Public Use Microdata Sample (PUMS) file may differ slightly from the ACS summary tables produced by the Census Bureau because they are subject to additional sampling error and further data processing operations. Please see http://www.ilr.cornell.edu/edi/disabilitystatistics/faq.cfm#Q4 for further information.

Arizona Summary

These statistics indicate the social and economic status of non-institutionalized people with disabilities in Arizona, using data from the 2008 American Community Survey (ACS). Comparisons to the 2007 Disability Status Report should not be made due to changes in the 2008 ACS questions.

Age: In 2008, the prevalence of disability in AZ was:

  • 12.0 percent for persons of all ages
  • 0.7 percent for persons ages 4 and under
  • 4.8 percent for persons ages 5 to 15
  • 5.1 percent for persons ages 16 to 20
  • 10.7 percent for persons ages 21 to 64
  • 23.9 percent for persons ages 65 to 74
  • 50.0 percent for persons ages 75+

Gender: In 2008, 12.3 percent of females of all ages and 11.6 percent of males of all ages in AZ reported a disability.

Hispanic/Latino: In 2008, the prevalence of disability among persons of all ages of Hispanic or Latino origin in AZ was 8.1 percent.

Race: In AZ in 2008, the prevalence of disability for working-age people (ages 21 to 64) was:

  • 10.3 percent among Whites
  • 13.1 percent among Black / African Americans
  • 6.1 percent among Asians
  • 17.8 percent among Native Americans
  • 11.5 percent among persons of some other race(s)

Employment: In 2008, the employment rate of working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities in AZ was 42.4 percent.

Looking for Work: In AZ in 2008, the percentage actively looking for work among people with disabilities who were not working was 8.5 percent.

Full-Time/Full-Year Employment: In AZ in 2008, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities working full-time/ full-year was 27.8 percent.

Annual Earnings: In 2008, the median annual earnings of working-age people with disabilities working full-time/full-year in AZ was $35,600.

Annual Household Income: In AZ in 2008, the median annual income of households with working-age people with disabilities was $43,000.

Poverty: In AZ in 2008, the poverty rate of working-age people with disabilities was 24.4 percent.

Supplemental Security Income: In 2008, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities receiving SSI payments in AZ was 14.1 percent.

Educational Attainment: In 2008, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities in AZ:

  • with only a high school diploma or equivalent was 28.7 percent
  • with only some college or an associate degree was 35.9 percent
  • with a bachelor's degree or more was 14.4 percent.

Veterans Service-Connected Disability: In 2008, the percentage of working-age civilian veterans with a VA determined Service-Connected Disability was 16.2 percent in AZ.

Health Insurance Coverage: In 2008 in AZ, 83.2 percent of working-age people with disabilities had health insurance.

Prevalence: Ages 21 - 64

This summary lists percentages by state of non-institutionalized working-age (ages 21 to 64) people with disabilities using data from the 2008 American Community Survey (ACS). Comparisons to the 2007 Disability Status Report should not be made due to changes in the 2008 ACS disability questions.

Location 2008 (%) Location 2008 (%)
Alabama 15.1 Montana 12.0
Alaska 12.9 Nebraska 8.4
Arizona 10.7 Nevada 8.7
Arkansas 16.6 New Hampshire 9.7
California 8.5 New Jersey 7.7
Colorado 8.3 New Mexico 12.4
Connecticut 8.5 New York 9.1
Delaware 10.8 North Carolina 11.7
District of Columbia 8.9 North Dakota 8.6
Florida 10.0 Ohio 11.6
Georgia 10.5 Oklahoma 16.0
Hawaii 7.2 Oregon 11.2
Idaho 10.9 Pennsylvania 11.3
Illinois 8.4 Puerto Rico 20.2
Indiana 11.6 Rhode Island 10.9
Iowa 9.6 South Carolina 12.7
Kansas 10.8 South Dakota 8.7
Kentucky 16.4 Tennessee 13.6
Louisiana 13.8 Texas 10.6
Maine 13.4 Utah 7.9
Maryland 8.6 Vermont 12.8
Massachusetts 9.3 Virginia 8.9
Michigan 11.8 Washington 10.6
Minnesota 7.9 West Virginia 18.7
Mississippi 16.3 Wisconsin 9.1
Missouri 12.6 Wyoming 11.9

Employment: Ages 21 - 64

This summary lists employment rates by state of non-institutionalized working-age (ages 21 to 64) people with disabilities using data from the 2008 American Community Survey (ACS). Comparisons to the 2007 Disability Status Report should not be made due to changes in the 2008 ACS disability questions.

Location People with Disabilities People without Disabilities Location People with Disabilities People without Disabilities
2008 2008 2008 2008
Alabama 33.1 78.1 Montana 43.7 81.0
Alaska 51.4 80.5 Nebraska 50.5 86.6
Arizona 42.4 78.2 Nevada 44.8 79.5
Arkansas 33.9 79.1 New Hampshire 46.4 84.6
California 37.2 77.3 New Jersey 41.7 81.3
Colorado 48.3 82.5 New Mexico 41.2 77.3
Connecticut 42.1 82.4 New York 36.2 78.9
Delaware 45.8 81.4 North Carolina 39.7 80.1
District of Columbia 33.1 80.6 North Dakota 60.2 87.0
Florida 36.6 78.4 Ohio 38.3 80.4
Georgia 40.8 79.2 Oklahoma 43.5 80.8
Hawaii 44.7 82.3 Oregon 41.2 79.0
Idaho 46.0 80.4 Pennsylvania 38.8 80.9
Illinois 39.5 80.0 Puerto Rico 25.0 59.4
Indiana 39.8 80.6 Rhode Island 39.8 81.4
Iowa 52.5 86.9 South Carolina 33.9 77.6
Kansas 51.3 85.0 South Dakota 61.4 86.0
Kentucky 30.8 77.0 Tennessee 35.6 79.1
Louisiana 36.6 77.6 Texas 42.9 79.6
Maine 39.5 81.4 Utah 45.9 80.1
Maryland 44.7 83.8 Vermont 48.8 84.0
Massachusetts 39.9 82.5 Virginia 41.5 82.6
Michigan 33.6 76.8 Washington 41.0 80.5
Minnesota 52.4 84.8 West Virginia 30.5 76.7
Mississippi 33.2 77.9 Wisconsin 45.1 84.3
Missouri 39.5 81.5 Wyoming 56.6 84.9

Prevalence

All Ages

Introduction

This section addresses the prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people of all ages in Arizona, using data from the 2008 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary. Comparisons to the 2007 Disability Status Report should not be made due to changes in the 2008 ACS disability questions.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2008, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of people with a disability of all ages in AZ was 12.0 percent.
  • In other words, in 2008, 770,300 of the 6,426,800 individuals of all ages in AZ reported one or more disabilities.
  • In AZ in 2008, among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest prevalence rate was for "Ambulatory Disability," 6.7 percent. The lowest prevalence rate was for "Self-Care Disability," 2.4 percent.

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people of all ages in Arizona in 2008*

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Any Disability 12.0 0.29 770,300 18,880 6,426,800 60,643
Visual 2.6 0.14 164,000 9,160 6,426,800 60,643
Hearing 3.7 0.17 234,600 10,900 6,426,800 60,643
Ambulatory 6.7 0.24 396,500 13,980 5,906,200 56,590
Cognitive 4.5 0.20 266,900 11,590 5,906,200 56,590
Self-Care 2.4 0.15 144,200 8,600 5,906,200 56,590
Independent Living 5.3 0.23 261,300 11,480 4,976,500 48,114

* Note: Children under the age of five were only asked about Vision and Hearing disabilities. The Independent Living disability question was only asked of persons aged 16 years old and older.

Prevalence

Ages 4 years and under

Introduction

This section focuses on the prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized children ages 4 and under in Arizona, using data from the 2008 American Community Survey (ACS). Only the two sensory disability questions were asked of this population. Comparisons to the 2007 Disability Status Report should not be made due to changes in the 2008 ACS disability questions. For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2008, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of children with a visual and/or hearing disability ages 0 to 4 in AZ was 0.7 percent.
  • In other words, in 2008, 3,700 of the 520,600 children ages 0 to 4 in AZ reported one or more disabilities.
  • In AZ in 2008, 0.3 reported a visual disability
  • In AZ in 2008, 0.5 reported a hearing disability

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 4 and under in Arizona in 2008

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Any Disability 0.7 3.29 3,700 1,390 520,600 4,053
Visual 0.3 3.29 1,800 980 520,600 4,053
Hearing 0.5 3.29 2,600 1,160 520,600 4,053

Prevalence

Ages 5 to 15 years

Introduction

This section focuses on the prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized children ages 5 to 15 in Arizona, using data from the 2008 American Community Survey (ACS)*. For definitions of terms, see Glossary. Comparisons to the 2007 Disability Status Report should not be made due to changes in the 2008 ACS disability questions.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2008, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of children with a disability ages 5 to 15 in AZ was 4.8 percent.
  • In other words, in 2008, 49,100 of the 1,021,100 individuals ages 5 to 15 in AZ reported one or more disabilities.
  • In AZ in 2008, among the five types of disabilities* identified in the ACS, the highest prevalence rate was for "Cognitive Disability," 3.3 percent. The lowest prevalence rate was for "Hearing Disability," 0.7 percent.

Prevalence of disability* among non-institutionalized people ages 5 to 15 in Arizona in 2008

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Any Disability 4.8 0.49 49,100 5,060 1,021,100 9,364
Visual 0.9 3.29 9,500 2,230 1,021,100 9,364
Hearing 0.7 3.29 6,900 1,900 1,021,100 9,364
Ambulatory 0.7 3.29 7,600 2,000 1,021,100 9,364
Cognitive 3.3 0.40 33,300 4,170 1,021,100 9,364
Self-Care 1.0 3.29 9,800 2,260 1,021,100 9,364

* Note: The "Independent Living Disability" question was not asked of children ages 15 years and younger.

Prevalence

Ages 16 to 20 years

Introduction

This section focuses on the prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 16 to 20 in Arizona, using data from the 2008 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary. Comparisons to the 2007 Disability Status Report should not be made due to changes in the 2008 ACS disability questions.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2008, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of people with a disability ages 16 to 20 in AZ was 5.1 percent.
  • In other words, in 2008, 21,900 of the 428,500 individuals ages 16 to 20 in AZ reported one or more disabilities.
  • In AZ in 2008, among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest prevalence rate was for "Cognitive Disability," 3.0 percent. The lowest prevalence rate was for "Hearing Disability," 0.6 percent.

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 16 to 20 in Arizona in 2008

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Any Disability 5.1 0.77 21,900 3,380 428,500 3,879
Visual 1.5 3.29 6,300 1,820 428,500 3,879
Hearing 0.6 3.29 2,400 1,130 428,500 3,879
Ambulatory 0.8 3.29 3,600 1,380 428,500 3,879
Cognitive 3.0 0.60 12,900 2,600 428,500 3,879
Self-Care 0.6 3.29 2,500 1,140 428,500 3,879
Independent Living 1.3 3.29 5,600 1,720 428,500 3,879

Prevalence

Ages 21 to 64 years

Introduction

This section focuses on the prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) in Arizona, using data from the 2008 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary. Comparisons to the 2007 Disability Status Report should not be made due to changes in the 2008 ACS disability questions.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2008, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of working age people (ages 21 to 64) with a disability in AZ was 10.7 percent.
  • In other words, in 2008, 387,100 of the 3,605,700 individuals ages 21 to 64 in AZ reported one or more disabilities.
  • In AZ in 2008, among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest prevalence rate was for "Ambulatory Disability," 5.3 percent. The lowest prevalence rate was "Self-Care Disability," 1.8 percent.

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 21 to 64 in Arizona in 2008

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Any Disability 10.7 0.37 387,100 13,830 3,605,700 33,728
Visual 2.2 0.18 80,500 6,460 3,605,700 33,728
Hearing 2.2 0.18 79,600 6,430 3,605,700 33,728
Ambulatory 5.3 0.27 192,000 9,890 3,605,700 33,728
Cognitive 4.1 0.24 147,300 8,700 3,605,700 33,728
Self-Care 1.8 3.29 66,100 5,860 3,605,700 33,728
Independent Living 3.5 0.22 126,100 8,060 3,605,700 33,728

Prevalence

Ages 65 to 74 years

Introduction

This section explores the prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 65 to 74 in Arizona, using data from the 2008 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary. Comparisons to the 2007 Disability Status Report should not be made due to changes in the 2008 ACS disability questions.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2008, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of people with a disability ages 65 to 74 in AZ was 23.9 percent.
  • In other words, in 2008, 107,000 of the 447,700 individuals ages 65 to 74 in AZ reported one or more disabilities.
  • In AZ in 2008, among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest prevalence rate was for "Ambulatory Disability," 14.7 percent. The lowest prevalence rate was for "Self-Care Disability," 3.8 percent.

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 65 to 74 in Arizona in 2008

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Any Disability 23.9 1.46 107,000 7,430 447,700 5,478
Visual 4.2 0.69 18,900 3,150 447,700 5,478
Hearing 8.9 0.97 39,700 4,550 447,700 5,478
Ambulatory 14.7 1.21 65,600 5,840 447,700 5,478
Cognitive 4.3 0.70 19,500 3,190 447,700 5,478
Self-Care 3.8 0.66 17,200 3,000 447,700 5,478
Independent Living 6.6 0.85 29,400 3,920 447,700 5,478

Prevalence

Ages 75 and Older

Introduction

This section focuses on the prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 75 and older in Arizona, using data from the 2008 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary. Comparisons to the 2007 Disability Status Report should not be made due to changes in the 2008 ACS disability questions,

Quick Statistics

  • In 2008, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of people with a disability ages 75 and older in AZ was 50.0 percent.
  • In other words, in 2008, 201,600 of the 403,200 individuals ages 75 and older in AZ reported one or more disabilities.
  • In AZ in 2008, among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest prevalence rate was for "Ambulatory Disability," 31.7 percent. The lowest prevalence rate was for "Visual Disability," 11.6 percent.

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people ages 75 and older in Arizona in 2008

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Any Disability 50.0 1.80 201,600 10,130 403,200 4,141
Visual 11.6 1.16 47,000 4,950 403,200 4,141
Hearing 25.6 1.58 103,400 7,310 403,200 4,141
Ambulatory 31.7 1.68 127,700 8,110 403,200 4,141
Cognitive 13.4 1.23 53,800 5,300 403,200 4,141
Self-Care 12.0 1.17 48,600 5,030 403,200 4,141
Independent Living 24.4 1.55 98,500 7,140 403,200 4,141

Prevalence

Gender and Age

Introduction

This section examines the prevalence of disability among people by gender and age group in Arizona, using data from the 2008 American Community Survey (ACS)*. For definitions of terms, see Glossary. Comparisons to the 2007 Disability Status Report should not be made due to changes in the 2008 ACS disability questions.

Quick Statistics

  • In AZ in 2008, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of males with a disability of all ages was 11.6 percent.
  • In other words, in 2008, 372,300 of the 3,198,700 males of all ages in AZ reported one or more disabilities.
  • In AZ in 2008, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of females with a disability of all ages was 12.3 percent.
  • In other words, in 2008, 398,000 of the 3,228,100 females of all ages in AZ reported one or more disabilities.

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people by gender and age group in Arizona in 2008

Gender & Age Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Males
Males: All Ages 11.6 0.47 372,300 15,510 3,198,700 29,517
Males: Ages 4 and under 0.7 3.29 1,700 1,090 267,200 2,080
Males: Ages 5-15 5.6 0.83 29,600 4,490 528,700 4,876
Males: Ages 16-20 5.7 1.29 12,700 2,950 221,300 1,989
Males: Ages 21-64 10.6 0.60 189,900 11,240 1,799,600 16,150
Males: Ages 65-74 25.8 2.50 54,200 6,070 210,400 2,616
Males: Ages 75+ 49.1 3.16 84,200 7,550 171,700 1,806
Females
Females: All Ages 12.3 0.48 398,000 16,010 3,228,100 31,126
Females: Ages 4 and under 0.8 3.29 1,900 1,150 253,400 1,973
Females: Ages 5-15 4.0 0.73 19,500 3,660 492,500 4,488
Females: Ages 16-20 4.4 1.18 9,200 2,510 207,300 1,890
Females: Ages 21-64 10.9 0.61 197,200 11,450 1,806,100 17,578
Females: Ages 65-74 22.2 2.24 52,800 5,990 237,300 2,862
Females: Ages 75+ 50.7 2.72 117,400 8,890 231,500 2,335

* Note: Children ages 0-4 were only asked about visual and hearing disabilities, children ages 5-15 were not asked the "Independent Living Disability" question.

Prevalence

Hispanic/Latino Origin and Age

Introduction

This section examines the prevalence of disability among people by Hispanic/Latino origin and age group in Arizona, using data from the 2008 American Community Survey (ACS)*. For definitions of terms, see Glossary. Comparisons to the 2007 Disability Status Report should not be made due to changes in the 2008 ACS disability questions.

Quick Statistics

  • In AZ in 2008, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of disability among people of Hispanic/Latino origin of all ages was 8.1 percent.
  • In other words, in 2008, 157,000 of the 1,939,200 people of Hispanic/Latino origin of all ages in AZ reported one or more disabilities.
  • In AZ in 2008, the overall percentage (prevalence rate) of disability among people of non-Hispanic/Latino origin of all ages was 13.7 percent.
  • In other words, in 2008, 613,300 of the 4,487,600 people of non-Hispanic/Latino origin of all ages in AZ reported one or more disabilities.

* Note: Children ages 0-4 were only asked about visual and hearing disabilities, children age 5-15 were not asked the "Independent Living Disability" question.

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized people by Hispanic / Latino origin and age group in Arizona in 2008

Hispanic/Latino Origin & Age Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
Hispanic
Hispanic - All Ages 8.1 0.45 157,000 8,970 1,939,200 15,563
Hispanic - Ages 4 and under 0.6 3.29 1,500 880 240,700 1,630
Hispanic - Ages 5-15 4.7 0.74 20,300 3,260 432,900 3,647
Hispanic - Ages 16-20 4.7 1.21 7,500 1,980 159,600 1,383
Hispanic - Ages 21-64 8.5 0.63 85,900 6,670 1,012,300 7,931
Hispanic - Ages 65-74 32.7 4.49 18,800 3,130 57,300 608
Hispanic - Ages 75+ 63.6 5.78 23,100 3,480 36,400 364
Non-Hispanic
Non-Hispanic - All Ages 13.7 0.37 613,300 17,080 4,487,600 45,080
Non-Hispanic - Ages 4 and under 0.8 3.29 2,200 1,070 279,900 2,423
Non-Hispanic - Ages 5-15 4.9 0.65 28,900 3,880 588,200 5,717
Non-Hispanic - Ages 16-20 5.3 0.99 14,400 2,740 268,900 2,496
Non-Hispanic - Ages 21-64 11.6 0.46 301,200 12,280 2,593,400 25,797
Non-Hispanic - Ages 65-74 22.6 1.53 88,200 6,760 390,400 4,870
Non-Hispanic - Ages 75+ 48.6 1.89 178,500 9,550 366,800 3,777

* Note: Children ages 0-4 were only asked about visual and hearing disabilities, children ages 5-15 were not asked the "Independent Living Disability" question.

Prevalence

Race

Introduction

This section presents the disability prevalence rate among non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by race category in AZ, using data from the 2008 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary. Comparisons to the 2007 Disability Status Report should not be made due to changes in the 2008 ACS disability questions.

Quick Statistics

In 2008, among working-age people in AZ:

  • 10.3 percent of persons who were White reported a disability.
  • 13.1 percent of persons who were Black/African American reported a disability.
  • 17.8 percent of persons who were Native American reported a disability.
  • 6.1 percent of persons who were Asian reported a disability.
  • 11.5 percent of persons who were some other race(s) reported a disability.

Prevalence of disability among non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by race in Arizona in 2008

Race Percent MOE Number MOE Base Population Sample Size
White 10.3 0.41 302,100 12,300 2,919,600 27,296
Black/African American 13.1 2.18 16,500 2,940 126,100 1,063
Native American or
Alaska Native
17.8 2.23 27,400 3,780 154,100 1,676
Asian 6.1 1.70 6,300 1,820 104,000 1,031
Some other race(s) 11.5 1.33 34,700 4,260 301,800 2,662

Employment

Introduction

This section examines the employment rates of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities in Arizona, using data from the 2008 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary. Comparisons to the 2007 Disability Status Report should not be made due to changes in the 2008 ACS disability questions.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2008, the employment rate of working-age people with disabilities in AZ was 42.4 percent.
  • In 2008, the employment rate of working-age people without disabilities in AZ was 78.2 percent.
  • The gap between the employment rates of working-age people with and without disabilities was 35.8 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest employment rate was for people with a "Hearing Disability," 58.4 percent. The lowest employment rate was for people with a "Self-Care Disability," 17.3 percent.

Employment of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by disability status in Arizona in 2008

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 78.2 0.53 2,517,200 28,360 3,218,600 30,175
Any Disability 42.4 1.82 164,000 9,160 387,100 3,553
Visual 50.7 4.04 40,800 4,610 80,500 658
Hearing 58.4 4.00 46,600 4,930 79,600 798
Ambulatory 30.0 2.40 57,700 5,480 192,000 1,812
Cognitive 27.9 2.68 41,100 4,630 147,300 1,256
Self-Care 17.3 3.37 11,500 2,450 66,100 586
Independent Living 18.4 2.50 23,200 3,480 126,100 1,125

Not Working but Actively Looking for Work

Introduction

This section focuses on the percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities in Arizona who are not working but actively looking for work, using data from the 2008 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary. Comparisons to the 2007 Disability Status Report should not be made due to changes in the 2008 ACS disability questions.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2008 in AZ, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities who were not working but actively looking for work was 8.5 percent.
  • In 2008 in AZ, the percentage of working-age people without disabilities who were not working but actively looking for work was 18.6 percent.
  • The difference in the percentage not working but actively looking for work between working-age people with and without disabilities was 10.1 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest percentage of not working but actively looking for work was for people with a "Visual Disability," 11.0 percent. The lowest percentage was for people with a "Self-Care Disability," 4.4 percent.

Percentage who are not working but actively looking for work among non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) in Arizona in 2008

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 18.6 0.99 130,600 7,610 701,400 6,675
Any Disability 8.5 1.26 18,900 2,920 223,100 2,076
Visual 11.0 3.34 4,400 1,410 39,700 341
Hearing 7.3 3.04 2,400 1,050 33,100 341
Ambulatory 6.1 1.39 8,300 1,930 134,300 1,266
Cognitive 8.7 1.84 9,300 2,050 106,200 914
Self-Care 4.4 1.87 2,400 1,040 54,700 484
Independent Living 4.9 1.43 5,100 1,520 102,900 919

Full-Time / Full-Year Employment

Introduction

This section presents the percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities working full-time/full-year in Arizona, using data from the 2008 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary. Comparisons to the 2007 Disability Status Report should not be made due to changes in the 2008 ACS questions regarding the number of weeks worked in the past 12 months and disability.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2008, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities working full-time/full-year in AZ was 27.8 percent.
  • In 2008, the percentage of working-age people without disabilities working full-time/full-year in AZ was 59.7 percent.
  • The difference in the percentage working full-time/full-year between working-age people with and without disabilities was 31.9 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest full-time/full-year employment rate was for people with "Hearing Disability," 39.6 percent. The lowest full-time/full-year employment rate was for people with "Independent Living Disability," 9.6 percent.

Full-Time/Full-Year employment of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by disability status in Arizona in 2008

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 59.7 0.63 1,922,100 26,660 3,218,600 30,175
Any Disability 27.8 1.65 107,800 7,460 387,100 3,553
Visual 34.6 3.84 27,800 3,810 80,500 658
Hearing 39.6 3.97 31,500 4,060 79,600 798
Ambulatory 20.5 2.11 39,300 4,530 192,000 1,812
Cognitive 14.9 2.13 22,000 3,390 147,300 1,256
Self-Care 10.6 2.74 7,000 1,920 66,100 586
Independent Living 9.6 1.90 12,100 2,520 126,100 1,125

Annual Earnings (Full-Time / Full-Year workers)

Introduction

This section examines the median annual earnings of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities who work full-time/full-year in Arizona, using data from the 2008 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary. Comparisons to the 2007 Disability Status Report should not be made due to changes in the ACS disability questions.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2008, the median earnings of working-age people with disabilities who worked full-time/full-year in AZ was $35,600.
  • In 2008, the median earnings of working-age people without disabilities who worked full-time/full-year in AZ was $38,700.
  • The difference in the median earnings between working-age people with and without disabilities who worked full-time/full-year was $3,100.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest annual earnings was for people with "Visual Disability," $40,700. The lowest annual earnings was for people with "Cognitive Disability," $27,500.

Caution: Estimate based on small sample size (less than 40 individuals).

Median annual earnings of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) who work full-time/full-year by disability status in Arizona in 2008

Disability Type Median Earnings MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability $38,700 $670 1,922,000 17,891
Any Disability $35,600 $2,270 108,000 978
Visual $40,700 $5,910 28,000 201
Hearing $38,700 $4,280 32,000 313
Ambulatory $34,600 $3,230 39,000 370
Cognitive $27,500 $5,360 22,000 188
Self-Care $30,600 $6,370 7,000 63
Independent Living $29,700 $5,220 12,000 112

Annual Household Income

Introduction

This section illustrates the median annual income of households that include any working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities in Arizona, using data from the 2008 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary. Comparisons to the 2007 Disability Status Report should not be made due to changes in the 2008 ACS disability questions.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2008, the median income of households that include any working-age people with disabilities in AZ was $43,000.
  • In 2008, the median income of households that do not include any working-age people with disabilities in AZ was $59,100.
  • The difference in the median income between households including and not including working-age people with disabilities was $16,100.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest median income was for households including persons with a "Hearing Disability," $50,900. The lowest median income was for households containing persons with a "Cognitive Disability," $35,300.

Note: Household income is not available for persons living in group quarters.
Caution: Estimate based on small sample size (less than 40 individuals).

Median annual income of households including any working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by disability status in Arizona in 2008

Disability Type Median H.H. Income MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability $59,100 $1,230 1,559,000 16,124
Any Disability $43,000 2,530 291,000 3,084
Visual $42,000 5,270 65,000 609
Hearing $50,900 5,400 69,000 763
Ambulatory $40,200 3,390 153,000 1,651
Cognitive $35,300 3,630 104,000 1,116
Self-Care $37,900 4,970 52,000 553
Independent Living $38,600 4,070 92,000 1,027

Note: Household income is not available for persons living in group quarters.

Poverty

Introduction

This section examines the poverty rates of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities in Arizona, using data from the 2008 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary. Comparisons to the 2007 Disability Status Report should not be made due to changes in the 2008 ACS disability questions.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2008, the poverty rate of working-age people with disabilities in AZ was 24.4 percent.
  • In 2008, the poverty rate of working-age people without disabilities in AZ was 11.0 percent.
  • The difference in the poverty rate between working-age people with and without disabilities was 13.4 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest poverty rate was for people with "Cognitive Disability," 32.6 percent. The lowest poverty rate was for people with "Hearing Disability," 17.2 percent.

Note: The Census Bureau does not calculate poverty status for those people living in military group quarters or college dormitories.
Caution: Estimate based on small sample size (less than 40 individuals).

Poverty rates of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by disability status in Arizona in 2008

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 11.0 0.57 354,300 18,950 3,212,600 30,116
Any Disability 24.4 2.26 94,400 9,990 386,700 3,550
Visual 25.2 5.01 20,200 4,650 80,500 658
Hearing 17.2 4.38 13,700 3,820 79,400 796
Ambulatory 25.6 3.26 49,200 7,230 192,000 1,812
Cognitive 32.6 4.00 47,900 7,140 147,100 1,254
Self-Care 30.8 5.88 20,400 4,670 66,100 586
Independent Living 30.9 4.26 38,900 6,440 126,100 1,125

Note: The Census Bureau does not calculate poverty status for those people living in military group quarters or college dormitories.

Supplemental Security Income (SSI)

Introduction

This section focuses on the percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities who receive Supplemental Security Income (SSI) payments in Arizona, using data from the 2008 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary. Comparisons to the 2007 Disability Status Report should not be made due to changes in the 2008 ACS disability questions. Please note that these results will differ from official Social Security Administration reports for several reasons. For additional information, please email DisabilityStatistics@cornell.edu.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2008, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities receiving Supplemental Security Income payments in AZ was 14.1 percent.
  • In 2008, the number of working-age people with disabilities receiving Supplemental Security Income payments in AZ was 54,800.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest percentage that received SSI was people with "Independent Living Disability," 28.7 percent. The lowest percentage that received SSI was people with "Hearing Disability," 9.2 percent.

Percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities who receive Supplemental Security Income (SSI) payments in Arizona in 2008

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
Any Disability 14.1 1.19 54,800 4,960 387,100 3,553
Visual 11.2 2.37 9,000 2,020 80,500 658
Hearing 9.2 2.18 7,300 1,820 79,600 798
Ambulatory 15.9 1.78 30,500 3,710 192,000 1,812
Cognitive 24.7 2.39 36,400 4,050 147,300 1,256
Self-Care 28.3 3.73 18,700 2,910 66,100 586
Independent Living 28.7 2.71 36,200 4,040 126,100 1,125

Education

High School Diploma/Equivalent

Introduction

This section explores the percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities with only a high school diploma or equivalent in Arizona, using data from the 2008 American Community Survey (ACS). Comparisons to the 2007 Disability Status Report should not be made due to changes in the 2008 ACS disability questions. For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2008, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities with only a high school diploma or equivalent in AZ was 28.7 percent.
  • In 2008, the percentage of working-age people without disabilities with only a high school diploma or equivalent in AZ was 23.3 percent.
  • The difference in the percentage with only a high school diploma or equivalent between working-age people with and without disabilities was 5.4 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest percentage with only a high school diploma or equivalent was for people with "Independent Living Disability," 33.9 percent. The lowest percentage with only a high school diploma or equivalent was for people with "Visual Disability," 28.0 percent.

Percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with only a high school diploma or equivalent by disability status in AZ in 2008

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 23.3 0.58 750,800 20,010 3,218,600 30,175
Any Disability 28.7 1.79 111,000 8,110 387,100 3,553
Visual 28.0 3.89 22,500 3,680 80,500 658
Hearing 29.1 3.95 23,200 3,730 79,600 798
Ambulatory 28.4 2.53 54,500 5,710 192,000 1,812
Cognitive 33.4 3.02 49,200 5,420 147,300 1,256
Self-Care 28.8 4.32 19,100 3,390 66,100 586
Independent Living 33.9 3.27 42,700 5,060 126,100 1,125

Education

Some College/Associate's Degree

Introduction

This section examines the percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities with only some college or an Associate's degree in Arizona, using data from the 2008 American Community Survey (ACS). Comparisons to the 2007 Disability Status Report should not be made due to changes in the 2008 ACS disability questions. For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2008, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities with only some college or an Associate's degree in AZ was 35.9 percent.
  • In 2008, the percentage of working-age people without disabilities with only some college or an Associate's degree in AZ was 35.5 percent.
  • The difference in the percentage with only some college or an Associate's degree between working-age people with and without disabilities was -0.4 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest percentage with only some college or an Associate's degree was for people with "Hearing Disability," 38.2 percent. The lowest percentage with only some college or Associate's degree was for people with "Visual Disability," 30.5 percent.

Percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with only some college or an Associate's degree by disability status in Arizona in 2008

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 35.5 0.65 1,142,600 23,830 3,218,600 30,175
Any Disability 35.9 1.89 138,800 9,050 387,100 3,553
Visual 30.5 3.98 24,600 3,840 80,500 658
Hearing 38.2 4.23 30,400 4,270 79,600 798
Ambulatory 36.4 2.70 69,900 6,460 192,000 1,812
Cognitive 31.5 2.97 46,400 5,270 147,300 1,256
Self-Care 33.7 4.51 22,300 3,660 66,100 586
Independent Living 31.3 3.21 39,400 4,860 126,100 1,125

Education

Bachelor's Degree or More

Introduction

This section presents the percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities with a Bachelor's degree or more in Arizona , using data from the 2008 American Community Survey (ACS). Comparisons to the 2007 Disability Status Report should not be made due to changes in the 2008 ACS disability questions. For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2008, the percentage of working-age people with disabilities with a Bachelor's degree or more in AZ was 14.4 percent.
  • In 2008, the percentage of working-age people without disabilities with a Bachelor's degree or more in AZ was 26.1 percent.
  • The difference in the percentage with a Bachelor's degree or more between working-age people with and without disabilities was 11.7 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest percentage with a Bachelor's degree or more was for people with "Visual Disability," 18.4 percent. The lowest percentage with a Bachelor's degree or more was for people with "Cognitive Disability," 9.0 percent.

Percentage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with a Bachelor's degree or more by disability status in Arizona in 2008

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 26.1 0.60 840,300 21,000 3,218,600 30,175
Any Disability 14.4 1.39 55,600 5,770 387,100 3,553
Visual 18.4 3.35 14,800 2,990 80,500 658
Hearing 14.8 3.09 11,700 2,660 79,600 798
Ambulatory 12.6 1.86 24,200 3,810 192,000 1,812
Cognitive 9.0 1.83 13,200 2,820 147,300 1,256
Self-Care 11.8 3.08 7,800 2,170 66,100 586
Independent Living 9.4 2.02 11,800 2,660 126,100 1,125

Veterans Service-Connected Disability Rating

Introduction

This section presents the percentage of non-institutionalized working-age (ages 21 to 64) civilian veterans reporting a service-connected disability rating in Arizona. The 2008 American Community Survey (ACS) asks if the veteran has a service-connected disability, and if so, what their rating is (0-100%). A "service-connected" disability is one that has been determined by the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) as being a result of disease or injury incurred or aggravated during military service. Note that a veteran can receive disability compensation for a wide range of conditions, and a veteran with a service-connected disability may not report having one of the six ACS functional or activity limitation disabilities. For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2008, there were 298,700 working-age civilian veterans in AZ, of whom 48,500 had a VA service-connected disability.
  • In 2008, the percentage of working-age civilian veterans in AZ with a VA service-connected disability was 16.2 percent.
  • In 2008, 8,900 working-age civilian veterans in AZ had the most severe service-connected disability rating (70 percent or above).
  • In 2008, 18.3 percent of the working-age civilian veterans in AZ who had a service connected disability had a service-connected disability rating of 70 percent or above.

Disability rating of working-age civilian veterans (ages 21 to 64) with a service-connected disability in Arizona in 2008

Service–Connected Disability Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
Has a service-connected disability rating (0-100%) 16.2 1.43 48,500 4,670 298,700 3,073
Disability rating of veterans with a service connected-disability
0 percent 6.6 2.40 3,200 1,200 48,500 524
10 or 20 percent 39.7 4.73 19,300 2,950 48,500 524
30 or 40 percent 19.2 3.80 9,300 2,050 48,500 524
50 or 60 percent 10.0 2.90 4,800 1,480 48,500 524
70 percent or higher 18.3 3.74 8,900 2,010 48,500 524
Rating not reported 6.2 2.33 3,000 1,170 48,500 524

Health Insurance Coverage

Introduction

This section examines the health insurance coverage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities in Arizona, using data from the 2008 American Community Survey (ACS). For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2008, 83.2 percent of working-age people with disabilities in AZ had some type of health insurance coverage.
  • In 2008, 76.6 percent of working-age people without disabilities in AZ had some type of health insurance coverage.
  • The difference in the health insurance coverage rate between working-age people with and without disabilities was 6.6 percentage points.
  • Among the six types of disabilities identified in the ACS, the highest health insurance coverage rate was for people with "Self-Care Disability," 87.3 percent. The lowest health insurance coverage rate was for people with "Visual Disability," 80.6 percent.

Health Insurance Coverage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by disability status in Arizona in 2008

Disability Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
No Disability 76.6 0.70 2,463,800 36,440 3,218,600 30,175
Any Disability 83.2 1.77 321,900 16,300 387,100 3,553
Visual 80.6 4.11 64,900 7,470 80,500 658
Hearing 82.5 3.97 65,700 7,510 79,600 798
Ambulatory 84.7 2.42 162,600 11,730 192,000 1,812
Cognitive 82.8 2.90 122,000 10,200 147,300 1,256
Self-Care 87.3 3.81 57,700 7,050 66,100 586
Independent Living 87.3 2.76 110,000 9,690 126,100 1,125

Type of Health Insurance Coverage

Introduction

This section examines the type of health insurance coverage for non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) with disabilities in Arizona, using data from the 2008 American Community Survey (ACS). Note that people can report more than one type of insurance coverage. For definitions of terms, see Glossary.

Quick Statistics

  • In 2008, 38.1 percent of working-age people with disabilities in AZ reported health insurance coverage through a current or former employer or union (theirs or another family member).
  • In 2008, 59.4 percent of working-age people without disabilities in AZ reported health insurance coverage through a current or former employer or union (theirs or another family member).
  • In 2008, 8.9 percent of working-age people with disabilities in AZ reported purchasing health insurance coverage directly from an insurance company (by themselves or another family member).
  • In 2008, 19.7 percent of working-age people with disabilities in AZ reported Medicare coverage and 30.6 percent reported Medicaid coverage (or other government-assistance plan for those with low incomes or a disability).

Type of Health Insurance Coverage of non-institutionalized working-age people (ages 21 to 64) by disability status in Arizona in 2008

Disability Status/ Insurance Type Percent MOE Number MOE Base Pop. Sample Size
Any Disability
Uninsured 16.8 1.77 65,100 7,480 387,100 3,553
Employer/Union 38.1 2.30 147,400 11,180 387,100 3,553
Purchased 8.9 1.35 34,300 5,440 387,100 3,553
Medicare 19.7 1.88 76,300 8,090 387,100 3,553
Medicaid 30.6 2.18 118,600 10,050 387,100 3,553
Military/VA 8.5 1.32 32,900 5,330 387,100 3,553
Indian Health Service 4.8 1.01 18,800 4,030 387,100 3,553
No Disability
Uninsured 23.4 0.70 754,800 24,060 3,218,600 30,175
Employer/Union 59.4 0.81 1,911,600 34,220 3,218,600 30,175
Purchased 10.5 0.50 337,700 16,670 3,218,600 30,175
Medicare 1.1 3.29 35,600 5,540 3,218,600 30,175
Medicaid 7.8 0.44 250,300 14,450 3,218,600 30,175
Military/VA 3.8 0.31 122,000 10,190 3,218,600 30,175
Indian Health Service 2.5 0.26 79,900 8,270 3,218,600 30,175

Glossary

Actively Looking for Work

A person is defined as ACTIVELY looking for work if he or she reports looking for work during the last four weeks.

Ambulatory Disability

This disability type is based on the question (asked of persons ages 5 or older): Does this person have serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs?

Base Population (Base Pop.)

The estimated number of individuals upon which the calculation is based. (For percentages, this is the denominator).

Cognitive Disability

This disability type is based on the question (asked of persons ages 5 or older): Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions?

Disability and Disability Types

The ACS definition of disability is based on six questions. A person is coded as having a disability if he or she or a proxy respondent answers affirmatively for one or more of these six categories.

  • Hearing Disability (asked of all ages): Is this person deaf or does he/she have serious difficulty hearing?
  • Visual Disability (asked of all ages): Is this person blind or does he/she have serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses?
  • Cognitive Disability (asked of persons ages 5 or older): Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions?
  • Ambulatory Disability (asked of persons ages 5 or older): Does this person have serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs?
  • Self-care Disability (asked of persons ages 5 or older): Does this person have difficulty dressing or bathing?
  • Independent Living Disability (asked of persons ages 15 or older): Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor’s office or shopping?

Earnings

Earnings are defined as wages, salary, commissions, bonuses, or tips from all jobs including self-employment income (NET income after business expenses) from own nonfarm businesses or farm businesses, including proprietorships and partnerships.

Education

Our definition is based on the responses to the question: "What is the highest degree or level of school this person has completed? If currently enrolled, mark the previous grade or highest degree received." Our category "high school diploma/equivalent" includes those marking the ACS option "Regular high school diploma — GED or alternative credential." Our category "Some college/Associate's degree" includes those marking the ACS options: some college credit, but less than 1 year of college credit; one or more years of college credit but no degree, or "Associate's degree (for example: AA, AS)." Our category "a Bachelor's or more" includes those marking the ACS options: "Bachelor's degree (for example: BA, BS)"; "Master's degree (for example: MA, MS, MEng, MEd, MSW, MBA)"; "Professional degree (for example: MD, DDS, DVM, LLB, JD)"; or "Doctorate degree (for example: PhD, EdD)." Note in 2008 changes were made to some of the response categories and the layout of this question.

Employment

A person is considered employed if he or she is either

  1. “at work”: those who did any work at all during the reference week as a paid employee (worked in his or her own business or profession, worked on his or her own farm, or worked 15 or more hours as an unpaid worker on a family farm or business) or
  2. “with a job but not at work”: had a job but temporarily did not work at that job during the reference week due to illness, bad weather, industrial dispute, vacation or other personal reasons. The reference week is defined as the week preceding the date the questionnaire was completed.

Employment Rate

The employment rate is calculated by dividing the number of persons employed by the number of persons in that population.

** Note that the unemployment rate cannot be calculated using the employment rate:

  • The employment rate is the percentage of all persons who have a job.
  • The unemployment rate is the percentage of persons in the labor force who do not have a job but are actively looking for work. The labor force includes people who have a job, are on layoff, or who actively searched for work in the last four weeks.

Please see http://www.disabilitystatistics.org/faq.cfm#Q6 for more information on unemployment rate calculation and its implications.

Full-Time/Full-Year Employment

A person is considered employed full-time/full-year if he or she worked 35 hours or more per week (full-time) and 50 or more weeks per year (full-year). The reference period is defined as the year preceding the date the questionnaire was completed. Note: this does not signify whether a person is eligible for fringe benefits. The question and response categories regarding weeks worked per year was changed in 2008.

Group Quarters (GQ)

A GQ is a place where people live or stay that is normally owned or managed by an entity or organization providing housing and/or services for the residents. These services may include custodial or medical care as well as other types of assistance, and residency is commonly restricted to those receiving these services. People living in group quarters are usually not related to each other. Group quarters include such places as college residence halls, residential treatment centers, skilled nursing facilities, group homes, military barracks, correctional facilities, and workers' dormitories. See the definitions of institutional GQs and non-institutional GQs for more information. In addition, a description of the types of group quarters included in the 2008 ACS is located on the U.S. Census Bureau's Web site at www.census.gov/acs/www/Downloads/
2008_ACS_GQ_Definitions.pdf
.

Health Insurance Coverage

Is based on the following question: Is this person CURRENTLY covered by any of the following types of health insurance or health coverage plans? Mark "Yes" or "No" for EACH type of coverage in items a – h.

  1. Insurance through a current or former employer or union (of this person or another family member)
  2. Insurance purchased directly from an insurance company (by this person or another family member)
  3. Medicare, for people 65 and older, or people with certain disabilities
  4. Medicaid, Medical Assistance, or any kind of government-assistance plan for those with low incomes or a disability
  5. VA (including those who have ever used or enrolled for VA health care)
  6. TRICARE or other military health care
  7. Indian Health Service
  8. Any other type of health insurance or health coverage plan – Specify (Note: “Other type” were recoded into one of the categories a-g by the Census Bureau)

Hearing Disability

This disability type is based on the question (asked of all ages): Is this person deaf or does he/she have serious difficulty hearing?

Hispanic or Latino Origin

People of Hispanic or Latino origin are those who classify themselves in a specific Hispanic or Latino category in response to the question, "Is this person Spanish/Hispanic/Latino?" Specifically, those of Hispanic or Latino origin are those who are Cuban; Mexican, Mexican American, Chicano; Puerto Rican; or other Spanish/Hispanic/Latino. Origin may be the heritage, nationality group, lineage, or country of birth of the person or the person's parents or ancestors before their arrival in the United States. People who identify their origin as Spanish, Hispanic, or Latino may be of any race.

Household Income

Household Income is defined as the total income of a household including: wages, salary, commissions, bonuses, or tips from all jobs; self-employment income (NET income after business expenses) from own non-farm or farm businesses, including proprietorships and partnerships; interest, dividends, net rental income, royalty income, or income from real estates and trusts; Social Security or Railroad Retirement; Supplemental Security Income; any public assistance or welfare payments from the state or local welfare office; retirement, survivor or disability pensions; and any other regularly received income (e.g., Veterans' payments, unemployment compensation, child support or alimony). Median household income is calculated with the household as the unit of analysis, using household weights without adjusting for household size.

Independent Living Disability

This disability type is based on the question (asked of persons ages 15 or older): Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition, does this person have difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctors office or shopping?

Institutional Group Quarters (GQs)

Includes facilities for people under formally authorized, supervised care or custody at the time of enumeration. Generally, restricted to the institution, under the care or supervision of trained staff, and classified as "patients" or "inmates." Includes: correctional, nursing, and in-patient hospice facilities, psychiatric hospitals, juvenile group homes and residential treatment centers.

Margin of Error (MOE)

Data, such as data from the American Community Survey, is based on a sample, and therefore statistics derived from this data are subject to sampling variability. The margin of error (MOE) is a measure of the degree of sampling variability. In a random sample, the degree of sampling variation is determined by the underlying variability of the phenomena being estimated (e.g., income) and the size of the sample (i.e., the number of survey participants used to calculate the statistic). The smaller the margin of error, the lower the sampling variability and the more "precise" the estimate. A margin of error is the difference between an estimate and its upper or lower confidence bounds. Confidence bounds are calculated by adding the MOE to the estimate (upper bound) and subtracting the MOE from the estimate (lower bound). All margins of error in this report are based on a 90 percent confidence level. This means that there is a 90% certainty that the actual value lies somewhere between the upper and lower confidence bounds.

Non-Institutional Group Quarters (GQs)

Includes facilities that are not classified as institutional group quarters; such as college/university housing, group homes intended for adults, residential treatment facilities for adults, workers' group living quarters and Job Corps centers and religious group quarters.

Not Working but Actively Looking for Work

A person is defined as not working but actively looking for work if he or she reports not being employed, but has been looking for work during the last four weeks.

Number

This term appears in the tables; it refers to estimated number of people in the category. (for percentages, this is the numerator).

Poverty

The poverty measure is computed based upon the standards defined in Directive 14 from the Office of Management and Budget. These standards use poverty thresholds created in 1982 and index these thresholds to 2008 dollars using poverty factors based upon the Consumer Price Index. They use the family as the income sharing unit and family income is the sum of total income from each family member living in the household. The poverty threshold depends upon the size of the family; the age of the householder; and the number of related children under the age of 18.

Race

Race categories are based on the question, "[w]hat is this person's race? Mark (X) one or more races to indicate what this person considers himself/herself to be." Responses include the following: White; Black or African-American; American Indian or Alaska Native (print name of enrolled or principal tribe); Asian Indian; Chinese; Filipino; Japanese; Korean; Vietnamese; Other Asian (Print Race); Native Hawaiian; Guamanian or Chamarro; Samoan; Other Pacific Islander (Print Race Below); Some other race (print race below). "Other race" also contains people who report more than one race.

Sample Size

The number of survey participants used to calculate the statistic.

Self-care Disability

This disability type is based on the question (asked of persons ages 5 or older): 17c. Does this person have difficulty dressing or bathing?

Supplemental Security Income (SSI)

A person is defined as receiving SSI payments if he or she reports receiving (SSI) income in the 12 months prior to the survey.

Note: The Supplemental Security Income (SSI) does not apply to Puerto Rico. SSI is a federal cash assistance program that provides monthly payments to low-income aged, blind, or disabled persons in the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the Northern Mariana Islands.

Veteran Service-Connected Disability

A disease or injury determined to have occurred in or to have been aggravated by military service. A disability is evaluated according to the VA Schedule for Rating Disabilities in Title 38, CFR, and Part 4. Extent of disability is expressed as a percentage from 0% (for conditions that exist but are not disabling to a compensable degree) to 100%, in increments of 10%. This information was determined by the following two part question:

  1. Does this person have a VA service-connected disability rating?
    Yes (such as 0%, 10%, 20%, ... , 100%)
    No SKIP to question 28a
  2. What is this person’s service-connected disability rating?”
    Responses included: 0 percent; 10 or 20 percent; 30 or 40 percent; 50 or 60 percent; 70 percent or higher

Visual Disability

This disability type is based on the question:(asked of all ages): Is this person blind or does he/she have serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses?

About the StatsRRTC

About the Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Demographics and Statistics (StatsRRTC)

The Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Disability Demographics and Statistics (StatsRRTC) bridges the divide between the sources of disability data and the users of disability statistics. We conduct research exploring the reliability of existing data sources and collection methods, and study the potential to improve current and future data collection efforts.

The StatsRRTC is an interdisciplinary effort of two organizations at Cornell University: the Employment and Disability Institute, and the Department of Policy Analysis and Management. In addition, expertise is drawn from the following collaborating institutions: American Association of People with Disabilities (AAPD), Center for an Accessible Society, InfoUse, and Mathematica Policy Research, Inc.

The StatsRRTC is funded by the U.S. Department of Education, National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (No. H133B031111). The contents of this paper do not necessarily represent the policy of the Department of Education, and you should not assume endorsement by the Federal Government (Edgar, 75.620 (b)).

StatsRRTC Co-Principal Investigators

Susanne M. Bruyere: Director, Employment and Disability Institute, School of Industrial and Labor Relations, Extension Division, Cornell University

Richard V. Burkhauser: Sarah Gibson Blanding Professor, Department of Policy Analysis and Management, College of Human Ecology, Cornell University

David C. Stapleton: Mathmatica Policy Research, Center for Disability Policy

Contact Us

Employment and Disability Institute, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853

Phone: 607.255.7727
Email: disabilitystatistics@cornell.edu
Web: www.disabilitystatistics.org